The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review
| Contributor(s):: Francisco Matilla, Yael Velleman, Wendy Harrison, Mandy Nevel
Introduction Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have a significant impact on the livelihoods of the world’s poorest populations, which often lack access to basic services. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes are included among the key strategies for achieving the World Health...
Working with Animals
Fact sheet on working with animals produced by the Women’s Occupational Health Resource Center (WOHRC). The WOHRC (1979-1987) was a research and training program devoted to identifying and better understanding hazards faced by women workers. WOHRC was housed in Columbia’s School...
Hazards of Getting Sick from Contact with Farm Animals at Fairs and Petting Zoos
| Contributor(s):: Aurora A. Saulo
Animals exhibited at fairs, farm centers, and in petting zoos are very popular and educational, and they bring much joy to people, especially children, but in addition to warm memories of holding them, there is risk that immunocompromised people may take home harmful—even...
Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
| Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Social dominance and legitimizing myths about animal use
| Contributor(s):: Jackson, L. M., Gibbings, A.
The present study tested the hypothesis that the relation between social dominance orientation and the endorsement of legitimizing myths about the human use of nonhuman animals is moderated by the salience of that use. Eighty-two student participants read an article about agriculture that focused...
Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.
Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...
Compliance with Hygiene Recommendations for Human-animal Contact at Petting Zoos
| Contributor(s):: Kathleen E. Werden, Paul C. Bartlett
Background: Most children at petting zoos are at least somewhat naïve with respect to animal contact, which is probably why they are being taken to a petting zoo. Unfortunately, their immune systems may be equally naïve, thereby putting these children at high risk of contracting one of...
Risk of zoonotic pathogen exposure among veterinary professionals and students at veterinary schools and best practices to minimize this risk on individual and institutional levels
| Contributor(s):: Ellen R.E. Heinrich
The College of Veterinary Medicine (CVM) environment is a place where veterinarians, veterinary staff, and veterinary students may have increased risk of exposure to zoonotic pathogens. This exposure may occur in classrooms or laboratories where pre-clinical veterinary students and non-clinical...
Best practices for designing and planning events where human-animal interactions are encouraged, based on observations of risk behaviors and hand hygiene at such events
| Contributor(s):: Gonzalo Erdozain
Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. These outbreaks demonstrate that although contact with animals in public settings can provide educational and entertainment opportunities, the potential to spread disease exists if...
Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011
| Contributor(s):: Gonzalo Erdozain, Katherine KuKanich, Benjamin Chapman, Douglas A. Powell
Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. This paper details an observational study of hand hygiene tool availability and recommendations; frequency of risky behavior; and, handwashing attempts by visitors in Kansas (9)...
Video Observation of Infection Control Practices in Veterinary Clinics and a Petting Zoo, with Emphasis on Hand Hygiene and Interventions to Improve Hand Hygiene Compliance
| Contributor(s):: Maureen Anderson
This thesis is an investigation of the use of various infection control practices, including hand hygiene, in companion animal veterinary clinics and a public petting zoo. Video observation of petting zoo visitors found overall hand hygiene compliance was 58% (340/583). Improved signage with...
Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion
| Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.
Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...
An observational study measuring hand washing behavior in petting zoo attendees
| Contributor(s):: Amy A. Hille
Each year in the US an estimated 6 million people visit petting zoos, and the number is increasing. Outbreaks in humans associated with animal pathogens are being increasingly reported. There are many published recommendations for design and maintenance for these facilities. Hand...
Diurnal rhythms, locations and behavioural sequences associated with eliminative behaviours in fattening pigs
| Contributor(s):: Guo, YuGuang, Lian, XinMing, Yan, PeiShi
Understanding eliminative behaviours in pigs is very important to maintain individual and pen cleanliness. In this experiment, twenty fattening pigs were housed in four concrete floor pens with a floor space of 3.25 m 2 per pig and free accessibility of outdoor runs. We studied the diurnal...
Good grooming tips
| Contributor(s):: Szabo, Julia
A committed command: A Paraplegic student prepares for her career with the help of a canine friend
| Contributor(s):: Seckman, Cathy Hester
Reframing Menstruation in India: Metamorphosis of the Menstrual Taboo With the Changing Media Coverage
| Contributor(s):: Yagnik, Arpan Shailesh