An epidemiologic study of the human bite
Contributor(s):: John S Marr, Alan M. Beck, Joseph A. Lugo Jr.
HUMAN BITES ARE A SERIOUS MEDICAL and surgical problem. A wide range of secondary consequenceshave been documented in the medical literature, including deformity, amputation, infection, transmissionof disease agents, and psychosexual aberrations. Recognition of the human bite as part of the...
Animal models of human diseases
Contributor(s):: Lin Xu
The development of efficient ways to predict, prevent, diagnose and treat human diseases is of great interest to human society and is a focus of life science research. It is widely believed that all human diseases may be attributed to the interaction between genetic and environmental risk...
Animal Toxins and Human Disease: From Single Component to Venomics, from Biochemical Characterization to Disease mechanisms, from Crude Venom Utilization to Rational Drug Design
Contributor(s):: Qiu-Min Lu, Ren Lai, Yun Zhang
Many animals produced a diversity of venoms and secretions to adapt the changes of environments through the long history of evolution. The components including a large quantity of specific and highly active peptides and proteins have become good research models for protein structure-function and...
Association between pet ownership and the sensitization to pet allergens in adults with various allergic diseases
Contributor(s):: Park, YongBum, Mo, EunKyung, Lee, JaeYoung, Kim, JooHee, Kim, CheolHong, Hyun, InGyu, Choi, JeongHee
Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention
| Contributor(s):: Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler
In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog’s resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between...
H7N9 ia a virus worth worrying about
| Contributor(s):: P. Horby, A.J. Tatem, Z. Huang, M. Gilbert, T.P. Robinson, G.R.W. Wint, F.G. Hayden, N. van Vinh Chau, N. Shindo, G. Carson, Z. Gao, Y. Hongjie, S.I. Hay, J. Farrar
Once again an animal influenza A virus has crossed the species barrier to cause an appreciable number of human cases. Now, two months after the first known human infections with the H7N9 virus, the question is: which of the paths set by previous emerging influenza viruses will it follow? One...
Injuries caused by pets in Asian urban households: a cross-sectional telephone survey
| Contributor(s):: Emily Y Y Chan, Yang Gao, Liping Li, Po Yi Lee
Objectives Little is known about pet-related injuries in Asian populations. This study primarily aimed to investigate the incidence rate of pet-related household injuries in Hong Kong, an urban Chinese setting.Setting Cantonese-speaking non-institutionalised population of all ages in...
Pet loss and grief: identifying at-risk pet owners during the euthanasia process
| Contributor(s):: Barnard-Nguyen, S., Breit, M., Anderson, K. A., Nielsen, J.
Pet owners often experience complex and profound grief reactions when their animals are euthanized. Veterinary staff are increasingly being called upon to be aware of and to respond to the grief reactions of pet owners at this critical time. The objectives of this study were to identify pet...
Psychological sequelae of pet loss following Hurricane Katrina
| Contributor(s):: Hunt, M., Al-Awadi, H., Johnson, M.
One of the many impacts of natural disasters on the well-being of the humans who experience them is enforced abandonment and loss of companion animals. Hurricane Katrina, which struck the gulf coast of the United States in late August, 2005, was such a disaster. This study assessed the...
Reverse Zoonotic Disease Transmission (Zooanthroponosis): A Systematic Review of Seldom-Documented Human Biological Threats to Animals
| Contributor(s):: Ali M. Messenger, Amber N. Barnes, Gregory C. Gray
Background Research regarding zoonotic diseases often focuses on infectious diseases animals have given to humans. However, an increasing number of reports indicate that humans are transmitting pathogens to animals. Recent examples include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,...
Service dogs in the hospital: helpful or harmful? A case report and clinical recommendations
| Contributor(s):: Pellegrino, L. D., Cerimele, J. M., Dubovsky, A. N.
The dynamics of livestock ownership, asset ownership and human health in rural households and the role of animal based product consumption: a cross sectional study in Western Province Kenya
| Contributor(s):: C.N. Okell, J. Rushton, W.A. Glanville, E.M. Fevre
This resource discusses the different aspects of livestock ownership.
The effects of group and individual animal-assisted therapy on loneliness in residents of long-term care facilities
| Contributor(s):: Banks, M. R., Banks, W. A.
Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been shown to reduce the loneliness of residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). In this study, we determined the relative contribution of socialization (human-human bonding) and human-animal bonding as mechanisms by which AAT reduces loneliness. Residents...
The effects of human age, group composition, and behavior on the likelihood of being injured by attacking pumas
| Contributor(s):: Coss, R. G., Fitzhugh, L. E., Schmid-Holmes, S., Kenyon, M. W., Etling, K.
Documentation from the years 1890 to 2000 of 185 instances of pumas (Puma concolor) attacking humans in the United States and Canada has provided statistical evidence that pumas are less likely to kill or injure humans in certain circumstances. We identified incidents of fatal attacks, severe...
The epidemiology of dog bite injuries in Switzerland - characteristics of victims, biting dogs and circumstances
| Contributor(s):: Horisberger, U., Stark, K. D. C., Rufenacht, J., Pillonel, C., Steiger, A.
Dogs are a potential source of several health hazards for humans. Public attention has recently focussed on dog bites, and different prevention strategies have been suggested. As few data on dog bite epidemiology are available, a prospective study was conducted in family practices (FP) and...
The link between animal abuse and family violence.
| Contributor(s):: Arkow, P.
Video preference assessment and behavioral management of single-caged Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) by movie presentation
| Contributor(s):: Ogura, T., Matsuzawa, T.
Movie presentation can act as an enrichment technique for nonhuman primates, who also show preferences for certain contents. This study investigated the video preferences and effects of movies on behavioral abnormalities in single-caged Japanese macaques. When movie rewards were provided for...