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  1. Aromatic Profile, Physicochemical and Sensory Traits of Dry-Fermented Sausages Produced without Nitrites Using Pork from Krškopolje Pig Reared in Organic and Conventional Husbandry

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Martin Škrlep, Marjeta Cˇ andek-Potokar, Nina Batorek-Lukac, Urška Tomažin, Mónica Flores

    Dry-fermented sausages were produced in a traditional way, without addition of nitrites and starter cultures, from meat of an autochthonous breed (Krškopolje pig) raised either in a conventional indoor or organic husbandry system. Physicochemical and sensory analyses were performed at...

  2. Comparison of Vocalization Patterns in Piglets Which Were Crushed to Those Which Underwent Human Restraint

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nichole M. Chapel, Jeffrey R. Lucas, Scott Radcliffe, Kara R. Stewart, Donald C. Lay Jr.

    : Though many studies focused on piglet crushing utilizing piglet vocalizations to test sow response, none have verified the properties of test vocalizations against actual crushing events. Ten sows were observed 48 h after parturition, and crushing events were recorded from all sows. When a...

  3. The 3Rs and Humane Experimental Technique: Implementing Change

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert C. Hubrecht, Elizabeth Carter

    In 1959, the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) Scholars Russell & Burch published the Principles of Humane Experimental Technique in which they laid out the principles of the Three Rs. However, the Three Rs owed much to others. It was UFAW and, in particular, UFAW’s...

  4. The Status of Pet Rabbit Breeding and Online Sales in the UK: A Glimpse into an Otherwise Elusive Industry

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emma M. Gosling, Jorge A. Vázquez-Diosdado, Naomi D. Harvey

    Conditions of pet rabbit breeding colonies and breeder practices are undocumented and very little is known about the pet rabbit sales market. Here, multiple methods were employed to investigate this sector of the UK pet industry. A freedom of information request sent to 10% of councils revealed...

  5. Horse Husbandry and Preventive Health Practices in Australia: An Online Survey of Horse Guardians

    | Contributor(s):: Thompson, Kirrilly R., Clarkson, Larissa, Riley, Christopher B., Berg, Mariette van den

    Little is known about the horse health management practices of Australian horse caregivers (owners). This article presents findings from a convenience sample of 505 horse owners who participated in an online survey. No large-scale welfare issues were identified, but there were some areas of...

  6. Management practices associated with owner-reported stable-related and handling behaviour problems in UK leisure horses

    | Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, Jo, Creighton, Emma

    Stable-related and handling behaviour problems are highly prevalent in UK leisure horses. Associations between routine management practices and behaviour problems have been identified in racehorses and performance horses but it is unknown whether these practices are also associated with behaviour...

  7. Individual and environmental factors associated with stereotypic behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolite levels in zoo housed polar bears

    | Contributor(s):: Shepherdson, David, Lewis, Karen D., Carlstead, Kathy, Bauman, Joan, Perrin, Nancy

    Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are known to exhibit repetitive pacing behaviors, usually described as stereotypic, in zoo environments. However, little quantitative information exists about the prevalence of pacing in the zoo population. Similarly, large, multi-institutional studies conducted to...

  8. The effects of predictability in daily husbandry routines on captive rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

    | Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, Daniel H., Coleman, Kristine, McCowan, Brenda

    Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) housed indoors experience many routine husbandry activities on a daily basis. The anticipation of these events can lead to stress, regardless of whether the events themselves are positive or aversive in nature. The specific goal of this study was to identify...

  9. Aversiveness of husbandry procedures for pre-weaned foals: A comparison using behavioural and physiological indices

    | Contributor(s):: Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Jaworski, Zbigniew, Suwała, Mira, Sobczyńska, Magdalena, Jastrzębska, Ewa, Ogłuszka, Magdalena, Sankey, Carol, Boroń, Marlena, Jezierski, Tadeusz

    Husbandry procedures are necessary for different purposes in horse breeding. The aim of the present study was to assess the aversiveness and effects on the horse-human relationship of a range of common husbandry procedures, in pre-weaned non-habituated Konik polski foals. Our measures included...

  10. Self-administration by consumption of flunixin in feed alleviates the pain and inflammation associated with castration and tail docking of lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Marini, Danila, Colditz, Ian G., Hinch, Geoff, Petherick, J. Carol, Lee, Caroline

    It can be impractical for farmers to provide pain relief to livestock following husbandry procedures such as castration and tail-docking, particularly in pasture-based systems because animals need to be repeatedly gathered to handling facilities and restrained. We investigated whether voluntary...

  11. Effects of different enrichment devices on some welfare indicators of post-weaned undocked piglets

    | Contributor(s):: Nannoni, E., Sardi, L., Vitali, M., Trevisi, E., Ferrari, A., Barone, F., Bacci, M. L., Barbieri, S., Martelli, G.

