'Freedom from hunger' and preventing obesity: The animal welfare implications of reducing food quantity or quality
A test of sows' willingness to nurse
Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Jensen, K. H.
The aim of the study was to validate a test for willingness of sows to nurse to find a test situation in which maximum variation in the nursing motivation of sows was displayed. The factors considered were the interval since last successful nursing, level of hunger of the sow and activity of the...
Agricultural development and associated environmental and ethical issues in South Asia
Contributor(s):: Khan, M. A., Shah, S. A. A.
South Asia is one of the most densely populated regions of the world, where despite a slow growth, agriculture remains the backbone of rural economy as it employs one half to over 90 percent of the labor force. Both extensive and intensive policy measures for agriculture development to feed the...
Animal welfare: European legislation and future perspectives
Contributor(s):: Bonafos, L., Simonin, D., Gavinelli, A.
Assessing the effect of rate and extent of starch digestion in broiler and laying hen feeding behaviour
Contributor(s):: Herwig, Eugenia, Classen, Henry L., Schwean-Lardner, Karen V.
Feeding behaviour can be affected by diet composition as a result of diet density, the rate and extent of ingredient digestion and the activation of nutrient sensing mechanisms. It was hypothezised that the presence of starch in the distal small intestine would activate the ileal brake, thereby...
Attitudes of Canadian beef producers toward animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Spooner, J. M., Schuppli, C. A., Fraser, D.
As part of a larger project to determine if there are animal-welfare-related values shared by some commercial food–animal producers and non-producers in Canada, open-ended, semi-structured interviews were conducted to elicit opinions about animal welfare among 24 urban and rural residents...
Behavioural indicators of hunger in dairy calves
| Contributor(s):: Vieira, A. de P., Guesdon, V., Passille, A. M. de, Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Weary, D. M.
Dairy calves are typically fed only about half of their ad libitum milk intake and are highly motivated to drink more milk. The aim of the current study was to describe the behaviours associated with milk hunger in dairy calves, by comparing animals fed restricted quantities of milk (two milk...
Behavioural responses by dairy cows provided two hays of contrasting quality at dry-off
| Contributor(s):: Valizaheh, R., Veira, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
A typical dairy cow lactation cycle consists of 305 days of lactation followed by a 40-60 day period where she is not lactating (dry period). There is considerable variation in the procedures used to bring the lactation to an end (dry-off); however, commonly a combination of reduced milking...
Conditioned place preference or aversion as animal welfare assessment tools: Limitations in their application
| Contributor(s):: Dixon, Laura M., Sandilands, Vicky, Bateson, Melissa, Brocklehurst, Sarah, Tolkamp, Bert J., D’Eath, Rick B.
Conditioned place preference (CPP) or aversion (CPA) methods are potentially useful tools in animal welfare assessment because they permit measurement of the reinforcing properties of a stimulus in the absence of the stimulus itself. We used CPP/CPA techniques in a series of experiments to assess...
Cross-sucking by dairy calves may become a habit or reflect characteristics of individual calves more than milk allowance or weaning
| Contributor(s):: de Passillé, Anne Marie, Borderas, Fernando, Rushen, Jeffrey
To examine the effects of milk allowance and weaning age on cross-sucking, 45 dairy calves were housed in groups of nine and fed milk and grain-based starter feed from automated feeders and allocated to three treatment groups: (A) Low-Milk Early-Weaned (fed 6L/d of milk until weaned at 47 d of...
Do dietary and milking frequency changes during a gradual dry-off affect feed-related attention bias and visual lateralisation in dairy cows?
| Contributor(s):: Franchi, Guilherme Amorim, Herskin, Mette S., Jensen, Margit Bak
A widespread management practice in commercial dairy farms is to stop milk production artificially commonly 2 months before expected calving, in a process termed drying-off. Dry-off management normally encompasses dietary changes as well as abrupt or gradual changes in daily milking frequency,...
Does diversionary feeding create nuisance bears and jeopardize public safety?
| Contributor(s):: Rogers, L. L.
Effect of dietary fibre type on physical activity and behaviour in kennelled dogs
| Contributor(s):: Bosch, G., Beerda, B., Hoek, E. van de, Hesta, M., Poel, A. F. B. van der, Janssens, G. P. J., Hendriks, W. H.
Dog diets may differ in their effectiveness of maintaining satiety after a meal. Consequently, sensations of hunger, feeding motivation, physical activity, and sensitivity to environmental stressors may be increased. Dietary fibre may be effective in prolonging postprandial satiety depending on...
Effect of feed allowance at pasture on lying behaviour and locomotory ability of dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Lewis, E., Kennedy, E.
In temperate climates where cows are primarily managed at pasture shortages of grass could result in nutritional deficits for the cow and thus pose a challenge to her welfare. This study investigated the effect of daily herbage allowance (DHA) on dairy cow lying behaviour, locomotory ability, and...
Effect of scattered feeding and feeding twice a day during rearing on indicators of hunger and frustration in broiler breeders
| Contributor(s):: Jong, I. C. de, Fillerup, M., Blokhuis, H. J.
Broiler breeders are routinely fed restricted during rearing which has a major negative effect on their welfare. They suffer from hunger and frustration from thwarting of feeding. The aim of this experiment was therefore to study if broiler breeder welfare can be improved by changes in the...
Effects of different dietary protein levels during rearing and different dietary energy levels during lay on behaviour and feather cover in broiler breeder females
| Contributor(s):: Emous, R. A. van, Kwakkel, R., Krimpen, M. van, Hendriks, W.
An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of different dietary protein levels during rearing and different dietary energy levels during lay on behaviour and feather cover in broiler breeder females. A 2*3*2 factorial arrangement of treatments was used. A total of 2880 Ross 308...
Effects of qualitative feed restriction in broiler breeder pullets on behaviour in the home environment
| Contributor(s):: Riber, Anja B., Tahamtani, Fernanda M., Steenfeldt, Sanna
2021Applied Animal Behaviour Science2351052250168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2021.105225text
Equine welfare and ethics
| Contributor(s):: Rollin, B.
Ethics of feeding: the omnivore dilemma
| Contributor(s):: Kasanen, I. H. E., Sorensen, D. B., Forkman, B., Sandoe, P.
The way in which animals are fed is an important aspect of their welfare. Not only does food provide the energy and nutrients vital for survival, but feeding is also associated with a number of other factors contributing to the well-being of animals. The feeding method can determine the animals'...
Exposing violences: using women's human rights theory to reconceptualize food rights
| Contributor(s):: Bellows, A. C.
Exposing food violences (hunger, malnutrition, and poisoning from environmental mismanagement) requires policy action that confronts the structured invisibility of these violences. Along with the hidden deprivation of food is the physical and political isolation of critical knowledge on food...