Jun 22 2016
4th OIE Global Conference on Veterinary Education
A case study employing operant conditioning to reduce stress of capture for red-bellied tamarins ( Saguinus labiatus )
Contributor(s):: Owen, Y., Amory, J. R.
Traditional techniques used to capture New World monkeys, such as net capture, can induce high levels of acute stress detrimental to welfare. Alternatively, training nonhuman animals via operant conditioning to voluntarily participate in husbandry and/or veterinary practices is accepted as a...
A comparative approach to the study of Keeper-Animal Relationships in the zoo. (Special Issue: Zoo animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K.
Research on intensively farmed animals over the past 25 years has shown that human-animal interactions, by affecting the animal's fear of humans, can markedly limit the productivity and welfare of farm animals. This article begins to explore some of the factors that need to be considered to...
A comparison of operant responding by farrowing sows for food and nest-building materials
Contributor(s):: Hutson, G. D.
In experiments on 4 days immediately before and after parturition with 16 sows trained to lift a lever to gain access to either a box containing straw, a box containing sticks, an empty box, or a food drop, sows lifted more for food than for the empty box or nest-building materials. On any day...
A pilot investigation of possible positive system descriptors in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.
In this study, pig producers were identified whose practices exceeded the basic legal requirements and government recommendations for pig welfare. This novel approach was part of a larger project investigating the feasibility and benefits of the inclusion of some animalbased welfare outcome...
A survey assessment of the incidence of fur-chewing in commercial chinchilla ( Chinchilla lanigera ) farms
Contributor(s):: Ponzio, M. F., Busso, J. M., Ruiz, R. D., Cuneo, F. M. de
Chinchilla lanigera intensive breeding programmes are affected by an abnormal repetitive behaviour called 'fur-chewing', yet the aetiology is still unknown and little scientific work has been published on this condition. Recent studies have supported the idea that fur-chewing is a stress-related...
A survey of cat shelters in Sweden
Contributor(s):: Eriksson, P., Loberg, J., Andersson, M.
Although cats are extremely common, pet owners seem to have a poor understanding of their natural behaviour and needs and a large number end up in cat shelters. In Sweden, no records exist of the number of cat shelters or their activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence...
A survey of elephant husbandry and foot health in North American zoos. (Special Issue: The care and welfare of elephants in AZA institutions.)
Contributor(s):: Lewis, K. D., Shepherdson, D. J., Owens, T. M., Keele, M.
The foot health of elephants in human care is a longstanding concern. In 2001, the AZA Standards for Elephant Management and Care were published recommending husbandry to improve foot health. This article reports the results of a 2006 survey: basic statistics describing facility, husbandry, and...
A survey of the attitudes of stakeholders in the zoo industry towards the husbandry requirements of captive Great Apes
Contributor(s):: Fernie, A. C., Tribe, A., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A., Phillips, C. J. C.
A veterinarian's approach to welfare with special reference to poultry
Contributor(s):: Swarbrick, O.
Abnormal behaviour of piglets reared in individual incubators
Contributor(s):: Hutton, R. C., Wood-Gush, D. G. M.
Abnormal behaviour patterns were observed in piglets weaned from their mother 1 day after birth and reared artificially in small individual incubators. The incubators were plastic bins, 0.057 m3 in size, with a window at the front through which a nipple-drinker provided feeds of Carnation milk at...
Activity Budgets of Captive Cape Fur Seals (Arctocephalus pusillus) Under a Training Regime
Contributor(s):: Wierucka, Kaja, Siemianowska, Sonia, Woźniak, Marta, Jasnosz, Katarzyna, Kieliszczyk, Magdalena, Kozak, Paulina, Sergiel, Agnieszka
Ethograms and time budgets are crucial for the behavioral assessment of nonhuman animals in zoos, and they serve as references for welfare research. This study was conducted to obtain detailed time budgets of trained Cape fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus) in captivity, to evaluate variations of...
Acute effects of cage cleaning at different frequencies on laboratory rat behaviour and welfare
Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Peters, A., Mason, G. J.
Adaptation to different types of stress
Contributor(s):: McBride, G.
Alternative husbandry systems for veal calves
Contributor(s):: Webster, A. J. F., Saville, C.
Apr 03 2016
Animal Transportation Association 42nd Annual Conference
Aquaculture and restocking: implications for conservation and welfare. (Special Issue: Conservation and animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Braithwaite, V. A., Salvanes, A. G. V.
As the harvesting of fish through commercial fisheries becomes both harder and less economically viable, the world is becoming increasingly dependent on aquaculture to provide fish for human consumption. The closely related activity of stock enhancement, whereby large numbers of fish are reared...
Are pigs sensitive to variability in food rewards?
Contributor(s):: Jonge, F. H. de, Ooms, M., Kuurman, W. W., Maes, J. H. R., Spruijt, B. M.
Pigs are non-specialist feeders with high capacities to adapt their diets within wide limits to prevailing and unpredictable conditions. Under husbandry conditions however, pigs are usually fed under extremely predictable conditions, i.e. with highly uniform and standardized diets, ad libitum or...
Are wild animals suited to a travelling circus life?
Contributor(s):: Iossa, G., Soulsbury, C. D., Harris, S.
A comprehensive synopsis of the welfare of captive, wild (ie non-domesticated) animals in travelling circuses is missing. We examined circus animal welfare and, specifically, behaviour, health, living and travelling conditions. We compared the conditions of non-domesticated animals in circuses...
Aromatic Profile, Physicochemical and Sensory Traits of Dry-Fermented Sausages Produced without Nitrites Using Pork from Krškopolje Pig Reared in Organic and Conventional Husbandry
| Contributor(s):: Martin Škrlep, Marjeta Cˇ andek-Potokar, Nina Batorek-Lukac, Urška Tomažin, Mónica Flores
Dry-fermented sausages were produced in a traditional way, without addition of nitrites and starter cultures, from meat of an autochthonous breed (Krškopolje pig) raised either in a conventional indoor or organic husbandry system. Physicochemical and sensory analyses were performed at...