    Two experimental trials were carried out in order to test the effectiveness of different environmental enrichments in improving the welfare of weaned pigs. A total of 120 undocked piglets was used. In trial one, group C1 received a metal chain and group WL a wooden log mounted on a frame. In...

  12. Effect of a partial cage dividing enrichment on aggression-associated parameters in group-housed male C57BL/6NCrl mice

    | Contributor(s):: Mertens, Sinja, Gass, Peter, Palme, Rupert, Hiebl, Bernhard, Chourbaji, Sabine

    Group-housing is highly important for social animals. Group-housing of male mice in captivity though often leads to aggression with partially disastrous consequences for the animals as well as for the quality of experimental data. In this study we investigated the effect of a novel...

  13. Measuring welfare in captive flamingos: Activity patterns and exhibit usage in zoo-housed birds

    | Contributor(s):: Rose, Paul E., Brereton, James E., Croft, Darren P.

    Birds do not always feature heavily in zoo-based welfare and behaviour research. Studying how individuals use the space provided to them helps inform captive care and enables objective measurement of animal welfare. The aim of this study was to determine the variables that influence how flamingos...

  14. The effect of supplementary ultraviolet wavelengths on broiler chicken welfare indicators

    | Contributor(s):: James, Charlotte, Asher, Lucy, Herborn, Katherine, Wiseman, Julian

    Qualities of the light environment are important for good welfare in a number of species. In chickens, UVA light is visible and may facilitate flock interactions. UVB wavelengths promote endogenous vitamin D synthesis, which could support the rapid skeletal development of broiler chickens. The...

  15. Evaluation of alternatives to cautery disbudding of dairy goat kids using behavioural measures of post-treatment pain

    | Contributor(s):: Hempstead, Melissa N., Waas, Joseph R., Stewart, Mairi, Cave, Vanessa M., Sutherland, Mhairi A.

    Alternatives to cautery disbudding (caustic paste and cryosurgical disbudding, and clove oil injection) were evaluated using behavioural measures of post-treatment pain in dairy goat kids. Fifty Saanen doe kids were randomly assigned to one of five treatments (n = 10/treatment): (i) cautery...

  16. Breaking up is hard to do: Does splitting cages of mice reduce aggression?

    | Contributor(s):: Blankenberger, Whitney B., Weber, Elin M., Chu, David K., Geronimo, Jerome T., Theil, Jacob, Gaskill, Brianna N., Pritchett-Corning, Kathleen, Albertelli, Megan A., Garner, Joseph P., Ahloy-Dallaire, Jamie

    Injurious aggression in group housed male laboratory mice is a common welfare issue that can also negatively affect study outcomes. Often, one mouse in the cage appears unwounded, and the current standard practice is to remove this presumed aggressor. This procedure is not based on empirical...

  17. Guidelines for Inspection of Companion and Commercial Animal Establishments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clifford Warwick, Mike Jessop, Phillip Arena, Anthony Pilny, Catrina Steedman

    Various establishments exist in which animals are held for a variety of reasons. Historically, the management and inspection of animals in commerce and in private keeping have involved a considerable degree of arbitrary evaluation based on the personal experience of the vendor, keeper, advisor,...

  18. Using the Five Domains Model to Assess the Adverse Impacts of Husbandry, Veterinary, and Equitation Interventions on Horse Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paul McGreevy, Jeannine Berger, Nic de Brauwere, Orla Doherty, Anna Harrison, Julie Fielder, Claudia Jones, Sue McDonnell, Andrew McLean, Lindsay Nakonechny, Christine Nicol, Liane Preshaw, Peter Thomson, Vicky Tzioumis, John Webster, Sarah Wolfensohn, James Yeates, Bidda Jones

    The aim of this study was to conduct a series of paper-based exercises in order to assess the negative (adverse) welfare impacts, if any, of common interventions on domestic horses across a broad range of different contexts of equine care and training. An international panel (with professional...

  19. Objective Measures for the Assessment of Post-Operative Pain in Bos indicus Bull Calves Following Castration

    | Contributor(s):: Gabrielle C. Musk, Stine Jacobsen, Timothy H. Hyndman, Heidi S. Lehmann, S. Jonathon Tuke, Teresa Collins, Karina B. Gleerup, Craig B. Johnson, Michael Laurence

    Surgical castration of cattle is a common husbandry procedure, and although this procedure is known to cause pain in cattle and other species, in some countries it is often performed without anaesthesia or analgesia. Society is increasingly aware of this animal welfare issue and it is creating...

  20. In Search of the Urban Cowboy: The Need to Incorporate Animal Husbandry into the United States Higher Education Curriculum and Its Implications for Production Animal Welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Courtney Lynd Daigle

    There is a need to (1) highlight the importance of incorporating animal husbandry into higher education curriculum and (2) emphasize that professionally training production animal handlers will have positive impact on production animal welfare. Spending more time interacting with agricultural...