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  1. An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets

    Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.

    The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...

  2. Positive reinforcement training for blood collection in grizzly bears ( Ursus arctos horribilis) results in undetectable elevations in serum cortisol levels: a preliminary investigation

    Contributor(s):: Joyce-Zuniga, N. M., Newberry, R. C., Robbins, C. T., Ware, J. V., Jansen, H. T., Nelson, O. L.

    Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects...

  3. Relationships between personality of human-dog dyads and performances in working tasks

    Contributor(s):: Hoummady, S., Peron, F., Grandjean, D., Clero, D., Bernard, B., Titeux, E., Desquilbet, L., Gilbert, C.

    Improving operational performances of working dog-human dyads is receiving more and more attention. Despite this interest, the associations between human personality, dog personality, dog-human personality matching and dyad performances have rarely been addressed. This study explores the links...

  4. The effect of reward-handler dissociation on dogs' obedience performance in different conditions

    Contributor(s):: Gerencser, L., Kosztolanyi, A., Delanoeije, J., Miklosi, A.

    Dogs' responsiveness to instructions of the handler is known to be influenced by several factors. In this study we examined whether reward-handler dissociation has an effect on the obedience performance of family dogs with basic training history. We looked at situations involving human-dog...

  5. The influence of body region, handler familiarity and order of region handled on the domestic cat's response to being stroked

    Contributor(s):: Ellis, S. L. H., Thompson, H., Guijarro, C., Zulch, H. E.

    The domestic cat is now one of the most common pet species in the Western world. As part of its role as a pet, cats are expected to not only tolerate but enjoy being touched. This study consisted of two experiments, with the first investigating the influence of body region touched and handler...

  6. Children with avoidant or disorganized attachment relate differently to a dog and to humans during a socially stressful situation

    Contributor(s):: Wedl, M., Kotrschal, K., Julius, H., Beetz, A.

    Human attachment representations are shaped in interaction with the primary caregiver and are generally transferred to further bonding/social partners later in life. According to previous evidence, primary attachment representations acquired with humans do not seem to be transferred to companion...

  7. Moral Agency in Mammalia

    Contributor(s):: Reid, Mark D.

  8. The Intentionality of Plover Cognitive States

    Contributor(s):: Stieg, Chuck

  9. The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...

  10. Flight distance and reaction to fawn handling are greater in high- than in low-ranked pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus) females

    Contributor(s):: Ungerfeld, R., Morales-Pineyrua, J. T., Freitas-de-Melo, A.

    The flight distance from humans and the reaction of the mother to human handling of their offspring are measures that can be used to assess the quality of the human-animal relationship which could vary according to animals' position in a group. The objective was to determine if the flight...

  11. Effects of gentle interactions on the relationship with humans and on stress-related parameters in group-housed calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Although the relationship between farm animals and humans has strong implications for animal welfare and productivity, there have been few experimental studies on the influence of gentle interactions in group-housed calves. In the present study, Austrian Simmental calves were housed in groups of...

  12. Adolescents care but don't feel responsible for farm animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Jamieson, J., Reiss, M. J., Allen, D., Asher, L., Parker, M. O., Wathes, C. M., Abeyesinghe, S. M.

    Adolescents are the next generation of consumers with the potential to raise standards of farm animal welfare - to their satisfaction - if their preferences and concerns are translated into accurate market drivers and signals. There are no published data about adolescent views of farm animal...

  13. Are emotionally attached companion animal caregivers conscientious and neurotic? factors that affect the human-companion animal relationship

    Contributor(s):: Reevy, G. M., Delgado, M. M.

    Few studies have examined how personality traits may be related to the amounts and types of attachments humans have toward companion animals (pets). In this study, 1,098 companion animal guardians (owners) completed a survey that included the Big Five Inventory, the Lexington Attachment to Pets...

  14. Are emotionally attached companion animal caregivers conscientious and neurotic? factors that affect the human-companion animal relationship

    Contributor(s):: Reevy, G. M., Delgado, M. M.

    Few studies have examined how personality traits may be related to the amounts and types of attachments humans have toward companion animals (pets). In this study, 1,098 companion animal guardians (owners) completed a survey that included the Big Five Inventory, the Lexington Attachment to Pets...

  15. Park Rangers' Behaviors and Their Effects on Tourists and Tibetan Macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Mt. Huangshan, China

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Rie Usui, Lori K. Sheeran, Jin-hua Li, Lixing Sun, Xi Wang, Alexander J. Pritchard, Alexander S. Duvall-lash, R. Steve Wagner

    Previous studies have reported the negative impacts of tourism on nonhuman primates (NHPs) and tourists and advocated the improvement of tourism management, yet what constitutes good quality management remains unclear. We explored whether rates of macaque aggression and self-directed behaviors...

  16. Best practices for planning events encouraging human-animal interactions

    Contributor(s):: Erdozain, G., Kukanich, K., Chapman, B., Powell, D.

    Educational events encouraging human-animal interaction include the risk of zoonotic disease transmission. It is estimated that 14% of all disease in the USA caused by Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, non-O157 STECs, Listeria...

  17. Social provisions of the human-animal relationship amongst 30 people living with HIV in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Hutton, V. E.

    Research on the relationship between humans and animals has identified some links between companion animals and physiological, psychological, and social benefits for the human. Adopting Robert Weiss's (1974) Theory of Social Provisions as a framework, this qualitative study explores the role of...

  18. Are we ignoring neutral and negative human-animal relationships in zoos?

    Contributor(s):: Hosey, G., Melfi, V.

    Human-animal interactions (HAI), which may lead to human-animal relationships (HAR), may be positive, neutral, or negative in nature. Zoo studies show that visitors may be stressful, may have no effect, or may be enriching. There is also evidence that good HARs set up between animals and their...

  19. Paleoethology as a tool for the development of archaeological models of land-use : the Crimean Middle Palaeolithic

    Contributor(s):: Burke, A.

  20. Human behavior and opportunities for parasite transmission in communities surrounding long-tailed macaque populations in Bali, Indonesia

    Contributor(s):: Lane-deGraaf, Kelly E.