Space use by resident and transient coyotes in an urban–rural landscape mosaic
| Contributor(s):: Numi Mitchell, MichaelW. Strohbach, Ralph Pratt, Wendy C. Finn, Eric G. Strauss
Context. Coyotes (Canis latrans) have adapted successfully to human landscape alteration in the past 150 years and in recent decades have successfully moved into urban areas. While this causes concern about human–wildlife conflicts, research also suggests that coyotes tend to avoid humans...
Variability and Change in Maasai Views of Wildlife and the Implications for Conservation
| Contributor(s):: Western, David, Manzolillo Nightingale, D. L., Mose, Victor Nyaliki, Johnson, Ole Sipitiek, Kimiti, Kennedy S.
An ounce of prevention: Quantifying the effects of non-lethal tools on wolf behavior
| Contributor(s):: Much, Rebecca M., Breck, Stewart W., Lance, Nathan J., Callahan, Peggy
Human-carnivore conflict is presently on the rise as human populations continue to grow and carnivore conservation efforts gain precedence. The behaviors exhibited by carnivores that cause conflict are often learned; therefore, reducing learning potential though the use of non-lethal tools is...
Assessing Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflicts and Compensation around a Central Indian Protected Area
| Contributor(s):: Krithi K. Karanth, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy, Ruth DeFries, Natasha Ballal
Mitigating crop and livestock loss to wildlife and improving compensation distribution are important for conservation efforts in landscapes where people and wildlife co-occur outside protected areas. The lack of rigorously collected spatial data poses a challenge to management efforts to...
Wildlife Encounters by Lewis and Clark: A Spatial Analysis of Interactions between Native Americans and Wildlife
| Contributor(s):: Andrea S. Laliberte, William J. Ripple
The Lewis and Clark journals contain some of the earliest and most detailed written descriptions of a large part of the United States before Euro-American settlement. We used the journal entries to assess the influence of humans on wildlife distribution and abundance. Areas with denser human...
Depredatory impact of free-roaming dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) on Mediterranean deer in southern Spain: implications for the human-wolf conflict.
| Contributor(s):: J. Duarte, F.J. Garcia, JE Fa
Feral dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are efficient wild ungulate hunters in many parts of the world. This has not been confirmed in Mediterranean ecosystems. However, if feral dogs can predate upon wild Mediterranean ungulates, they can also do so upon livestock. Therefore, to more realistically...
Dingoes at the Doorstep: Home Range Sizes and Activity Patterns of Dingoes and Other Wild Dogs around Urban Areas of North-Eastern Australia
| Contributor(s):: Alice T. McNeill, Luke K.P. Leung, Mark S. Goullet, Matthew N. Gentle, Benjamin L. Allen
Top-predators around the world are becoming increasingly intertwined with humans, sometimes causing conﬂict and increasing safety risks in urban areas. In Australia, dingoes and dingo×domesticdoghybridsarecommoninmanyurbanareas,andposeavarietyofhumanhealth and safety risks. However, data on...
Can Citizen Science Assist in Determining Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) Presence in a Declining Population?
| Contributor(s):: Emily Flower, Darryl Jones, Lilia Bernede
The acceptance and application of citizen science has risen over the last 10 years, with this rise likely attributed to an increase in public awareness surrounding anthropogenic impacts affecting urban ecosystems. Citizen science projects have the potential to expand upon data collected by...
"Vicious, Aggressive Bird Stalks Cyclist": The Australian Magpie (Cracticus tibicen) in the News
| Contributor(s):: Kitty van Vuuren, Scott O' Keefe, Darryl N. Jones
The Australian Magpie ( Cracticus tibicen ) is a common bird found in urban Australian environments where its nest defense behavior during spring brings it into conflict with humans. This article explores the role of print media in covering this conflict. Leximancer software was used to analyze...
Cecil: A Moment or a Movement? Analysis of Media Coverage of the Death of a Lion, Panthera leo
| Contributor(s):: David W. Macdonald, Kim S. Jacobsen, Dawn Burnham, Paul J. Johnson, Andrew J. Loveridge
The killing of a satellite-tagged male lion by a trophy hunter in Zimbabwe in July 2015 provoked an unprecedented media reaction. We analyse the global media response to the trophy hunting of the lion, nicknamed “Cecil”, a study animal in a long-term project run by Oxford...
