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Tags: Human behavior

All Categories (41-60 of 238)

  1. Paleoethology as a tool for the development of archaeological models of land-use : the Crimean Middle Palaeolithic

    Contributor(s):: Burke, A.

  2. "Ooo ooo, aah aah" : people, bonobos, and mirrored projections at the zoo

    Contributor(s):: Shanafelt, Robert

  3. A new synthesis : resituating approaches to the evolution of human behavior

    Contributor(s):: Fuentes, Agustín

  4. Human behavior and opportunities for parasite transmission in communities surrounding long-tailed macaque populations in Bali, Indonesia

    Contributor(s):: Lane-deGraaf, Kelly E.

  5. The animal connection and human evolution

    Contributor(s):: Shipman, Pat

  6. A study on validity and reliability of on-farm tests to measure human-animal relationship in horses and donkeys

    Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Dai, F., Murray, L. A. M., Guazzetti, S., Canali, E., Minero, M.

    The development and maintenance of a positive human-horse/donkey relationship is essential in order to decrease accidents and reduce negative states of equine welfare. In many animal species the reaction of animals to humans during specific behavioural tests is influenced by their past...

  7. Denial of death and the relationship between humans and other animals

    Contributor(s):: Marino, L., Mountain, M.

    The focus of this paper is to explore how cultural anthropologist Ernest Becker's claim that human behavior is largely motivated by fear of death may explain important aspects of our relationship with nonhuman animals. Terror management theory (tmt) suggests that when we humans are reminded of...

  8. Persistency of the piglet's reactivity to the handler following a previous positive or negative experience

    Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Bergeron, R., Tallet, C., Hotzel, M. J., Devillers, N.

    A central question in the stockman-animal relationship is how animals perceive humans depending on previous interactions with them. This study aimed at measuring the influence of a previous experience with humans on subsequent reactivity to humans of weaned piglets. Treatments differing in type...

  9. Discrimination of human and dog faces and inversion responses in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Anais Racca, Eleonora Amadei, Severine Ligout, Kun Guo, Kerstin Meints, Daniel Mills

    Although domestic dogs can respond to many facial cues displayed by other dogs and humans, it remains unclear whether they can differentiate individual dogs or humans based on facial cues alone and, if so, whether they would demonstrate the face inversion effect, a behavioural hallmark commonly...

  10. Left gaze bias in humans, rhesus monkeys and domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Kun Guo, Daniel Mills, Kerstin Meints, Charlotte Hall, Sophie Hall

    While viewing faces, human adults often demonstrate a natural gaze bias towards the left visual field, that is, the right side of the viewee’s face is often inspected first and for longer periods. Using a preferential looking paradigm, we demonstrate that this bias is neither uniquely human...

  11. Children who supernurture animals: a call for sociological (and other) study

    Contributor(s):: Arluke, A.

    The author suggests that "to significantly advance our understand-ing of humane behavior and to instill or enhance its presence in children, we need to go “back to the drawing board” and ask somenew questions about kindness toward animals and use some different, and more exploratory, sociological...

  12. Dogs, cats, and morale maintenance: some preliminary data

    Contributor(s):: Albert, A., Anderson, M.

    "In this paper we present some prelimi-nary data on the contributions of dogs andcats to morale maintenance and positivesocial interaction within the family."

  13. Psychological sequelae of pet loss following Hurricane Katrina

    Contributor(s):: Hunt, M., Al-Awadi, H., Johnson, M.

    One of the many impacts of natural disasters on the well-being of the humans who experience them is enforced abandonment and loss of companion animals. Hurricane Katrina, which struck the gulf coast of the United States in late August, 2005, was such a disaster. This study assessed the...

  14. Marking Her Territory: Feline Behavior in "The Yellow Wall-Paper"

    Contributor(s):: Golden, Catherine J.

  15. Approach behaviour of shelter dogs and its relationships with the attitudes of shelter staff to dogs

    Contributor(s):: Arhant, C., Troxler, J.

    The behaviour of animals towards humans is widely used to assess human-animal relationship and welfare in livestock. The aim of this study was to develop an approach test for dogs that is feasible in a surveillance setting, shows stability over a given time period and has good...

  16. Benefits of dog ownership: comparative study of equivalent samples

    Contributor(s):: Gonzalez Ramirez, M. T., Landero Hernandez, R.

    Owing to the inconclusive findings of research regarding the health benefits of pet ownership, we compared perceived health, stress, life satisfaction, happiness, and psychosomatic symptoms in dog owners and non-dog owners. As an attempt to overcome some earlier methodological issues, the sample...

  17. Fetching what the owner prefers? Dogs recognize disgust and happiness in human behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Turcsan, B., Szantho, F., Miklosi, A., Kubinyi, E.

    Research using the two-object choice paradigm showed that dogs prefer the object associated with the happy human emotion. However, they provided rather ambiguous results regarding the negative emotions. We assumed that differences between the dogs' and owners' interest towards the 'negative'...

  18. Nonverbal communication and human-dog interaction

    Contributor(s):: Meyer, I., Forkman, B.

    Human-dog interaction relies to a large extent on nonverbal communication, and it is therefore plausible that human sensitivity to nonverbal signals affects interactions between human and dog. Experience with dogs is also likely to influence human-dog interactions, and it has been suggested that...

  19. The companion species manifesto : dogs, people, and significant otherness

    Contributor(s):: Haraway, Donna Jeanne

  20. Dog obesity: can dog caregivers' (owners') feeding and exercise intentions and behaviors be predicted from attitudes?

    Contributor(s):: Rohlf, V. I., Toukhsati, S., Coleman, G. J., Bennett, P. C.

    Dog obesity is a common nutritional disorder affecting up to 40% of the companion animal (pet) dog population in Australia and other developed nations. A clear understanding of factors determining relevant caregiver (owner) behaviors underpins effective treatment for this disorder. The theory of...