Marx and Alienated Speciesism
Contributor(s):: Foster, John Bellamy, Clark, Brett
Longitudinal effects of human supremacy beliefs and vegetarianism threat on moral exclusion (vs. inclusion) of animals
Contributor(s):: Leite, Ana C., Dhont, Kristof, Hodson, Gordon
Herd-level associations between human-animal relationship, management, fecal cortisol metabolites, and udder health of organic dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Simantke, C., Ebinghaus, A., Poulsen, P. H., Sorensen, J. T., Rousing, T., Palme, R., Knierim, U.
“Hay-bags” and “Slow feeders”: Testing their impact on horse behaviour and welfare
Contributor(s):: Rochais, C., Henry, S., Hausberger, M.
The temporal distribution of feeding behaviour is of primary importance in grazing herbivores. Many domestic horses are managed under conditions far removed from the natural environment. For example, restricted access to roughage may induce health problems such as gastric ulceration, but also be...
How to measure dairy cows’ responsiveness towards humans in breeding and welfare assessment? A comparison of selected behavioural measures and existing breeding traits
Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, Asja, Ivemeyer, Silvia, Lauks, Vanessa, Santos, Laura, Brügemann, Kerstin, König, Sven, Knierim, Ute
For dairy cattle breeding as well as animal welfare science reliability and validity issues regarding measures of cows’ responsiveness towards humans are relevant. The objective of this study was to investigate reliability and validity aspects of four selected behavioural measures at the feeding...
Longitudinal study on human-related behaviour in horses—Can horses (Equus caballus) be de-domesticated?
Contributor(s):: Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Jaworski, Zbigniew, Suwała, Mira, Boroń, Marlena, Ogłuszka, Magdalena, Earley, Bernadette, Sobczyńska, Magdalena
In the present study, we hypothesise that persistent avoidance of human would confirm de-domestication process in semi-feral horses. Fifty-three Konik polski horses (stable-born: SB, N1=27 and forest-born: FB, N2=26), additionally handled for 5 or 15days after weaning, were evaluated. Human...
Rider impacts on equitation
Contributor(s):: Williams, Jane, Tabor, Gillian
Equestrianism is popular worldwide, with millions of horses and riders participating in competitive horse sports and non-competitive leisure riding. Riders have a duty of care or responsibility for their horses and should aim to optimise their health and welfare. Despite this, limited research...
Aversiveness of husbandry procedures for pre-weaned foals: A comparison using behavioural and physiological indices
Contributor(s):: Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Jaworski, Zbigniew, Suwała, Mira, Sobczyńska, Magdalena, Jastrzębska, Ewa, Ogłuszka, Magdalena, Sankey, Carol, Boroń, Marlena, Jezierski, Tadeusz
Husbandry procedures are necessary for different purposes in horse breeding. The aim of the present study was to assess the aversiveness and effects on the horse-human relationship of a range of common husbandry procedures, in pre-weaned non-habituated Konik polski foals. Our measures included...
Dogs’ coping styles and dog-handler relationships influence avalanche search team performance
Contributor(s):: Diverio, Silvana, Menchetti, Laura, Riggio, Giacomo, Azzari, Costanza, Iaboni, Martina, Zasso, Renato, Di Mari, Walter, Santoro, Michele Matteo
Avalanche search dogs are valuable resources in the event of environmental disasters. The aim of this study was to determine whether dog search strategies and dynamics of interaction with his handler influence team performance during a simulated avalanche search trial. This consisted in...
Is there a relationship between attitudes of shelter staff to cats and the cats’ approach behaviour?
Contributor(s):: Arhant, Christine, Troxler, Josef
One aspect of welfare that is measured in protocols used for the assessment of farm animal welfare is the human-animal relationship. The aim of the present study was to develop a ‘human approach test’ to measure the human-animal relationship in shelter cats and to investigate aspects of...
