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  1. Hediger revisited: how do zoo animals see us?

    Contributor(s):: Hosey, G.

    Contact with people, both familiar (e.g., caretakers) and unfamiliar (e.g., members of the public), is a significant part of the lives of nonhuman animals in zoos. The available empirical evidence shows that in many cases this contact represents a source of stress to the animals, although there...

  2. On the Psychological Well-Being of Chimpanzees

    Contributor(s):: Fouts, Roger S.

    Comments on the similarly between the behavioral and cognitive abilities of chimpanzees and humans. Amount of cultural diversity between chimpanzees; Ability of chimpanzees to communicate with the signs of American Sign Language; Details on the cognitive difference between apes and humans.

  3. What's in it for the companion animal? Pet attachment and college students' behaviors toward pets

    Contributor(s):: Shore, E. R., Douglas, D. K., Riley, M. L.

    Research on the human-nonhuman animal bond has focused primarily on its advantages to the human. The purpose of this study is to investigate behaviors of caregivers (owners) of companion animals (pets) and to examine the relationship between such behaviors and scores on a pet attachment scale....

  4. Companion animals and wellbeing when living with HIV in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Hutton, V. E.

    The aim of this study was to examine the impact of companion animals on wellbeing amongst individuals living with HIV in Australia. It was hypothesized that participants living with a companion animal would report greater emotional wellbeing than those who did not. It was also hypothesized that...

  5. Effect of Animal-Assisted Play Therapy on facilitating social behavior for children with autism: a preliminary comparison study

    Contributor(s):: Fung, SukChun

    Despite evidence that Animal-Assisted Play Therapy increases the positive social behavior of children with autism, little is known about the mechanism of this treatment effect. In the present study, ten children with autism, aged 7-10, were randomized into two groups. One group attended 14...

  6. Equine on-farm welfare assessment: a review of animal-based indicators

    Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Murray, L., Dai, F., Canali, E., Minero, M.

    The adaptability of horses and donkeys to different types of activity has seen the European equine industry become an important economic sector, giving rise to increasing concern regarding equine welfare. As part of the AWIN (Animal Welfare Indicators) project, this review focuses on scientific...

  7. Human-dog interactions and behavioural responses of village dogs in coastal villages in Michoacan, Mexico

    Contributor(s):: Ruiz-Izaguirre, E., Eilers, K. H. A. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Ortolani, A., Ortega-Pacheco, A., Boer, I. J. M. de

    In Mexican villages, most households keep dogs that roam freely. Therefore, socialisation of village dogs occurs in a different context than that of companion dogs in developed countries. The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess village dogs' behavioural responses towards familiar and...

  8. Owners and pets exercising together: canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity

    Contributor(s):: Byers, C. G., Wilson, C. C., Stephens, M. B., Goodie, J. L., Netting, F. E., Olsen, C. H.

    Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits...

  9. Psychometric properties of the Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale: Mexican version (LAPS-M)

    Contributor(s):: Gonzalez Ramirez, M. T., Quezada Berumen, L. del C., Landero Hernandez, R.

    The Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale (LAPS) is perhaps the most widely used instrument to assess human emotional attachments to pets and is suitable for both dog and cat owners. However, this instrument has not been translated into Spanish. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the...

  10. Social dimensions of the human-avian bond: parrots and their persons

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, P. K.

    Though birds are among the most popular companion animals in the United States, little scholarly research has focused on the human- companion parrot relationship. This study uses an ethnographic approach and qualitative analysis to examine the parrot-pet owner relationship. Two and one half weeks...

  11. How a Man Differs From a Dog

    Contributor(s):: Fudge, Erica

  12. A standardized behavior test for potential guide dog puppies: methods and association with subsequent success in guide dog training

    Contributor(s):: Asher, L., Blythe, S., Roberts, R., Toothill, L., Craigon, P. J., Evans, K. M., Green, M. J., England, G. C. W.

    An early understanding of behavioral suitability for guiding work in domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris) would be useful for organizations which train dogs as mobility aids, such as the Guide Dogs for the Blind Association. We explored the potential for a standardized test of behavior in young dogs...

  13. Anxiety-reducing effect: dog, fish and plant in direct comparison

    Contributor(s):: Buttelmann, D., Rompke, A. K.

    Animals have an anxiety-reducing effect on humans. However, in the search for which interventions are the most effective, one notices that studies in this field are not comparable as they all use different designs. Hereby, we investigated the anxiety reducing abilities of different animals and a...

  14. Behavioral and cardiac responses by dogs to physical human-dog contact

    Contributor(s):: Kuhne, F., Hossler, J. C., Struwe, R.

    Measures of behavioral responses and cardiovascular parameters to evaluate and assess animal well-being are well established. A major aspect of companion animal well-being seems to originate from direct human-animal interaction. For pet dogs, the manner in which they obtain and respond to petting...

  15. Catching the rat: understanding multiple and contradictory human-rat relations as situated practices

    Contributor(s):: Beumer, K.

    Humans and rats relate to each other in a variety of ways. Consider the different ways that humans relate to rats in the sewer, the laboratory, and the living room: depending on the location of the encounter, human-rat relations can be characterized as hostile, instrumental, or friendly. Rather...

  16. How wild do we want it? "Wiley" coyote versus fluffy

    Contributor(s):: Plevin, A.

    AbstractHuman relationships with companion animals (cats) and nondomestic, wilder animals (coyotes) are explored in terms of domestic and nondomestic spaces in urban and nonurban settings. What companion animals contribute to and mean to human well-being is considered alongside the perceived need...

  17. I like my dog, does my dog like me?

    Contributor(s):: Rehn, T., Lindholm, U., Keeling, L., Forkman, B.

    In this study, the possibility of there being an association between how an owner perceives his/her relationship to their dog and the way the dog experiences the relationship to its owner was investigated using two well-established methods within the anthrozoology literature. Twenty dog-owner...

  18. My owner, right or wrong: the effect of familiarity on the domestic dog's behavior in a food-choice task

    Contributor(s):: Cook, A., Arter, J., Jacobs, L. F.

    Dogs are strongly influenced by human behavior, and they readily form bonds with specific humans. Yet these lines of inquiry are not often combined. The goal of this study was to investigate whether such bonds would play a role in how dogs behave in response to human signals. Using various types...

  19. Preliminary study of the impact of different dog features on humans in public

    Contributor(s):: Blecker, D., Hiebert, N., Kuhne, F.

    Revealing why pedestrians are afraid of some dogs while passing them in public is essential to assess the dog-owner-stranger relationship. Therefore, the effect of different dog features on passersby was gathered. Four dog features differing in size and color were investigated. The dog features...

  20. The relationship between responsiveness of first-lactation heifers to humans and the behavioral response to milking and milk production measures

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Dowling, S. K.

    The human-animal relationship can influence how an animal responds to situations involving humans and affect animal well-being and production. The objectives of this research were to (1) determine if there is a relationship between the behavioral reactivity of New Zealand dairy heifers toward...