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  1. A multi-institutional assessment of factors influencing locomotion and pacing in captive okapis ( Okapia johnstoni)

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, C., Torgerson-White, L., Fripp, D., Watters, J., Petric, A.

    The okapi ( Okapia johnstoni), native to the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a large, solitary, and diurnal forest-dwelling ungulate highly sensitive to captive conditions. The captive population demonstrates persistent health problems, reproductive abnormalities, and several potentially...

  2. Acceptability of animal-assisted therapy: attitudes toward AAT, psychotherapy, and medication for the treatment of child disruptive behavioral problems

    Contributor(s):: Rabbitt, S. M., Kazdin, A. E., Hong, J.

    Animal-assisted therapies (AATs) are not widely promoted in routine mental healthcare but represent a viable treatment option given positive perceptions of pets and growing evidence that animals provide meaningful contribution to psychological wellbeing. Relatively little is known about the...

  3. Are wild animals suited to a travelling circus life?

    Contributor(s):: Iossa, G., Soulsbury, C. D., Harris, S.

    A comprehensive synopsis of the welfare of captive, wild (ie non-domesticated) animals in travelling circuses is missing. We examined circus animal welfare and, specifically, behaviour, health, living and travelling conditions. We compared the conditions of non-domesticated animals in circuses...

  4. Assessment of animal welfare in 80 dairy cow herds in cubicle housing # animal health and other animal-related parameters

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Introduction: With growing concerns about farm animal welfare (e.g. by consumers; WILDNER, 1998), knowledge about the actual situation with regard to animal welfare on farms is important. Valid assessment of animal welfare requires the use of animal-based parameters, while environmental...

  5. Attachment and quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

    Contributor(s):: Alessandro Agostini, Marco Moretti, Carlo Calabrese, Fernando Rizzello, Paolo Gionchetti, Mauro Ercolani, Massimo Campieri

  6. Being there : relationships between people with cancer and their pets : what helps and what hinders

    Contributor(s):: Patricia Nitkin

    This qualitative research examined the little studied area of human-pet relationships and their impact on persons with cancer. The goal of this study was to gather information from individuals with cancer who had a pet during their illness and explore the helpful and unhelpful aspects of that...

  7. Can the law help us to tackle genetic diseases that affect the welfare of dogs?

    Contributor(s):: Boissevain, I.

  8. Comparison of indoor and captive, free-roaming management in golden-headed lion tamarins ( Leontopithecus chrysomelas ) at Zurich Zoo

    Contributor(s):: Steinmetz, H. W., Zingg, R., Ossent, P., Eulenberger, U., Clauss, M., Hatt, J. M.

    Traditional husbandry practices for the public display of Callitrichidae involve strict separation of animals and public. An important consideration for the evaluation of such management is the occurrence of health problems and potential zoonotic risks. This study compared animal data and...

  9. Does breeding a bulldog harm it? Breeding, ethics and harm to animals

    Contributor(s):: Palmer, C.

  10. Epidemiology of domestic cat behavioral and welfare issues: a survey of Brazilian referral animal hospitals in 2009

    Contributor(s):: Souza-Dantas, L. M. de, Soares, G. M., D'Almeida, J. M., Paixao, R. L.

    Few feline behavioral categories, especially concerning their social behavior, have been studied so far. These include: the domestic cat social structure, relationships among individuals and communication among social groups. However, cats have become popular companion animals in many countries...

  11. Ethics of feeding: the omnivore dilemma

    Contributor(s):: Kasanen, I. H. E., Sorensen, D. B., Forkman, B., Sandoe, P.

    The way in which animals are fed is an important aspect of their welfare. Not only does food provide the energy and nutrients vital for survival, but feeding is also associated with a number of other factors contributing to the well-being of animals. The feeding method can determine the animals'...

  12. How to treat diseases- use animals: Aakash Lonkar at TEDxDBATU

    Contributor(s):: Aakash Lonkar

    From the beginning of human civilisation, we have used animals for various purposes, including, farming, travelling, etc. But animals can also be used, which we haven't thought off, for treating illnesses.A trained therapy dog, not only forms a good pet, but also an therapist, a good...

  13. Human directed aggression in Brazilian domestic cats: owner reported prevalence, contexts and risk factors

    Contributor(s):: Ramos, D., Mills, D. S.

    Aggression by cats towards humans is a serious behavioural, welfare and public health problem, although owners may believe it is an inevitable part of cat ownership. There has been little scientific investigation of the risk factors associated with this problem. One hundred and seven owners in...

  14. Linking the social environment to illness in farm animals

    Contributor(s):: Proudfoot, Kathryn L., Weary, Daniel M., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G.

    Disease is one of the single largest issues facing food animal agriculture today. Risk factors for various diseases in cattle, swine and chickens include aspects of both the physical and social environment. In this paper we review literature linking the social environment to illness in farm...

  15. Lying patterns of high producing healthy dairy cows after calving in commercial herds as affected by age, environmental conditions and production

    | Contributor(s):: Steensels, M., Bahr, C., Berckmans, D., Halachmi, I., Antler, A., Maltz, E.

    An animal expresses its physiological and well-being status by its behaviour. Changes in behaviour can be associated with health, production or well-being problems and therefore with the profitability of the farm. The objectives of the present study were to analyse lying patterns of healthy...

  16. Non-accidental injuries found in necropsies of domestic cats: a review of 191 cases

    | Contributor(s):: Siqueira, A. de, Cassiano, F. C., Landi, M. F. de A., Marlet, E. F., Maiorka, P. C.

  17. Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States

    | Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander

    The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...

  18. Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States

    | Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander

    The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...

  19. Owning the problem: media portrayals of overweight dogs and the shared determinants of the health of human and companion animal populations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Rock, M.

    Weight-related health problems have become a common topic in Western mass media. News-coverage has also extended to overweight pets, particularly since 2003 when the U.S. National Academy of Sciences announced that obesity was also afflicting co-habiting companion animals in record numbers. To...

  20. Perch material and diameter affects particular perching behaviours in laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Pickel, T., Scholz, B., Schrader, L.

    Resting on perches is an important behaviour for laying hens. However, perches in laying hen husbandry systems are associated with health problems which may result from inadequate perch designs. The aim of this study was to focus on particular behavioural patterns shown by laying hens on...