The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention
| Contributor(s):: Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler
In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog’s resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between...
Service dogs in the hospital: helpful or harmful? A case report and clinical recommendations
| Contributor(s):: Pellegrino, L. D., Cerimele, J. M., Dubovsky, A. N.
Pet loss and grief: identifying at-risk pet owners during the euthanasia process
| Contributor(s):: Barnard-Nguyen, S., Breit, M., Anderson, K. A., Nielsen, J.
Pet owners often experience complex and profound grief reactions when their animals are euthanized. Veterinary staff are increasingly being called upon to be aware of and to respond to the grief reactions of pet owners at this critical time. The objectives of this study were to identify pet...
Injuries caused by pets in Asian urban households: a cross-sectional telephone survey
| Contributor(s):: Emily Y Y Chan, Yang Gao, Liping Li, Po Yi Lee
Objectives Little is known about pet-related injuries in Asian populations. This study primarily aimed to investigate the incidence rate of pet-related household injuries in Hong Kong, an urban Chinese setting.Setting Cantonese-speaking non-institutionalised population of all ages in...
Psychological sequelae of pet loss following Hurricane Katrina
| Contributor(s):: Hunt, M., Al-Awadi, H., Johnson, M.
One of the many impacts of natural disasters on the well-being of the humans who experience them is enforced abandonment and loss of companion animals. Hurricane Katrina, which struck the gulf coast of the United States in late August, 2005, was such a disaster. This study assessed the...
The effects of group and individual animal-assisted therapy on loneliness in residents of long-term care facilities
| Contributor(s):: Banks, M. R., Banks, W. A.
Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been shown to reduce the loneliness of residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). In this study, we determined the relative contribution of socialization (human-human bonding) and human-animal bonding as mechanisms by which AAT reduces loneliness. Residents...
The effects of human age, group composition, and behavior on the likelihood of being injured by attacking pumas
| Contributor(s):: Coss, R. G., Fitzhugh, L. E., Schmid-Holmes, S., Kenyon, M. W., Etling, K.
Documentation from the years 1890 to 2000 of 185 instances of pumas (Puma concolor) attacking humans in the United States and Canada has provided statistical evidence that pumas are less likely to kill or injure humans in certain circumstances. We identified incidents of fatal attacks, severe...
The epidemiology of dog bite injuries in Switzerland - characteristics of victims, biting dogs and circumstances
| Contributor(s):: Horisberger, U., Stark, K. D. C., Rufenacht, J., Pillonel, C., Steiger, A.
Dogs are a potential source of several health hazards for humans. Public attention has recently focussed on dog bites, and different prevention strategies have been suggested. As few data on dog bite epidemiology are available, a prospective study was conducted in family practices (FP) and...
Video preference assessment and behavioral management of single-caged Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) by movie presentation
| Contributor(s):: Ogura, T., Matsuzawa, T.
Movie presentation can act as an enrichment technique for nonhuman primates, who also show preferences for certain contents. This study investigated the video preferences and effects of movies on behavioral abnormalities in single-caged Japanese macaques. When movie rewards were provided for...
Reverse Zoonotic Disease Transmission (Zooanthroponosis): A Systematic Review of Seldom-Documented Human Biological Threats to Animals
| Contributor(s):: Ali M. Messenger, Amber N. Barnes, Gregory C. Gray
Background Research regarding zoonotic diseases often focuses on infectious diseases animals have given to humans. However, an increasing number of reports indicate that humans are transmitting pathogens to animals. Recent examples include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,...
The dynamics of livestock ownership, asset ownership and human health in rural households and the role of animal based product consumption: a cross sectional study in Western Province Kenya
| Contributor(s):: C.N. Okell, J. Rushton, W.A. Glanville, E.M. Fevre
This resource discusses the different aspects of livestock ownership.
H7N9 ia a virus worth worrying about
| Contributor(s):: P. Horby, A.J. Tatem, Z. Huang, M. Gilbert, T.P. Robinson, G.R.W. Wint, F.G. Hayden, N. van Vinh Chau, N. Shindo, G. Carson, Z. Gao, Y. Hongjie, S.I. Hay, J. Farrar
Once again an animal influenza A virus has crossed the species barrier to cause an appreciable number of human cases. Now, two months after the first known human infections with the H7N9 virus, the question is: which of the paths set by previous emerging influenza viruses will it follow? One...
An epidemiologic study of the human bite
| Contributor(s):: John S Marr, Alan M. Beck, Joseph A. Lugo Jr.
HUMAN BITES ARE A SERIOUS MEDICAL and surgical problem. A wide range of secondary consequenceshave been documented in the medical literature, including deformity, amputation, infection, transmissionof disease agents, and psychosexual aberrations. Recognition of the human bite as part of the...
Center of Excellence in Livestock Diseases and Human Health Annual Report
| Contributor(s):: College of Veterinary Medicine: University of Tennessee Knoxville
The center was created in 1984 to promote interdisciplinary activities designed to improve the quality of human life through better animal health; expand livestock disease research capabilities in the College of Veterinary Medicine (UTCVM) and the Institute of Agriculture; identify and...
Tuberculosis in Animals: Mycobacterium bacilli that cause Devestating Zoonotic Diseases in many Animals
| Contributor(s):: Jean Larson
There are many losses in the livestock industry, zoo animals, wildlife, and of course humans as a result of the bacterial disease called tuberculosis (TB). As described in the Eighth Edition of The MERCK Veterinary Manual"Tuberculosis is an infectious, granulomatous disease caused by...
Zoonotic and Emerging Diseases
Welcome to the Zoonotic and Emerging Diseases research group, led by Prof Eric Fèvre. Our website aims to provide an outline of the work currently under way in our collaborative team. We are based at the Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool. At present, we are...
Seroepidemiological Study of Brucellosis in Humans and Dairy Cattle in Addis Ababa
| Contributor(s):: Kassahun Jiksa
Sero-epidemiological study of brucellosis was conducted on occupationally exposed humans and dairy cattle in Addis Ababa. A total of 336 human individuals were screened by Rose Bengal Plate Test. Those found to be positive were further subjected to 2-MET. Similarly, 552 sexually matured dairy...
Anti-schistosoma single-domain antibody-nanoparticles conjugate: a novel tool for diagnostic and therapeutic applications
| Contributor(s):: Mohaned Abdelazim Sallam
Nanotechnology has enthused excessive expectations in recent years, particularly in the biology and biomedical fields. Carbon-coated metallic nanomagnets reveal significant physicochemical properties, which are referred to as superparamagnetism, that when designed appropriately can be utilized to...