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  1. Unnatural Pumas and Domestic Foxes: Relations with Protected Predators and Conspiratorial Rumours in Southern Chile

    Contributor(s):: Benavides, P., Caviedes, J.

  2. Human-Wildlife Conflict in and Around Borena Sayint National Park, Northern Ethiopia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ayenew Biset, Girma Mengesha, Zerihun Girma

    We identified causes, impact, and traditional management measures of human– wildlife conflict (HWC) in and around Borena Sayint National Park, Ethiopia. We employed questionnaires, focus group discussions, direct observations, and key informant interviews to collect data. The respondents...

  3. Managing Urban Crow Populations in Japan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tsuyoshi Yoda

    Crow (Corvus spp.) populations are increasing globally. This is cause for concern because overabundant crow populations can damage agricultural crops, harm native wildlife, and become a nuisance in urban areas. In Japan, the carrion (C. corone) and large-billed crow (C. macrorhynchos) can...

  4. Wild Animal Suffering and the Laissez-Faire Intuition

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Beka Jalagania

    Are we required to assist wild animals suffering due to natural causes? The laissez-faire intuition (LFI) says that we are not. On this view, although we may have special duties to assist wild animals, there are no general requirements to care for them. In this...

  5. Animal Welfare in Predator Control: Lessons from Land and Sea. How the Management of Terrestrial and Marine Mammals Impacts Wild Animal Welfare in Human–Wildlife Conflict Scenarios in Europe

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laetitia Nunny

    The control of predators, on land and in the sea, is a complex topic. Both marine and terrestrial mammal predators come into conflict with humans in Europe in many ways and yet their situations are rarely compared. Areas of conflict include the predation of livestock and farmed fish, and the...

  6. Understanding stakeholders perception towards human-wildlife interaction and conflict in a tiger landscape-complex of India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ronak T. Sripal

    Human-population of the earth exceeding 6 billion and growing at an estimates rate of 1.2% per year (US census Bureau, 2002) will lead to increase in human-wildlife encounters. Attacks on humans are perhaps the least understood of these encounters, but the most interesting and emotionally...

  7. Living With Coyotes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Owen H. Agnew

    Coyotes have been slowly moving into New York State from Canada since the 1930s. They reached Westchester County and the Bronx decades ago, and their numbers have been slowly rising. Sighting in Manhattan reached an all-time high last spring, and pet attacks in Westchester County have increased...

  8. Spatial Concentrations of Wildlife Attacks on Humans in Chitwan National Park, Nepal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aleš Ruda, Jaromír Kolejka, Thakur Silwal

    The study was conducted within and adjacent to Chitwan National Park in Nepal (CNP), where several wildlife species are involved in conflicts with humans. We assessed the spatial relationships between the number of victims/km2 (=victim density or VD) of attack by wildlife (elephant, rhino,...

  9. When Human-Leopard Conflict Turns Deadly: A Cross-Country Situational Analysis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julie S. Viollaz

    Habitat destruction and pollution are two of the main causes for the decline of the planet’s biodiversity. Yet environmentalists are now recognizing that illegal wildlife killings, both poaching and retaliatory killings due to human-wildlife conflict, are perhaps the next major threat....

  10. Understanding Social Dimensions in Wildlife Conservation: Multiple Stakeholder Views

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pimid, Marcela, Mohd Nasir, Mohammad Rusdi, Krishnan, Kumara Thevan, Chambers, Geoffrey K., Ahmad, A. Ghafar, Perijin, Jimli

    Numerous studies show the importance of social understanding in addressing multifaceted conservation issues. Building on a conservation planning framework, this study examines the social dimensions of wildlife conservation in Kinabatangan, Sabah, Malaysia. It employs a qualitative approach by...

  11. Human/wildlife conflict: an overlooked historical context for the UK's bovine TB problem

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angela Cassidy

    The question of whether to cull wild badgers (Meles meles) in order to control the spread of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in cattle has been deeply contentious since infections in the two species were first linked in the 1970s, and is now the subject of an escalating public controversy in the UK....

  12. Black Bears Recolonizing Historic Ranges: Indiana Human–Bear Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bradford J. Westrich, Emily B. McCallen, Geriann Albers

    Over a century after extirpation from Indiana, USA, 2 American black bears (Ursus americanus) were confirmed in the state during the summers of 2015 and 2016. The first bear encountered a public and management agency unaccustomed to living with large carnivores, which resulted in...

  13. Improving Human-Wildlife Interactions by Resolving Human-Wildlife Conflicts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Terry Messmer

  14. Public Perceptions: Risks in Dog and Coastal Wildlife Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ian Banatoski, Bryanna Dellaripa, Samantha Hires, Larissa Naidoo, Elizabeth Rooney

    The New Zealand Department of Conservation is seeking to better manage coastal wildlife interactions as dogs become more prevalent on beaches with vulnerable wildlife. We used site assessments, surveys, and interviews to assess the public’s perceptions of dog-wildlife encounters. Since...

  15. A Review of Contemporary Contraceptives and Sterilization Techniques for Feral Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Albert J. Kane

    This commentary provides a brief review of the history of contraceptive research eff orts for feral horses (Equus ferus caballus) as well as the contraceptives and sterilization techniques currently available for feral horses. Porcine zona pellucida (PZP) immunocontraceptives have received the...

  16. Cooperative Conservation to Enhance Human–wildlife Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Terry A. Messmer

  17. Multiple-use Management of Western U.S. Rangelands: Wild Horses, Wildlife, and Livestock

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rick E. Danvir

    Since 1959, the U.S. Congress has legislated the treatment and management of wild horses (Equus ferus caballus ) and burros (E. asinus ; WHB). While the legislation has ensured WHB a place as western rangeland icons, subsequent congressional actions, in response to public lobbying, have limited...

  18. Species Composition and Temporal Patterns of Wildlife-Vehicle Collisions in Southwest Virginia, USA

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: James A. Vance, Walter H. Smith, Gabrielle L. Smith

    Mitigating wildlife–vehicle collisions (WVCs) is becoming a major wildlife conservation focus, particularly in areas characterized by increased anthropogenic development. Concomitantly, wildlife managers and transportation planners need better information regarding spatiotemporal patterns...

  19. Can the Vaquita Be Saved From Extinction?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gerardo Rodríguez-Quiroz, Wenceslao Valenzuela-Quiñonez, Héctor A. González-Ocampo, Alfredo Ortega-Rubio

    The vaquita (Phocoena sinus) is considered the world’s most endangered marine mammal. It is the smallest member of the porpoise family endemic to the upper part of the Gulf of California. The current population is estimated at less than 30 individuals. The primary reasons for the species...

  20. Contentions at the Human-Wildlife Interface: An Analysis of Chicago's Coyote Management Plan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ilanah Taves

    Urbanization and habitat fragmentation cause animal species to either adjust to human- dominated landscapes or suffer population loss. This paper examines the municipal challenges associated with coyotes, an animal successfully adapting to cities throughout North America. The presence of...