The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review
| Contributor(s):: Francisco Matilla, Yael Velleman, Wendy Harrison, Mandy Nevel
Introduction Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have a significant impact on the livelihoods of the world’s poorest populations, which often lack access to basic services. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes are included among the key strategies for achieving the World Health...
Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
| Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Social dominance and legitimizing myths about animal use
| Contributor(s):: Jackson, L. M., Gibbings, A.
The present study tested the hypothesis that the relation between social dominance orientation and the endorsement of legitimizing myths about the human use of nonhuman animals is moderated by the salience of that use. Eighty-two student participants read an article about agriculture that focused...
Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.
Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...
Compliance with Hygiene Recommendations for Human-animal Contact at Petting Zoos
| Contributor(s):: Kathleen E. Werden, Paul C. Bartlett
Background: Most children at petting zoos are at least somewhat naïve with respect to animal contact, which is probably why they are being taken to a petting zoo. Unfortunately, their immune systems may be equally naïve, thereby putting these children at high risk of contracting one of...
Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011
| Contributor(s):: Gonzalo Erdozain, Katherine KuKanich, Benjamin Chapman, Douglas A. Powell
Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. This paper details an observational study of hand hygiene tool availability and recommendations; frequency of risky behavior; and, handwashing attempts by visitors in Kansas (9)...
Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion
| Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.
Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...
Diurnal rhythms, locations and behavioural sequences associated with eliminative behaviours in fattening pigs
| Contributor(s):: Guo, YuGuang, Lian, XinMing, Yan, PeiShi
Understanding eliminative behaviours in pigs is very important to maintain individual and pen cleanliness. In this experiment, twenty fattening pigs were housed in four concrete floor pens with a floor space of 3.25 m 2 per pig and free accessibility of outdoor runs. We studied the diurnal...
Good grooming tips
| Contributor(s):: Szabo, Julia
A committed command: A Paraplegic student prepares for her career with the help of a canine friend
| Contributor(s):: Seckman, Cathy Hester
Reframing Menstruation in India: Metamorphosis of the Menstrual Taboo With the Changing Media Coverage
| Contributor(s):: Yagnik, Arpan Shailesh
Rooting area and drinker affect dunging behaviour of organic pigs
| Contributor(s):: Vermeer, H. M., Altena, H., Vereijken, P. F. G., Bracke, M. B. M.
Hygiene is a common problem on outdoor runs of growing organic pigs. Manure and urine are mainly excreted outdoors and tend to spread all over the run. Reducing the soiled surface area may be beneficial to animal welfare, hygiene, ammonia emissions and labour, not only in organic but also in...
Zoonotic disease risks for immunocompromised and other high-risk clients and staff: promoting safe pet ownership and contact
| Contributor(s):: Stull, J. W., Stevenson, K. B.
Pets can be a source of disease (zoonoses) for humans. The disease risks associated with pet contact are highest among young children, the elderly, pregnant women, and immunocompromised hosts. These individuals and household members display limited knowledge of pet-associated disease, rarely...
Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications
| Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.
Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...
Catch me if you can: monkey capture in Delhi
| Contributor(s):: Gandhi, Ajay
Denial of death and the relationship between humans and other animals
| Contributor(s):: Marino, L., Mountain, M.
The focus of this paper is to explore how cultural anthropologist Ernest Becker's claim that human behavior is largely motivated by fear of death may explain important aspects of our relationship with nonhuman animals. Terror management theory (tmt) suggests that when we humans are reminded of...