The price of responsibility: ethics of animal husbandry in a time of climate change. (Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics.)
Contributor(s):: Gjerris, M., Gamborg, C., Rocklinsberg, H., Anthony, R.
This paper examines the challenges that climate change raises for animal agriculture and discusses the contributions that may come from a virtue ethics based approach. Two scenarios of the future role of animals in farming are set forth and discussed in terms of their ethical implications. The...
Human-cattle interactions in group housing. (Special Issue: Behaviour and welfare of cattle)
Contributor(s):: Raussi, S.
In traditional European tie stall barns the stockperson has close interaction with the cattle several times a day. New barns are, however, mostly loose housing units where the animals are group housed and normally have space to evade people. As group housed cattle can be less habituated to...
Increasing farm animal welfare by positively motivated instrumental behaviour. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Manteuffel, G., Langbein, J., Puppe, B.
Rewarded instrumental learning leads to the association of an environmental cue with the positive result of the own activity. Instrumental behaviour includes motivation for a specific reward, anticipation of its successful acquisition and positive appraisal. In this paper, we present theoretical...
Interventions in social behaviour in a herd of mares and geldings
Contributor(s):: VanDierendonck, M. C., Vries, H. de, Schilder, M. B. H., Colenbrander, B., orhallsdottir, A. G., Sigurjonsdottir, H.
Social dynamics and maintenance of social cohesion were studied by analysing social interventions in two groups of horses consisting of adult mares, their offspring, adult geldings and sub-adults. The animals were observed for a total of 1316 h. All relevant dyadic and triadic social...
Noise in dog kennelling: is barking a welfare problem for dogs?
Contributor(s):: Sales, G., Hubrecht, R., Peyvandi, A., Milligan, S., Shield, B.
Noise levels (sound pressure levels, SPLs) were monitored over 24 and 48 h in a number of different types of kennels including shelters, training establishments and research laboratories. Two measures of SPL were used, Lpeak and Leq, over both low (1 Hz-20 kHz) and high (12.5-70 kHz) frequency...
Perch material and diameter affects particular perching behaviours in laying hens
Contributor(s):: Pickel, T., Scholz, B., Schrader, L.
Resting on perches is an important behaviour for laying hens. However, perches in laying hen husbandry systems are associated with health problems which may result from inadequate perch designs. The aim of this study was to focus on particular behavioural patterns shown by laying hens on...
Use of a tri-axial accelerometer for automated recording and classification of goats' grazing behaviour
Contributor(s):: Moreau, M., Siebert, S., Buerkert, A., Schlecht, E.
The suitability of an inexpensive tri-axial accelerometer for the automated recording of goats' activities at pasture was tested on a slightly undulating pasture in Central Germany (52 h of registry) and on a rugged mountainous pasture in northern Oman (70 h of registry). The logger was either...
Validation of an automatic system to detect position changes in puerperal sows
Contributor(s):: Mainau, E., Dalmau, A., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Manteca, X.
Piglet crushing by the sow is one of the main causes of piglet mortality during the first 48 h after birth. The frequency of position changes may be partially related to the pain caused by farrowing. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an automatic system to register position...
Behavioural patterns of heifers under intensive and extensive continuous grazing on species-rich pasture in the Czech Republic
Contributor(s):: Hejcmanova, P., Stejskalova, M., Pavlu, V., Hejcman, M.
This study examines the effects of season and of two grazing intensities, namely extensive grazing (EG) and intensive grazing (IG), on the grazing behaviour of heifers on species-rich upland pasture in the Czech Republic. Ten or eight (IG), and six or four (EG) heifers were continuously stocked...
The effects of cage volume and cage shape on the condition and behaviour of captive European starlings ( Sturnus vulgaris )
Contributor(s):: Asher, L., Davies, G. T. O., Bertenshaw, C. E., Cox, M. A. A., Bateson, M.
Cage size is widely recognised as an important determinant of captive animal welfare, but in contrast, cage shape has received far less attention. Husbandry recommendations for flying birds state that cages should be long in shape because this allows greater potential for flight. However, so far...
River crossings as principal points of human/reindeer relationship in Eurasia
Contributor(s):: Leonid Baskin
Since prehistoric time, indigenous peoples throughout Eurasia have hunted reindeer from boats when the animals were swimming across rivers. A number of landscape peculiarities and reindeer behavior features determine the phenomena of mass reindeer river crossings at a few points. Hunt ing at...
Effect of human-animal relationship and management on udder health in Swiss dairy herds
Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Knierim, U., Waiblinger, S.
In a cross-sectional study, we investigated the effects of human-animal interactions and management factors on udder health in 46 Swiss dairy herds living in loose-housing systems on farms that participated in the Swiss dairy farm network "pro-Q." The human-animal relationship was measured by...
The effect of environmental enrichment on play behaviour in white-lipped peccaries ( Tayassu pecari )
Contributor(s):: Nogueira, S. S. C., Soledade, J. P., Pompeia, S., Nogueira Filho, S. L. G.
Herds of white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) have historically been kept in captivity in order to replace stocks lost to hunting however the lack of knowledge regarding their species-typical behaviour remains an impediment to understanding their captive needs. Environmental enrichment has been...
A comparative approach to the study of Keeper-Animal Relationships in the zoo. (Special Issue: Zoo animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K.
Research on intensively farmed animals over the past 25 years has shown that human-animal interactions, by affecting the animal's fear of humans, can markedly limit the productivity and welfare of farm animals. This article begins to explore some of the factors that need to be considered to...
A survey of elephant husbandry and foot health in North American zoos. (Special Issue: The care and welfare of elephants in AZA institutions.)
Contributor(s):: Lewis, K. D., Shepherdson, D. J., Owens, T. M., Keele, M.
The foot health of elephants in human care is a longstanding concern. In 2001, the AZA Standards for Elephant Management and Care were published recommending husbandry to improve foot health. This article reports the results of a 2006 survey: basic statistics describing facility, husbandry, and...
Stereotypies and compulsive behaviours - causes and possibilities of prevention
Contributor(s):: Kuhne, F.
Despite the fact that livestock animals like companion pets have adapted through domestication to a life with human beings, they have the same demands on their environment as their feral conspecifics. Therefore, animal husbandry means keeping animals under conditions which are appropriate to the...
Ethics and farm animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Hurnik, J. F., Lehman, H.
Exploratory behavior and the welfare of intensively kept animals
Contributor(s):: Wood-Gush, D. G. M., Vestergaard, K.
Exploratory behaviour is considered under the following categories: extrinsic exploration in which the animal seeks information about conventional reinforcers such as food and intrinsic exploration which is directed toward stimuli which may have no biological significance, further divided into...
Since Animal Machines
Contributor(s):: Harrison, R.
A veterinarian's approach to welfare with special reference to poultry
Contributor(s):: Swarbrick, O.