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  1. Trailer loading stress in horses: behavioral and physiological effects of nonaversive training (TTEAM)

    Contributor(s):: Shanahan, S.

    Resistance in the horse to trailer loading is a common source of stress and injury to horses and their handlers. The objective of this study was to determine whether non-aversive training based on the Tellington-Touch Equine Awareness Method (TTEAM; Tellington-Jones & Bruns, 1988) would decrease...

  2. Use of accelerometers to measure stress levels in shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Jones, S., Dowling-Guyer, S., Patronek, G. J., Marder, A. R., D'Arpino, S. S., McCobb, E.

    Stress can compromise welfare in any confined group of nonhuman animals, including those in shelters. However, an objective and practical method for assessing the stress levels of individual dogs housed in a shelter does not exist. Such a method would be useful for monitoring animal welfare and...

  3. Variations of some physiological and immunological parameters in Siberian sturgeon ( Acipenser baerii, Brandt, 1869) subjected to an acute stressor

    Contributor(s):: Eslamloo, K., Falahatkar, B.

    This study was carried out to investigate the effect of an acute stressor on the variation of some physiological and immunological parameters of Siberian sturgeon ( Acipenser baerii) juveniles. Fish, reared in 3 tanks for 10 weeks, were used for this study. The acute stress of fish consisted of 2...

  4. Working with rather than against macaques during blood collection. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    Training macaques to cooperate during blood collection is a practicable and safe alternative to the traditional procedure implying forced restraint. It takes a cumulative total of about 1 hr to train an adult female or adult male rhesus macaque successfully to present a leg voluntarily and accept...

  5. A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.

    Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...

  6. Effect of gestation management system on gilt and piglet performance

    Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manzanilla, E. G., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.

    Individual gestation housing of pregnant sows in stalls from four weeks after mating is banned in the EU. Two experiments were conducted to study the effect of two gestation management and housing systems (STALL: gilts housed in stalls and PEN: gilts loose-housed in pens with increased feed...

  7. The effect of dog-human interaction on cortisol and behavior in registered animal-assisted activity dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ng, Z. Y., Pierce, B. J., Otto, C. M., Buechner-Maxwell, V. A., Siracusa, C., Werre, S. R.

    The effect of animal-assisted activities (AAA) on the animal participants has been minimally investigated, and the welfare of these animals has been questioned. To enhance our understanding of these animals' welfare, we measured cortisol collected from serial saliva samples of 15 healthy...

  8. Assessing ridden horse behavior: professional judgment and physiological measures

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, C., Kay, R., Yarnell, K.

    The assessment of ridden horse behavior by 12 equestrian professionals (riding instructors n=4, riders n=4, veterinarians n=4) was compared with observed behavior and physiological measures (salivary cortisol and eye temperature). Horses (n=10) were ridden at walk, trot, and canter in a...

  9. Assessment of ridden horse behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, C., Huws, N., White, C., Taylor, E., Owen, H., McGreevy, P.

    Assessments of the behavior of ridden horses form the basis of performance evaluation. The purpose of any performance being evaluated will determine the factors considered important, factors indicative of "poor" performance, and what makes a successful equine athlete. Currently, there is no...

  10. Contagious yawning, social cognition, and arousal: an investigation of the processes underlying shelter dogs' responses to human yawns

    | Contributor(s):: Buttner, A. P., Strasser, R.

    Studies of contagious yawning have reported inconsistent findings regarding whether dogs exhibit this behavior and whether it is mediated by social-cognitive processes or the result of physiological arousal. We investigated why some dogs yawn in response to human yawns; particularly, whether...

  11. Equine-assisted intervention for people with dementia

    | Contributor(s):: Dabelko-Schoeny, H., Phillips, G., Darrough, E., Deanna, S., Jarden, M., Johnson, D., Lorch, G.

    The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of using guided interactions with horses as a nonpharmaceutical intervention to improve the physiological and behavioral states of persons with dementia. A convenience sample of persons with dementia was...

  12. Randomized trial examines effects of equine facilitated learning on adolescents' basal cortisol levels

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Pendry, Annelise N. Smith, Stephanie M. Roeter

    Although equine facilitated programs have gained in popularity over the last decade, virtually nothing is known about the causal effects of equine facilitated interventions on human development and well-being. Researchers conducted a randomized trial to determine the effects of an 11-week...

  13. Salivary cortisol and behavior in therapy dogs during animal-assisted interventions: a pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Glenk, L. M., Kothgassner, O. D., Stetina, B. U., Palme, R., Kepplinger, B., Baran, H.

    Animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) have been associated with positive effects on human psychological and physiological health. Although the perception of quality standards in AAIs is high, only few investigations have focused on potential welfare implications for therapy dogs linked to their...

  14. Developing effective animal-assisted intervention programs involving visiting dogs for institutionalized geriatric patients: a pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Berry, A., Borgi, M., Terranova, L., Chiarotti, F., Alleva, E., Cirulli, F.

  15. Human-lamb bonding: oxytocin, cortisol and behavioural responses of lambs to human contacts and social separation

    | Contributor(s):: Coulon, M., Nowak, R., Andanson, S., Ravel, C., Marnet, P. G., Boissy, A., Boivin, X.

  16. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses of horses to therapeutic riding program: effects of different riders

    | Contributor(s):: Fazio, E., Medica, P., Cravana, C., Ferlazzo, A.

  17. Behaviour and welfare in donkeys during therapies and activities assisted with animals (AAT/AAA) simulation

    | Contributor(s):: Amendola, S., Macchi, E., Rasola, M., Carluccio, A., Marsilio, F., Contri, A., Sfirro, M. P., Ponzio, P.

  18. Does the attachment system towards owners change in aged dogs?

    | Contributor(s):: Mongillo, P., Pitteri, E., Carnier, P., Gabai, G., Adamelli, S., Marinelli, L.

  19. Effect of previous handling experiences on responses of dairy calves to routine husbandry procedures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Shepherd, H. M., Webster, J. R., Waas, J. R., McLeay, L. M., Schutz, K. E.

  20. Effects of the level of experience of horses and their riders on cortisol release, heart rate and heart-rate variability during a jumping course

    | Contributor(s):: Ille, N., Lewinski, M. von, Erber, R., Wulf, M., Aurich, J., Mostl, E., Aurich, C.