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  1. Illegal Wildlife Hunting and Trade in Southern Belize: An Assessment of Impacts and Drivers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Blakely Rice

    The use of wildlife as a resource is a common practice in all countries around the world, however, illegal activities are contributing to various environmental and social altercations amongst the involved communities and individuals, both directly and indirectly. This has led to the generalized...

  2. Between Subsistence Hunting and Environmental Sustainability: Conservation and Social Reproduction in the Northeast of Uruguay

    | Contributor(s):: Chouhy, Magdalena, Dabezies, Juan Martin

  3. Behavioural Plasticity by Eastern Grey Kangaroos in Response to Human Behaviour

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caitlin M. Austin, Daniel Ramp

    Sharing landscapes with humans is an increasingly fraught challenge for wildlife across the globe. While some species benefit from humans by exploiting novel opportunities (e.g., provision of resources or removal of competitors or predators), many wildlife experience harmful effects, either...

  4. Hunting as a Management Tool? Cougar-Human Conflict is Positively Related to Trophy Hunting

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristine J. Teichman, Bogdan Cristescu, Chris T. Darimont

    Background: Overexploitation and persecution of large carnivores resulting from conflict with humans comprise major causes of declines worldwide. Although little is known about the interplay between these mortality types, hunting of predators remains a common management strategy aimed at...

  5. Conservation and Hunting: Till Death Do They Part? A Legal Ethnography of Deer Management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Irus Braverman

    Claims that hunters are exemplar conservationists would likely come as a surprise to many. Hunters, after all, kill animals. Isn’t there a better way to appreciate wildlife than to kill and consume it? Yet there is no mistake: wildlife managers frequently make the claim that hunters, in...

  6. Steel-Jawed Leghold Traps and Killing Neck Snares: Similar Injuries Command Change to Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards

    | Contributor(s):: Proulx, Gilbert, Rodtka, Dwight

    According to the Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS), which was signed by the European Community, Canada, and Russia in 1997, killing devices used for the capture of canids and other fur-bearing nonhuman animals should render an animal irreversibly unconscious within 300...

  7. The Vulture in the Sky and the Hominin on the Land: Three Million Years of Human–Vulture Interaction

    | Contributor(s):: Morelli, Federico, Kubicka, Anna Maria, Tryjanowski, Piotr, Nelson, Emma

    Vultures and humans have been sympatric for millions of years and evidence from the archaeological and historical records suggests interdependence over long periods. Like other species, early hominins probably used these birds to locate carcasses in the landscape. With the evolution of...

  8. Foraging Performance, Prosociality, and Kin Presence Do Not Predict Lifetime Reproductive Success in Batek Hunter-Gatherers

    | Contributor(s):: Kraft, Thomas S., Venkataraman, Vivek V., Tacey, Ivan, Dominy, Nathaniel J., Endicott, Kirk M.

  9. Xenotransplantation, Subsistence Hunting and the Pursuit of Health: Lessons for Animal Rights-Based Vegan Advocacy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nathan M. Nobis

    I argue that, contrary to what Tom Regan suggests, his rights view implies that subsistence hunting is wrong, that is, killing animals for food is wrong even when they are the only available food source, since doing so violates animal rights. We can see that subsistence hunting is wrong on...

  10. Beaver management in Norway : a model for continental Europe?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Howard Parker, Frank Rosell

    While Norway has been managing beaver (Castor fiber) for more than 150 years, most central European countries have little experience and none are presently harvesting beaver, despite rapidly growing populations and conflicts. Here we present the Norwegian beaver management model as an example....

  11. Criminalising the right to hunt: European law perspectives on anti-hunting legislation

    | Contributor(s):: Nurse, Angus

  12. Perceptions of Hunting and Hunters by U.S. Respondents

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth Byrd, John G. Lee, NIcole J. Olynk Widmar

    Public acceptance of hunting and hunting practices is an important human dimension of wildlife management in the United States. Researchers surveyed 825 U.S. residents in an online questionnaire about their views of hunting, hunters, and hunting practices. Eighty-seven percent of respondents from...

  13. Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.

    It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...

  14. Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans

    | Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...

  15. 'A pig is a person' or 'You can love a fox and hunt it': innovation and tradition in the discursive representation of animals

    | Contributor(s):: Guy Cook

    In contemporary urban society animals have been erased in many people's lives (Stibbe 2012, 2014). They are generally encountered only as meat, pets, pests, or vicariously in fiction and documentaries; yet the relation of humans to other animals is a matter of pressing environmental, social,...

  16. Cecil: A Moment or a Movement? Analysis of Media Coverage of the Death of a Lion, Panthera leo

    | Contributor(s):: David W. Macdonald, Kim S. Jacobsen, Dawn Burnham, Paul J. Johnson, Andrew J. Loveridge

    The killing of a satellite-tagged male lion by a trophy hunter in Zimbabwe in July 2015 provoked an unprecedented media reaction. We analyse the global media response to the trophy hunting of the lion, nicknamed “Cecil”, a study animal in a long-term project run by Oxford...

  17. Prehistoric reindeer hunting in the southern Norwegian highlands

    | Contributor(s):: Sveinung Bang-Andersen

    In contrast to the European alpine areas and lowland plains, where Rangifer tarandus L. became extinct during the final Late Glacial, the species has survived in a wild state in relatively unchanged natural environments in parts of the southern Norwegian highlands. As a consequence, reindeer...

  18. Alternative Methods of Controlling Wildlife Populations

    | Contributor(s):: Lindsay Aspin, Chantel McDowell, Rebecca Rocha, Julie M. Fagan

    Every year New Jersey sets aside several days for a state-sponsored black bear hunt. We feel that this hunt is unnecessary, and that proper human behaviors will change black bear behavior, and ultimately decrease human-bear interactions. This way, humans are at peace, and bears are at peace, and...

  19. Hunting Bambi : evaluating the basis for selective harvesting of juveniles

    | Contributor(s):: Jos M. Milner, Christophe Bonefant, Atle Mysterud

    Human harvesting is often a major mortality factor and, hence, an important proximate factor driving the population dynamics of large mammals. Several selective harvesting regimes focus on removing animals with low reproductive value, such as “antlered” harvests in North America and...

  20. The impact of a wolf conservation project on attitudes of the public, hunters and farmers toward wolves in Slovenia

    | Contributor(s):: Jasna Mulej Tlhaolang

    For successful conservation of large carnivores, charismatic and controversial species, ensuring human tolerance is essential. Therefore, wolf conservation projects aim to improve both the biological and socio-political conditions. I used a mixed methods approach to explore the effectiveness of a...