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  1. Spatial Concentrations of Wildlife Attacks on Humans in Chitwan National Park, Nepal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aleš Ruda, Jaromír Kolejka, Thakur Silwal

    The study was conducted within and adjacent to Chitwan National Park in Nepal (CNP), where several wildlife species are involved in conflicts with humans. We assessed the spatial relationships between the number of victims/km2 (=victim density or VD) of attack by wildlife (elephant, rhino,...

  2. When Human-Leopard Conflict Turns Deadly: A Cross-Country Situational Analysis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julie S. Viollaz

    Habitat destruction and pollution are two of the main causes for the decline of the planet’s biodiversity. Yet environmentalists are now recognizing that illegal wildlife killings, both poaching and retaliatory killings due to human-wildlife conflict, are perhaps the next major threat....

  3. Understanding Social Dimensions in Wildlife Conservation: Multiple Stakeholder Views

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pimid, Marcela, Mohd Nasir, Mohammad Rusdi, Krishnan, Kumara Thevan, Chambers, Geoffrey K., Ahmad, A. Ghafar, Perijin, Jimli

    Numerous studies show the importance of social understanding in addressing multifaceted conservation issues. Building on a conservation planning framework, this study examines the social dimensions of wildlife conservation in Kinabatangan, Sabah, Malaysia. It employs a qualitative approach by...

  4. Human/wildlife conflict: an overlooked historical context for the UK's bovine TB problem

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angela Cassidy

    The question of whether to cull wild badgers (Meles meles) in order to control the spread of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in cattle has been deeply contentious since infections in the two species were first linked in the 1970s, and is now the subject of an escalating public controversy in the UK....

  5. Black Bears Recolonizing Historic Ranges: Indiana Human–Bear Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bradford J. Westrich, Emily B. McCallen, Geriann Albers

    Over a century after extirpation from Indiana, USA, 2 American black bears (Ursus americanus) were confirmed in the state during the summers of 2015 and 2016. The first bear encountered a public and management agency unaccustomed to living with large carnivores, which resulted in...

  6. Improving Human-Wildlife Interactions by Resolving Human-Wildlife Conflicts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Terry Messmer

  7. Public Perceptions: Risks in Dog and Coastal Wildlife Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ian Banatoski, Bryanna Dellaripa, Samantha Hires, Larissa Naidoo, Elizabeth Rooney

    The New Zealand Department of Conservation is seeking to better manage coastal wildlife interactions as dogs become more prevalent on beaches with vulnerable wildlife. We used site assessments, surveys, and interviews to assess the public’s perceptions of dog-wildlife encounters. Since...

  8. A Review of Contemporary Contraceptives and Sterilization Techniques for Feral Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Albert J. Kane

    This commentary provides a brief review of the history of contraceptive research eff orts for feral horses (Equus ferus caballus) as well as the contraceptives and sterilization techniques currently available for feral horses. Porcine zona pellucida (PZP) immunocontraceptives have received the...

  9. Cooperative Conservation to Enhance Human–wildlife Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Terry A. Messmer

  10. Multiple-use Management of Western U.S. Rangelands: Wild Horses, Wildlife, and Livestock

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rick E. Danvir

    Since 1959, the U.S. Congress has legislated the treatment and management of wild horses (Equus ferus caballus ) and burros (E. asinus ; WHB). While the legislation has ensured WHB a place as western rangeland icons, subsequent congressional actions, in response to public lobbying, have limited...

  11. Species Composition and Temporal Patterns of Wildlife-Vehicle Collisions in Southwest Virginia, USA

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: James A. Vance, Walter H. Smith, Gabrielle L. Smith

    Mitigating wildlife–vehicle collisions (WVCs) is becoming a major wildlife conservation focus, particularly in areas characterized by increased anthropogenic development. Concomitantly, wildlife managers and transportation planners need better information regarding spatiotemporal patterns...

  12. Can the Vaquita Be Saved From Extinction?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gerardo Rodríguez-Quiroz, Wenceslao Valenzuela-Quiñonez, Héctor A. González-Ocampo, Alfredo Ortega-Rubio

    The vaquita (Phocoena sinus) is considered the world’s most endangered marine mammal. It is the smallest member of the porpoise family endemic to the upper part of the Gulf of California. The current population is estimated at less than 30 individuals. The primary reasons for the species...

  13. Contentions at the Human-Wildlife Interface: An Analysis of Chicago's Coyote Management Plan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ilanah Taves

    Urbanization and habitat fragmentation cause animal species to either adjust to human- dominated landscapes or suffer population loss. This paper examines the municipal challenges associated with coyotes, an animal successfully adapting to cities throughout North America. The presence of...

  14. The Demography and Practice of Australians Caring for Native Wildlife and the Psychological, Physical and Financial Effects of Rescue, Rehabilitation and Release of Wildlife on the Welfare of Carers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bruce Englefield, Steve Candy, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy

    The rescue, rehabilitation and release of injured and orphaned Australian wildlife is managed by over 20,000 carers, mostly voluntarily. These volunteers experience mental, physical and financial challenges that have not been researched adequately. This study collated the responses (n =...

  15. Sustainable Safari Practices: Proximity to Wildlife, Educational Intervention and the Quality of Experience

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ryan Devine Tarver

    This research examines the perceived quality of experience for safari tourists in relation to wildlife viewing proximities and the potential of educational interventions as a management strategy to mitigate adverse impacts of safari participant crowding. Crowding emanates from the safari...

  16. Bipartite networks improve understanding of effects of waterbody size and angling method on angler-fish interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher J. Chizinski, Dustin R. Martin, Daizaburo Shizuka, Kevin L. Pope

    Networks used to study interactions could provide insights to fisheries. We compiled data from 27 297 interviews of anglers across waterbodies that ranged in size from 1 to 12 113 ha. Catch rates of fish species among anglers grouped by species targeted generally differed between angling...

  17. Wildlife as Pets: Reshaping Public Perceptions Through Targeted Communication

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rosanna M. Vail

  18. Changes in Tursiops truncatus Distribution and Behavior in the Drowned Cayes, Belize, and Correlation to Human Impacts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jazmin Garcia

    Human interaction greatly influences the behavior and distribution of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). This project focuses on the distribution and behavior of bottlenose dolphins in the Drowned Cayes, Belize. Prior to the 2000s, the area was relatively undeveloped and undisturbed and...

  19. Status and Magnitude of Grey Wolf Conflict with Pastoral Communities in the Foothills of the Hindu Kush Region of Pakistan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tauheed Ullah Khan, Xiaofeng Luan, Shahid Ahmad, Abdul Mannan, Waqif Khan, Abdul Aziz Khan, Barkat Ullah Khan, Emad Ud Din, Suman Bhattarai, Sher Shah, Sajjad Saeed, Ummay Amara

    Pastoralist–wolf conflict over livestock depredation is the main factor affecting conservation of grey wolf worldwide. Very limited research has been carried out to evaluate the pattern and nature of livestock depredation by wolf. This study aims to determine the status and nature of...

  20. Surgical sterilization impacts on behavior of coyote pairs

    | Contributor(s):: Leary, Tyler, Schultz, Jeffrey T., Young, Julie K.