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Resources (41-60 of 229)

  1. "Ooo ooo, aah aah" : people, bonobos, and mirrored projections at the zoo

    Contributor(s):: Shanafelt, Robert

  2. The animal connection and human evolution

    Contributor(s):: Shipman, Pat

  3. Persistency of the piglet's reactivity to the handler following a previous positive or negative experience

    Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Bergeron, R., Tallet, C., Hotzel, M. J., Devillers, N.

    A central question in the stockman-animal relationship is how animals perceive humans depending on previous interactions with them. This study aimed at measuring the influence of a previous experience with humans on subsequent reactivity to humans of weaned piglets. Treatments differing in type...

  4. A study on validity and reliability of on-farm tests to measure human-animal relationship in horses and donkeys

    Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Dai, F., Murray, L. A. M., Guazzetti, S., Canali, E., Minero, M.

    The development and maintenance of a positive human-horse/donkey relationship is essential in order to decrease accidents and reduce negative states of equine welfare. In many animal species the reaction of animals to humans during specific behavioural tests is influenced by their past...

  5. Discrimination of human and dog faces and inversion responses in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Anais Racca, Eleonora Amadei, Severine Ligout, Kun Guo, Kerstin Meints, Daniel Mills

    Although domestic dogs can respond to many facial cues displayed by other dogs and humans, it remains unclear whether they can differentiate individual dogs or humans based on facial cues alone and, if so, whether they would demonstrate the face inversion effect, a behavioural hallmark commonly...

  6. Left gaze bias in humans, rhesus monkeys and domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Kun Guo, Daniel Mills, Kerstin Meints, Charlotte Hall, Sophie Hall

    While viewing faces, human adults often demonstrate a natural gaze bias towards the left visual field, that is, the right side of the viewee’s face is often inspected first and for longer periods. Using a preferential looking paradigm, we demonstrate that this bias is neither uniquely human...

  7. Dogs, cats, and morale maintenance: some preliminary data

    Contributor(s):: Albert, A., Anderson, M.

    "In this paper we present some prelimi-nary data on the contributions of dogs andcats to morale maintenance and positivesocial interaction within the family."

  8. Children who supernurture animals: a call for sociological (and other) study

    Contributor(s):: Arluke, A.

    The author suggests that "to significantly advance our understand-ing of humane behavior and to instill or enhance its presence in children, we need to go “back to the drawing board” and ask somenew questions about kindness toward animals and use some different, and more exploratory, sociological...

  9. Psychological sequelae of pet loss following Hurricane Katrina

    Contributor(s):: Hunt, M., Al-Awadi, H., Johnson, M.

    One of the many impacts of natural disasters on the well-being of the humans who experience them is enforced abandonment and loss of companion animals. Hurricane Katrina, which struck the gulf coast of the United States in late August, 2005, was such a disaster. This study assessed the...

  10. Marking Her Territory: Feline Behavior in "The Yellow Wall-Paper"

    Contributor(s):: Golden, Catherine J.

  11. Fetching what the owner prefers? Dogs recognize disgust and happiness in human behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Turcsan, B., Szantho, F., Miklosi, A., Kubinyi, E.

    Research using the two-object choice paradigm showed that dogs prefer the object associated with the happy human emotion. However, they provided rather ambiguous results regarding the negative emotions. We assumed that differences between the dogs' and owners' interest towards the 'negative'...

  12. Nonverbal communication and human-dog interaction

    Contributor(s):: Meyer, I., Forkman, B.

    Human-dog interaction relies to a large extent on nonverbal communication, and it is therefore plausible that human sensitivity to nonverbal signals affects interactions between human and dog. Experience with dogs is also likely to influence human-dog interactions, and it has been suggested that...

  13. Benefits of dog ownership: comparative study of equivalent samples

    Contributor(s):: Gonzalez Ramirez, M. T., Landero Hernandez, R.

    Owing to the inconclusive findings of research regarding the health benefits of pet ownership, we compared perceived health, stress, life satisfaction, happiness, and psychosomatic symptoms in dog owners and non-dog owners. As an attempt to overcome some earlier methodological issues, the sample...

  14. The companion species manifesto : dogs, people, and significant otherness

    Contributor(s):: Haraway, Donna Jeanne

  15. On the Psychological Well-Being of Chimpanzees

    Contributor(s):: Fouts, Roger S.

    Comments on the similarly between the behavioral and cognitive abilities of chimpanzees and humans. Amount of cultural diversity between chimpanzees; Ability of chimpanzees to communicate with the signs of American Sign Language; Details on the cognitive difference between apes and humans.

  16. What's in it for the companion animal? Pet attachment and college students' behaviors toward pets

    Contributor(s):: Shore, E. R., Douglas, D. K., Riley, M. L.

    Research on the human-nonhuman animal bond has focused primarily on its advantages to the human. The purpose of this study is to investigate behaviors of caregivers (owners) of companion animals (pets) and to examine the relationship between such behaviors and scores on a pet attachment scale....

  17. Dog obesity: can dog caregivers' (owners') feeding and exercise intentions and behaviors be predicted from attitudes?

    Contributor(s):: Rohlf, V. I., Toukhsati, S., Coleman, G. J., Bennett, P. C.

    Dog obesity is a common nutritional disorder affecting up to 40% of the companion animal (pet) dog population in Australia and other developed nations. A clear understanding of factors determining relevant caregiver (owner) behaviors underpins effective treatment for this disorder. The theory of...

  18. Hediger revisited: how do zoo animals see us?

    Contributor(s):: Hosey, G.

    Contact with people, both familiar (e.g., caretakers) and unfamiliar (e.g., members of the public), is a significant part of the lives of nonhuman animals in zoos. The available empirical evidence shows that in many cases this contact represents a source of stress to the animals, although there...

  19. Effect of Animal-Assisted Play Therapy on facilitating social behavior for children with autism: a preliminary comparison study

    Contributor(s):: Fung, SukChun

    Despite evidence that Animal-Assisted Play Therapy increases the positive social behavior of children with autism, little is known about the mechanism of this treatment effect. In the present study, ten children with autism, aged 7-10, were randomized into two groups. One group attended 14...

  20. Equine on-farm welfare assessment: a review of animal-based indicators

    Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Murray, L., Dai, F., Canali, E., Minero, M.

    The adaptability of horses and donkeys to different types of activity has seen the European equine industry become an important economic sector, giving rise to increasing concern regarding equine welfare. As part of the AWIN (Animal Welfare Indicators) project, this review focuses on scientific...