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Tags: human-wildlife interactions

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  1. Hunter and Public Opinions of a Columbian Black-Tailed Deer Population in a Pacific Northwest Island Landscape

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert P. Wingard, Paul R. Krausman

    Management decisions are influenced by public acceptance for wildlife; thus, knowledge of public concerns and management preferences can be an advantage to natural resource decision makers. Wildlife managers with the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife are concerned that the Columbian...

  2. Wolf Media Coverage in the Region of Castilla y León (Spain): Variations over Time and in Two Contrasting Socio-Ecological Settings

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miguel Delibes-Mateos

    People’s attitudes towards large carnivores, and thus public support for their conservation, can be influenced by how these species are framed in the media. Therefore, assessing media coverage of large carnivores is of particular interest for their coexistence with humans. I used content...

  3. Unnatural Pumas and Domestic Foxes: Relations with Protected Predators and Conspiratorial Rumours in Southern Chile

    | Contributor(s):: Benavides, P., Caviedes, J.

  4. Human-Wildlife Conflict in and Around Borena Sayint National Park, Northern Ethiopia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ayenew Biset, Girma Mengesha, Zerihun Girma

    We identified causes, impact, and traditional management measures of human– wildlife conflict (HWC) in and around Borena Sayint National Park, Ethiopia. We employed questionnaires, focus group discussions, direct observations, and key informant interviews to collect data. The respondents...

  5. Managing Urban Crow Populations in Japan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tsuyoshi Yoda

    Crow (Corvus spp.) populations are increasing globally. This is cause for concern because overabundant crow populations can damage agricultural crops, harm native wildlife, and become a nuisance in urban areas. In Japan, the carrion (C. corone) and large-billed crow (C. macrorhynchos) can...

  6. Wild Animal Suffering and the Laissez-Faire Intuition

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Beka Jalagania

    Are we required to assist wild animals suffering due to natural causes? The laissez-faire intuition (LFI) says that we are not. On this view, although we may have special duties to assist wild animals, there are no general requirements to care for them. In this...

  7. Animal Welfare in Predator Control: Lessons from Land and Sea. How the Management of Terrestrial and Marine Mammals Impacts Wild Animal Welfare in Human–Wildlife Conflict Scenarios in Europe

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laetitia Nunny

    The control of predators, on land and in the sea, is a complex topic. Both marine and terrestrial mammal predators come into conflict with humans in Europe in many ways and yet their situations are rarely compared. Areas of conflict include the predation of livestock and farmed fish, and the...

  8. Spatial Concentrations of Wildlife Attacks on Humans in Chitwan National Park, Nepal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aleš Ruda, Jaromír Kolejka, Thakur Silwal

    The study was conducted within and adjacent to Chitwan National Park in Nepal (CNP), where several wildlife species are involved in conflicts with humans. We assessed the spatial relationships between the number of victims/km2 (=victim density or VD) of attack by wildlife (elephant, rhino,...

  9. Understanding Social Dimensions in Wildlife Conservation: Multiple Stakeholder Views

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pimid, Marcela, Mohd Nasir, Mohammad Rusdi, Krishnan, Kumara Thevan, Chambers, Geoffrey K., Ahmad, A. Ghafar, Perijin, Jimli

    Numerous studies show the importance of social understanding in addressing multifaceted conservation issues. Building on a conservation planning framework, this study examines the social dimensions of wildlife conservation in Kinabatangan, Sabah, Malaysia. It employs a qualitative approach by...

  10. Black Bears Recolonizing Historic Ranges: Indiana Human–Bear Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bradford J. Westrich, Emily B. McCallen, Geriann Albers

    Over a century after extirpation from Indiana, USA, 2 American black bears (Ursus americanus) were confirmed in the state during the summers of 2015 and 2016. The first bear encountered a public and management agency unaccustomed to living with large carnivores, which resulted in...

  11. Improving Human-Wildlife Interactions by Resolving Human-Wildlife Conflicts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Terry Messmer

  12. A Review of Contemporary Contraceptives and Sterilization Techniques for Feral Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Albert J. Kane

    This commentary provides a brief review of the history of contraceptive research eff orts for feral horses (Equus ferus caballus) as well as the contraceptives and sterilization techniques currently available for feral horses. Porcine zona pellucida (PZP) immunocontraceptives have received the...

  13. Cooperative Conservation to Enhance Human–wildlife Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Terry A. Messmer

  14. Multiple-use Management of Western U.S. Rangelands: Wild Horses, Wildlife, and Livestock

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rick E. Danvir

    Since 1959, the U.S. Congress has legislated the treatment and management of wild horses (Equus ferus caballus ) and burros (E. asinus ; WHB). While the legislation has ensured WHB a place as western rangeland icons, subsequent congressional actions, in response to public lobbying, have limited...

  15. Species Composition and Temporal Patterns of Wildlife-Vehicle Collisions in Southwest Virginia, USA

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: James A. Vance, Walter H. Smith, Gabrielle L. Smith

    Mitigating wildlife–vehicle collisions (WVCs) is becoming a major wildlife conservation focus, particularly in areas characterized by increased anthropogenic development. Concomitantly, wildlife managers and transportation planners need better information regarding spatiotemporal patterns...

  16. Can the Vaquita Be Saved From Extinction?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gerardo Rodríguez-Quiroz, Wenceslao Valenzuela-Quiñonez, Héctor A. González-Ocampo, Alfredo Ortega-Rubio

    The vaquita (Phocoena sinus) is considered the world’s most endangered marine mammal. It is the smallest member of the porpoise family endemic to the upper part of the Gulf of California. The current population is estimated at less than 30 individuals. The primary reasons for the species...

  17. The Demography and Practice of Australians Caring for Native Wildlife and the Psychological, Physical and Financial Effects of Rescue, Rehabilitation and Release of Wildlife on the Welfare of Carers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bruce Englefield, Steve Candy, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy

    The rescue, rehabilitation and release of injured and orphaned Australian wildlife is managed by over 20,000 carers, mostly voluntarily. These volunteers experience mental, physical and financial challenges that have not been researched adequately. This study collated the responses (n =...

  18. Bipartite networks improve understanding of effects of waterbody size and angling method on angler-fish interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher J. Chizinski, Dustin R. Martin, Daizaburo Shizuka, Kevin L. Pope

    Networks used to study interactions could provide insights to fisheries. We compiled data from 27 297 interviews of anglers across waterbodies that ranged in size from 1 to 12 113 ha. Catch rates of fish species among anglers grouped by species targeted generally differed between angling...

  19. Wildlife as Pets: Reshaping Public Perceptions Through Targeted Communication

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rosanna M. Vail

  20. Status and Magnitude of Grey Wolf Conflict with Pastoral Communities in the Foothills of the Hindu Kush Region of Pakistan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tauheed Ullah Khan, Xiaofeng Luan, Shahid Ahmad, Abdul Mannan, Waqif Khan, Abdul Aziz Khan, Barkat Ullah Khan, Emad Ud Din, Suman Bhattarai, Sher Shah, Sajjad Saeed, Ummay Amara

    Pastoralist–wolf conflict over livestock depredation is the main factor affecting conservation of grey wolf worldwide. Very limited research has been carried out to evaluate the pattern and nature of livestock depredation by wolf. This study aims to determine the status and nature of...