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  1. Cat scratch disease at the human-animal interface. Case report in the City of San Luis, ArgentinaEnfermedad por aranazo de gato en la interfaz humano-animal. Reporte de caso en la Ciudad de San Luis, Argentina

    Contributor(s):: Santiago Lorenzatti, J., Nazarena de Salvo, M., Diaz Perez, P., Cicuttin, G. L., Samartino, L. E.

  2. Behavioural fever, fish welfare and what farmers and fishers know

    Contributor(s):: Huntingford, Felicity, Rey, Sonia, Quaggiotto, Maria-Martina

    In this article we first describe briefly how, like other ectotherms, wild fish promote effective functioning (for example, digestion and reproductive maturation) by moving through the temperature gradients that they experience in their natural habitats (showing behavioural thermoregulation). We...

  3. Stress response of farmed European abalone reveals rapid domestication process in absence of intentional selection

    Contributor(s):: Lachambre, Sébastien, Day, Rob, Boudry, Pierre, Huchette, Sylvain, Rio-Cabello, Antoine, Fustec, Timothée, Roussel, Sabine

    Farming, and thus the domestication of Haliotis tuberculata, began recently. We compared the responses of unselected farmed and wild abalone to stressors that occur on farms. The aim was to determine if the farm environment had induced differences in the behavioural or physiological performances...

  4. Effects of a Form of Equine-Facilitated Learning on Heart Rate Variability, Immune Function, and Self-Esteem in Older Adults

    Contributor(s):: Ann L. Baldwin, Barbara K. Rector, Ann C. Alden

    Equine-facilitated learning (EFL) helps people access their immediate sensations and feelings because horses, as prey animals, are continually aware of their environment and provide instant feedback to human behaviors and emotions. We hypothesize that during EFL, older people become more aware...

  5. Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses of dogs and cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B.

    Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as "family members" within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly...

  6. Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention

    | Contributor(s):: Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane

  7. Information need of owners regarding dog's healthcare, zoonotic diseases and marketing

    | Contributor(s):: Basarajappa, A. D., Rupasi, Tiwari, Rakesh, Roy, Davinder, Singh, Matt, V. T., Devan, Arora

    The present study was purposively conducted at Clinical Complex, VeterinaryCollege, Hebbal, Bangalore; Referral Polyclinic, IVRI, Izatnagar; Veterinary polyclinic, GBPUAT, Pantnagar and Veterinary hospital, Palam, New Delhi, India. From each clinical complex, 50 pet dog owners were selected...

  8. We must ban household pets for children at risk for atopy: pro

    | Contributor(s):: Brouard, J., Pellerin, L.

  9. Whole transcriptome response of chicken spleen and peripheral blood leukocytes to avian pathogenic Escherichia coli

    | Contributor(s):: Erin Elizabeth Sandford, Susan J. Lamont (adviser)

    A greater understanding of the immune response after infection can form the necessary foundation of knowledge needed to enhance immunity through genetic selection. Whole genome microarrays allow for comprehensive analysis of the transcriptome. The transcriptomic responses of spleen and peripheral...

  10. Leishmaniasis, an emerging disease found in companion animals in the United States

    | Contributor(s):: Christine A. Petersen

    This review discusses leishmaniasis in cats and dogs in the United States. Leishmaniasis is endemic in Foxhound populations in the United States and is still being characterized in this group. Pathophysiology, clinical signs, transmission, immunology, and treatment are examined in this review....

  11. Effect of household pet ownership on infant immune response and subsequent sensitization

    | Contributor(s):: Simpson, A.

  12. A comparison of cell-mediated immune responses in rhesus macaques housed singly, in pairs, or in groups

    | Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Nehete, P. N., Perlman, J. E., Sastry, K. J.

    A variety of psychosocial factors have been shown to influence immunological responses in laboratory primates. The present investigation examined the effects of social housing condition on cell-mediated immune responses, comparing rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) in three housing conditions...

  13. Behavioural, endocrine and immune consequences of mixing in weaned piglets

    | Contributor(s):: Merlot, E., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Prunier, A.

    Mixing piglets at weaning increases plasma cortisol concentrations and agonistic behaviour. In contrast to what is observed in older pigs, studies failed to show any effect of social environment on other behavioural variables or on immune function. The lack of effect of mixing may not reflect an...

  14. Effect of gradual transition from maternal to reconstituted milk on behavioural, endocrine and immune responses of lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Sevi, A., Napolitano, F., Casamassima, D., Annicchiarico, G., Quarantelli, T., Paola, R. de

    18-24 h after parturition, 20 Comisana lambs were separated from their dams and were subsequently offered a commercial milk substitute (Sub) or were subjected to a gradual transition from maternal to reconstituted milk over 10 days (Mix). Lambs had free access to milk for 3 h a day. A further 10...

  15. The effect of a gradual separation from the mother on later behavioral, immune and endocrine alterations in artificially reared lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Sevi, A., Caroprese, M., Annicchiarico, G., Albenzio, M., Taibi, L., Muscio, A.

    The aim of the experiment was to compare the welfare and weight gains of artificially reared lambs when gradually separated from their mothers or separated from them early and immediately or gradually moved from maternal to reconstituted milk. Forty Comisana lambs were assigned to a control...

  16. Neonatal handling of Amazon parrots alters the stress response and immune function

    | Contributor(s):: Collette, J. C., Millam, J. R., Klasing, K. C., Wakenell, P. S.

    The influence of neonatal handling on behaviour and immune function was assessed in Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica). Chicks (n=11) were gently handled daily from 25 days of age until 38 days post-fledging, while control chicks (n=9) were not handled. At 10 days post-fledging...

  17. The behavioural, physiological and immunological responses of lambs from two rearing systems and two genotypes to exposure to humans

    | Contributor(s):: Goddard, P. J., Fawcett, A. R., Macdonald, A. J., Reid, H. W.

    96 lambs of 2 genotypes (Scottish Blackface: BF and Texel x (Blue-faced Leicester x Scottish Blackface): T) were studied. From birth to weaning 1 of 2 management regimes was applied: extensive (E), whereby animals were handled as little as possible or semi-intensive (I), in which lambs...

  18. Main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Abeni, F., Bertoni, G.

    The aim of this review is to summarise the main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. Intensive farming systems are considered, both from a structural and a managerial point of view, for their constraints that may limit animal welfare: possible physical activity; acceptable...

  19. An investigation of the relationship between adrenal activity, social rank and immunocompetence in pregnant sows kept in different housing conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Zanella, A. J., Mendl, M. T., Broom, D. M.

  20. An examination of behavioral, immunological and productive traits in four management systems for sows and piglets

    | Contributor(s):: McGlone, J. J., Blecha, F.

    Forty-one sows and litters were utilized in a multi-disciplinary evaluation of four common commercial housing systems for sows and piglets: (1) a standard crate (SC); (2) a modified or turnaround crate (TC); (3) a pen with an indoor and outdoor area (OP); (4) a straw-bedded hut on a lot (HL). HL...