Positive perception of human stroking by lambs: Qualitative behaviour assessment confirms previous interpretation of quantitative data
Contributor(s):: Serrapica, Maria, Boivin, Xavier, Coulon, Marjorie, Braghieri, Ada, Napolitano, Fabio
Qualitative behaviour assessment (QBA) was used to validate previous published interpretation whether human stroking has beneficial effects on lambs prematurely separated from their mothers. For a period of 8 weeks a familiar human (FH) subjected 22 Romane lambs to a gentling treatment based on...
Inconsistency in dairy calves’ responses to tests of fearfulness
Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G., Atkinson, Dax, Weary, Daniel M.
Fear is an important welfare problem for farm animals, including cattle. A variety of methods of assessing fear have been proposed, but the reliability and validity of these methods, and ways of improving these characteristics, have received little study. We conducted a series of experiments to...
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows’ reactivity towards humans
Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, Asja, Ivemeyer, Silvia, Rupp, Julia, Knierim, Ute
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows – as part of the HAR – is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Gentle interactions decrease the fear of humans in dairy heifers independently of early experience of stroking
Contributor(s):: Lürzel, Stephanie, Windschnurer, Ines, Futschik, Andreas, Waiblinger, Susanne
The relationship of farmed animals with humans has important implications for animal welfare and productivity. To investigate the short- and long-term effect of gentle interactions (stroking, talking in a gentle voice) during different life stages on the fear of humans, we tested heifers that had...
Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human—An on-farm study
Contributor(s):: Mersmann, Dorit, Schmied-Wagner, Claudia, Nordmann, Eva, Graml, Christine, Waiblinger, Susanne
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...
Relationships between personality of human–dog dyads and performances in working tasks
Contributor(s):: Hoummady, Sara, Péron, Franck, Grandjean, Dominique, Cléro, Delphine, Bernard, Barbara, Titeux, Emmanuelle, Desquilbet, Loïc, Gilbert, Caroline
Improving operational performances of working dog–human dyads is receiving more and more attention. Despite this interest, the associations between human personality, dog personality, dog-human personality matching and dyad performances have rarely been addressed. This study explores the links...
Factors of potential influence on different behavioural tests in fattening pigs
Contributor(s):: Mieloch, F. J., Nietfeld, S., Straßburg, C., Krieter, J., Grosse Beilage, E., Czycholl, I.
The present study aimed at isolating factors of potential influence on the Novel-Object Test (NOT), the Forced Human-Approach Test (FHAT), the Voluntary Human-Approach Test (VHAT) and the Human-Animal Relationship Test (HART) to draw conclusions about factors that should be considered when using...
Investigating the effect of pen shape and pen size on group flight distance of extensively managed ewes
Contributor(s):: Cramer, Samantha R., Munoz, Carolina A., McGill, David M., Rice, Maxine, Doyle, Rebecca E.
This study investigated the effect of pen shape and pen size on the group flight distance of extensively managed ewes, and how flight distances of individual ewes compared when recorded in group and isolated settings. Within eight groups of 25 sheep, six focal animals were randomly selected...
Effects of Affiliative Human–Animal Interaction on Dog Salivary and Plasma Oxytocin and Vasopressin
| Contributor(s):: Evan MacLean, Laurence R Gesquiere, Nancy R Gee, Kerinne Levy, W Lance Martin, C Sue Carter
Oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) are neuropeptides with diverse effects on social behavior, cognition and stress responses. Recent studies suggest that OT facilitates and responds to affiliative forms of human–animal interaction (HAI). However, previous studies measuring OT and AVP in...
Foster parenting, human imprinting and conventional handling affects survival and early weight of ostrich chicks
| Contributor(s):: MD Wang, SWP Cloete, K Dzama, M Bonato, IA Malecki
The effects of human imprinting and foster parenting by adult ostriches on the survival and growth performance of ostrich chicks were compared to conventional chick-rearing practices in two separate experiments. In the first experiment, the growth rate and survival of chicks imprinted onto...