Wild-But-Not-Too-Wild Animals: Challenging Goldilocks Standards in Rewilding
| Contributor(s):: Erica von Essen, Michael P. Allen
Rewilding is positioned as ‘post’-conservation through its emphasis on unleashing the autonomy of natural processes. In this paper, we argue that the autonomy of nature rhetoric in rewilding is challenged by human interventions. Instead of joining critique toward the ‘managed...
Waiting for Wolves in Japan: An Anthropological Study of People-Wildlife Relations
| Contributor(s):: John Knight
Detusking Fence-Breaker Elephants as an Approach in Human-Elephant Conflict Mitigation
| Contributor(s):: Matthew Mutinda, Geoffrey Chenge, Francis Gakuya, Moses Otiende, Patrick Omondi, Samuel Kasiki, Ramon C. Soriguer, Samer Alasaad
BackgroundHuman-elephant conflict (HEC) is a recurring problem that appears wherever the range of elephants and humans overlap. Different methods including the use of electric fences are used worldwide to mitigate this conflict. Nonetheless, elephants learn quickly that their tusks do not conduct...
First reported case of fatal tuberculosis in a wild African elephant with past human-wildlife contact
| Contributor(s):: Vincent Obanda, J. Poghon, M. Yongo, I. Mulei, M. Ngotho, K. Waititu, J. Makumi, F. Gakuya, P. Omondi, R.C. Soriguer, S. Alasaad
Tuberculosis is emerging/re-emerging in captive elephant populations, where it causes morbidity and deaths, although no case of TB in wild African elephants has been reported. In this paper we report the first case of fatal TB in an African elephant in the wild. The infection with Mycobacterium...
Sociocultural aspects of attitudes toward marine animals: a focus group analysis
| Contributor(s):: Unna Lassiter, Jennifer R. Wolch
In geographic research of the past decade, the understanding of nature-society relations has broadened to include ideas about our relationship with and attitudes toward animals. In this study, we explore the relationship between attitudes toward marine animals and...
Locating human-wildlife interactions: landscape constructions and responses to large carnivore conservation in India and Norway
| Contributor(s):: Sunetro Ghosal, Ketil Skogen, Siddhartha Krishnan
People’s reactions to large carnivores take many forms, ranging from support and coexistence to resistance and conflict. While these reactions are the outcome of many different factors, in this paper we specifically explore the link between social constructions of landscapes and divergent...
Big Cats in Our Backyards: Persistence of Large Carnivores in a Human Dominated Landscape in India
| Contributor(s):: Vidya Athreya, Morten Odden, John D.C. Linnell, Jagdish Krishnaswamy, Ullas Karanth
Protected areas are extremely important for the long term viability of biodiversity in a densely populated country like India where land is a scarce resource. However, protected areas cover only 5% of the land area in India and in the case of large carnivores that range widely, human use...
Human behaviour can trigger large carnivore attacks in developed countries
| Contributor(s):: Vincenzo Penteriani, Maria del Mar Delgado, Franceso Pinchera, Javier Naves, Alberto Fernandez-Gil, Ilpo Kojola, Sauli Harkonen, Harri Norberg, Jens Frank, Jose Maria Fedriani, Veronica Sahlen, Ole Gunnar Stoen, Jon E. Swenson, Peter Wabakken, Mario Pellegrini, Stephen Herrero, Jose Vincente Lopez-Bao
The media and scientific literature are increasingly reporting an escalation of large carnivore attacks on humans in North America and Europe. Although rare compared to human fatalities by other wildlife, the media often overplay large carnivore attacks on humans, causing increased fear and...
Foraging ecology of black bears in urban environments : guidance for human-bear conflict mitigation
| Contributor(s):: D.L. Lewis, S. Baruch-Mordo, K.R. Wilson, S.W. Breck, J.S. Mao, J. Broderick
Urban environments offer wildlife novel anthropogenic resources that vary spatiotemporally at fine scales. Property damage, economic losses, human injury, or other human-wildlife conflicts can occur when wildlife use these resources; however, few studies have examined urban wildlife resource...
Winter habitat associations of blackbirds and starlings wintering in the south-central United States
| Contributor(s):: Strassburg, Matthew, Crimmins, Shawn M., Linz, George M., McKann, Patrick C., Thogmartin, Wayne E.