Temporal Variation of Moose–Vehicle Collisions in Alaska
| Contributor(s):: Lucian R. McDonald, Terry A. Messmer, Michael R. Guttery
Collisions between vehicles and wildlife have long been recognized to pose threats to motorists and wildlife populations. In addition to the risk of injury or mortality faced by the motorists involved in wildlife-vehicle collisions (WVCs), other drivers are also put at risk due to road...
The Identification and Application of Generalizable Spatial Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflict
| Contributor(s):: Vivian F. Hawkinson
Many human-wildlife conflict studies focus on one location or one individual species or taxonomic group; fewer comparative studies analyze patterns of conflict across species and regions. As a result, numerous studies report similar conclusions across diverse cases of human-wildlife conflict. I...
Train–Elephant Collisions in a Biodiversity-Rich Landscape: A Case Study from Rajaji National Park, North India
| Contributor(s):: Ritesh Joshi, Kanchan Puri
Linear developments like railways and highways have a negative impact on ecological processes of wildlife species at a landscape level. The impacts in terms of wildlife mortality and threat to surviving populations of species have been well-studied; however, less work has been done to...
Impacts of Elephant Crop-Raiding on Subsistence Farmers and Approaches to Reduce Human-Elephant Farming Conflict in Sagalla, Kenya
| Contributor(s):: Sophia Weinmann
As human and elephant populations grow in Kenya, elephants increasingly leave parks to eat farmers’ crops while foraging, which creates epicenters of human-elephant conflict (HEC). This conflict compromises farmers’ food and economic security, impedes elephant conservation...
Spatial Relationships Between Livestock Guardian Dogs and Mesocarnivores in Central Texas
| Contributor(s):: Nicholas A. Bromen, Justin T. French, John Walker, Nova J. Silvy, John M. Tomeček
The use of livestock guardian dogs (Canis lupus familiaris; LGDs) to deter predators from preying on domestic sheep (Ovis aries) and goat (Capra spp.) herds continues to increase across the United States. Most research regarding the efficacy of LGDs has been based on queries of rancher...
Do Eastern Gray Squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis) use Human-provided Cues to Increase Foraging Success in Urban Landscapes?
| Contributor(s):: Aditya A. Mehta, Jeeva H. Rathnaweera
The coexistence of humans with other animals in urban and suburban areas has given rise to a spectrum of agonistic and beneficial interactions. Animals thriving in urban settings are known to exhibit superior foraging and food extraction abilities compared to their wild conspecifics. This has...
Spatial Associations of Livestock Guardian Dogs and Domestic Sheep
| Contributor(s):: Julie Young, John P. Draper, Daniel Kinka
Livestock guardian dogs (Canis lupus familiaris; LGDs) have been used for centuries to protect livestock, primarily domestic sheep (Ovis aries), from depredation by large carnivores. While previous studies have shown their efficacy, the mechanisms in which LGDs protect livestock have largely...
Fertility Control for Wildlife: A European Perspective
| Contributor(s):: Massei, Giovanna
Trends of human population growth and landscape development in Europe show that wildlife impacts are escalating. Lethal methods, traditionally employed to mitigate these impacts, are often ineffective, environmentally hazardous and face increasing public opposition. Fertility control is...
Did Predator Control Go to the Dogs? A 40-year Retrospective
| Contributor(s):: John M. Tomeček
In 1980, Green and Woodruff published an article entitled, “Is Predator Control Going to the Dogs?” At that time, the use of Livestock Guardian Dogs (hereafter LGDs) was a relatively new wildlife damage management tool in North America. Although this tool passed the test of time in...
A design anthropology approach to understanding human wildlife relationships: Monkeys, local development and participant conservation in southest Costa Rica
| Contributor(s):: Yibo Fan
This project uses a combined methodology of participatory design and ethnographic fieldwork to study human-wildlife relationships and explore better ways to design and implement a monkey crossing bridge in the area of Talamanca, Costa Rica. It also examines how an interdisciplinary methodology...
Hunter and Public Opinions of a Columbian Black-Tailed Deer Population in a Pacific Northwest Island Landscape
| Contributor(s):: Robert P. Wingard, Paul R. Krausman
Management decisions are influenced by public acceptance for wildlife; thus, knowledge of public concerns and management preferences can be an advantage to natural resource decision makers. Wildlife managers with the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife are concerned that the Columbian...
Sustainability in Conservation Activism | Farwiza Farhan | TEDxJakarta
| Contributor(s):: Farwiza Farhan
Farwiza Farhan is the winner of the 2016 Whitley Awards, she works at the Leuser Ecosystem, the only place on earth where four gigantic beasts--orangutans, elephants, tigers, and rhinos still roam the land. After graduating with a master’s degree from the University of Queensland, in 2012...
Wolf Media Coverage in the Region of Castilla y León (Spain): Variations over Time and in Two Contrasting Socio-Ecological Settings
| Contributor(s):: Miguel Delibes-Mateos
People’s attitudes towards large carnivores, and thus public support for their conservation, can be influenced by how these species are framed in the media. Therefore, assessing media coverage of large carnivores is of particular interest for their coexistence with humans. I used content...
Unnatural Pumas and Domestic Foxes: Relations with Protected Predators and Conspiratorial Rumours in Southern Chile
| Contributor(s):: Benavides, P., Caviedes, J.
Human-Wildlife Conflict in and Around Borena Sayint National Park, Northern Ethiopia
| Contributor(s):: Ayenew Biset, Girma Mengesha, Zerihun Girma
We identified causes, impact, and traditional management measures of human– wildlife conflict (HWC) in and around Borena Sayint National Park, Ethiopia. We employed questionnaires, focus group discussions, direct observations, and key informant interviews to collect data. The respondents...
Managing Urban Crow Populations in Japan
| Contributor(s):: Tsuyoshi Yoda
Crow (Corvus spp.) populations are increasing globally. This is cause for concern because overabundant crow populations can damage agricultural crops, harm native wildlife, and become a nuisance in urban areas. In Japan, the carrion (C. corone) and large-billed crow (C. macrorhynchos) can...
Wild Animal Suffering and the Laissez-Faire Intuition
| Contributor(s):: Beka Jalagania
Are we required to assist wild animals suffering due to natural causes? The laissez-faire intuition (LFI) says that we are not. On this view, although we may have special duties to assist wild animals, there are no general requirements to care for them. In this...
Animal Welfare in Predator Control: Lessons from Land and Sea. How the Management of Terrestrial and Marine Mammals Impacts Wild Animal Welfare in Human–Wildlife Conflict Scenarios in Europe
| Contributor(s):: Laetitia Nunny
The control of predators, on land and in the sea, is a complex topic. Both marine and terrestrial mammal predators come into conflict with humans in Europe in many ways and yet their situations are rarely compared. Areas of conflict include the predation of livestock and farmed fish, and the...
Understanding stakeholders perception towards human-wildlife interaction and conflict in a tiger landscape-complex of India
| Contributor(s):: Ronak T. Sripal
Human-population of the earth exceeding 6 billion and growing at an estimates rate of 1.2% per year (US census Bureau, 2002) will lead to increase in human-wildlife encounters. Attacks on humans are perhaps the least understood of these encounters, but the most interesting and emotionally...
Living With Coyotes
| Contributor(s):: Owen H. Agnew
Coyotes have been slowly moving into New York State from Canada since the 1930s. They reached Westchester County and the Bronx decades ago, and their numbers have been slowly rising. Sighting in Manhattan reached an all-time high last spring, and pet attacks in Westchester County have increased...