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  1. Zootherapy: a practice essential

    Contributor(s):: Peixoto, G. C. X., Bezerra Junior, R. Q., Ge, D. R. F., Oliveira, A. R. M. de, Fonseca, Z. A. A. de S.

    In the different periods of human history is possible to notice the linking and interaction of the human beings of different ages with the most diverse sorts of animals, be them production animals, wild animals, the ones kept in zoos, laboratory animals for research or simply being part of our...

  2. Colorado animal-based plague surveillance systems: relationships between targeted animal species and prediction efficacy of areas at risk for humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lowell, J. L., Eisen, R. J., Schotthoefer, A. M., Liang, X. C., Montenieri, J. A., Tanda, D., Pape, J., Schriefer, M. E., Antolin, M. F., Gage, K. L.

    Human plague risks (Yersinia pestis infection) are greatest when epizootics cause high mortality among this bacterium's natural rodent hosts. Therefore, health departments in plague-endemic areas commonly establish animal-based surveillance programs to monitor Y....

  3. Reflections on the human-animal bond

    | Contributor(s):: Bustad, L. K.

  4. "One health": the potential of closer cooperation between human and animal health in Africa. (Bovine tuberculosis in Ethiopia.)

    | Contributor(s):: Zinsstag, J., Tanner, M.

    Emerging zoonoses affect livestock and humans, which calls for closer cooperation between animal and public health. Conceptually ideal, such cooperation is difficult to achieve and the causative agents of outbreaks are often confused. A lack of awareness may very likely be due to limited capacity...

  5. A developmental approach to dog's sociality.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mogi, K., Nagasawa, M., Kikusui, T.

    A special relationship between human and dog is considered to be established by dog's characteristic social skill and cognitive ability, based on adequate emotional and affiliative behavior. It has been emphasized that puppy's experience in its developing period is prerequisite for...

  6. Animal welfare issues on the use of rabbits in an animal assisted therapy program for children

    | Contributor(s):: Loukaki, K., Koukoutsakis, P., Kostomitsopoulos, N.

    Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) is a method of complementary treatment in the rehabilitation of many human illnesses and conditions. Although the dog is the most widely used therapy animal that is used in AAT program, the rabbit can also be used as an alternate animal species and complementary...

  7. Community health and socioeconomic issues surrounding concentrated animal feeding operations

    | Contributor(s):: Donham, K. J., Wing, S., Osterberg, D., Flora, J. L., Hodne, C., Thu, K. M., Thorne, P. S.

    A consensus of the Workgroup on Community and Socioeconomic Issues was that improving and sustaining healthy rural communities depends on integrating socioeconomic development and environmental protection. The workgroup agreed that the World Health Organization's definition of health, "a state of...

  8. Dolphin therapy

    | Contributor(s):: Gouva, E., Ergolavou, A., Paschos, I., Perdikaris, C., Nathanailides, C., Damigou, N., Athanasopoulou, F.

    Dolphin therapy emerged during the 1950s. The work of Dr. John Lilly played an important role, since he investigated the impact of dolphins on disabled people. From 1978 onwards, the therapeutic aid of dolphins was further advanced, especially after the success of Dr Davis Nathanson with...

  9. Social intelligence in dogs viewed from dog-human interaction.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Takaoka, A.

    Recent research have shown that dogs (Canis familiaris) possess a number of social cognitive abilities and communicate with humans in unique ways. Several research suggest that dogs do not only use the overt features of humans (e.g., pointing, gaze) to find a hidden food in an object choice...

  10. Uncertainties of nutrigenomics and their ethical meaning

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Korthals, M., Komduur, R.

    Again and again utopian hopes are connected with the life sciences (no hunger, health for everyone; life without diseases, longevity), but simultaneously serious research shows uncertain, incoherent, and ambivalent results. It is unrealistic to expect that these uncertainties will disappear. We...

  11. A note on: on-farm testing of the behavioural response of group-housed calves towards humans; test-retest and inter-observer reliability and effect of familiarity of test person

    | Contributor(s):: Rousing, T., Ibsen, B., Sorensen, J. T.

    In this study, a test of the behavioural response of group-housed calves towards humans has been evaluated regarding inter-observer and test-retest reliability as well as effect of familiarity of test person. On seven commercial farms, 186 group-housed calves at the age of 30-183 days were tested...

  12. Does the use of a device to measure heart rate affect the behavioural responses of lambs to humans?

    | Contributor(s):: Tallet, C., Veissier, I., Boivin, X.

    Devices used to measure cardiac activity (elasticized belt, electrodes, etc.) in standardised behavioural tests could be stressful for the animals, and therefore affect their responses. Preliminary habituation to the device is not always possible. To date, the impact of carrying such devices has...

  13. Interactions between humans and capuchin monkeys (Cebus libidinosus) in the Parque Nacional de Brasilia, Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Sabbatini, G., Stammati, M., Tavares, M. C. H., Giuliani, M. V., Visalberghi, E.

    The Parque Nacional de Brasilia, in Brazil, is visited daily by hundreds of people, because of its relative proximity to the city of Brasilia and the presence of natural swimming pools, trials and picnic areas. Capuchin monkeys habitually feed on the food that visitors give them, take food from...

  14. Quantification of temperament in weaned deer calves of two genotypes (Cervus elaphus and Cervus elaphus x Elaphurus davidianus hybrids)

    | Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Littlejohn, R. P., Webster, J. R.

    In the 1st of 2 experiments, 30 [male] red deer (Cervus elaphus), weaned at 3-4 months of age, were kept in pens indoors in groups of 15. Behaviour was recorded during the following tests which were carried out from days 1-27 after weaning: time taken to feed in the presence of a human; time...

  15. Human communication with pigs: the behavioural response of pigs to specific human signals

    | Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Gonyou, H. W., Dziuk, P. J.

  16. The influence of early contact with humans on subsequent behavioural response of pigs to humans

    | Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Hansen, C., Gonyou, H. W.

  17. The influence of inconsistent handling by humans on the behaviour, growth and corticosteroids of young pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Hansen, C.

    The influence of 4 handling treatments on behaviour, growth and free corticosteroid concentrations was studied in 32 young female pigs housed in individual pens. The pleasant treatment involved stroking the pig whenever it approached the experimenter, the unpleasant treatment involved forcing the...

  18. Validation of tests for on-farm assessment of the hen-human relationship in non-cage systems

    | Contributor(s):: Graml, C., Waiblinger, S., Niebuhr, K.

    The relationship of laying hens towards humans is an important aspect of animal welfare. Tests for assessing the hen-human relationship on farm should be validated prior to their use. In this paper, we investigated the validity of three recently developed tests assumed to measure the hen-human...

  19. Influence of gentling on lamb immune response and human-lamb interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Caroprese, M., Napolitano, F., Albenzio, M., Annicchiarico, G., Musto, M., Sevi, A.

    A 7-week trial was performed to assess the effects of gently handling newborn lambs on their behavioural, immune and endocrine responses, and on their growth rate when mothered or artificially reared. Sixty-four lambs were involved in the study, which were divided in four groups of 16. The...

  20. Influence of visitor presence on the behaviour of captive lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus) housed in Indian zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Anindya, Sinha, Waran, N.

    To study the influence of 'visitor presence' on captive lion-tailed macaques, a behavioural study (Short Term Effects) was conducted on 30 individuals housed in 8 zoos across India. The study animals were observed on 'visitor presence' days and on 'visitor absence' days,...