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  1. Information need of owners regarding dog's healthcare, zoonotic diseases and marketing

    Contributor(s):: Basarajappa, A. D., Rupasi, Tiwari, Rakesh, Roy, Davinder, Singh, Matt, V. T., Devan, Arora

    The present study was purposively conducted at Clinical Complex, VeterinaryCollege, Hebbal, Bangalore; Referral Polyclinic, IVRI, Izatnagar; Veterinary polyclinic, GBPUAT, Pantnagar and Veterinary hospital, Palam, New Delhi, India. From each clinical complex, 50 pet dog owners were selected...

  2. Leishmaniasis, an emerging disease found in companion animals in the United States

    Contributor(s):: Christine A. Petersen

    This review discusses leishmaniasis in cats and dogs in the United States. Leishmaniasis is endemic in Foxhound populations in the United States and is still being characterized in this group. Pathophysiology, clinical signs, transmission, immunology, and treatment are examined in this review....

  3. Main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Abeni, F., Bertoni, G.

    The aim of this review is to summarise the main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. Intensive farming systems are considered, both from a structural and a managerial point of view, for their constraints that may limit animal welfare: possible physical activity; acceptable...

  4. Neonatal handling of Amazon parrots alters the stress response and immune function

    | Contributor(s):: Collette, J. C., Millam, J. R., Klasing, K. C., Wakenell, P. S.

    The influence of neonatal handling on behaviour and immune function was assessed in Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica). Chicks (n=11) were gently handled daily from 25 days of age until 38 days post-fledging, while control chicks (n=9) were not handled. At 10 days post-fledging...

  5. Perioperative stress response in dogs undergoing elective surgery: variations in behavioural, neuroendocrine, immune and acute phase responses

    | Contributor(s):: Siracusa, C., Manteca, X., Ceron, J., Martinez-Subiela, S., Cuenca, R., Lavin, S., Garcia, F., Pastor, J.

    The aim of this trial was to describe the behavioural, neuroendocrine, immune and acute phase stress responses in dogs undergoing elective surgery in normal, clinical practice conditions. Sixteen dogs were submitted to elective orchiectomy or ovariohysterectomy using a standardised surgical...

  6. Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention

    | Contributor(s):: Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane

  7. Relationship between immune response, liveweight gain, behaviour and adrenal function in red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) calves derived from wild and farmed stock, maintained at two housing densities

    | Contributor(s):: Hanlon, A. J., Rhind, S. M., Reid, H. W., Burrells, C., Lawrence, A. B., Milne, J. A., McMillen, S. R.

    Immune response and other potential measures of stress were assessed in 40 weaned red deer calves in a 2 x 2 factorial experiment. Replicate groups of five calves (aged about 3 months) born to dams from two sources (wild, (W) or farmed, (F)) were housed at weaning at one of two stocking densities...

  8. Sickness behaviour and its relevance to animal welfare assessment at the group level

    | Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.

    The inflammatory response evokes changes in behaviour including increased thermoregulatory activities and sleep, reduced social exploration and appetite, and altered food preferences. This sickness response also includes feelings of lethargy, depression, and pain, collectively referred to as...

  9. Social behaviour and immunological correlates in group-housed laboratory does

    | Contributor(s):: Held, S. D. E., Turner, R. J., Wootton, R. J.

  10. Stress response of farmed European abalone reveals rapid domestication process in absence of intentional selection

    | Contributor(s):: Lachambre, Sébastien, Day, Rob, Boudry, Pierre, Huchette, Sylvain, Rio-Cabello, Antoine, Fustec, Timothée, Roussel, Sabine

    Farming, and thus the domestication of Haliotis tuberculata, began recently. We compared the responses of unselected farmed and wild abalone to stressors that occur on farms. The aim was to determine if the farm environment had induced differences in the behavioural or physiological performances...

  11. Surgical castration of pigs affects the behavioural response to a low-dose lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge after weaning

    | Contributor(s):: Moya, S. L., Boyle, L. A., Lynch, P. B., Arkins, S.

    The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of an acute stressor in the early postnatal life of pigs, surgical castration, on post-weaning behaviour, and on the behavioural, endocrine and immune responses elicited by a low-dose lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge after weaning....

  12. The behavioural, physiological and immunological responses of lambs from two rearing systems and two genotypes to exposure to humans

    | Contributor(s):: Goddard, P. J., Fawcett, A. R., Macdonald, A. J., Reid, H. W.

    96 lambs of 2 genotypes (Scottish Blackface: BF and Texel x (Blue-faced Leicester x Scottish Blackface): T) were studied. From birth to weaning 1 of 2 management regimes was applied: extensive (E), whereby animals were handled as little as possible or semi-intensive (I), in which lambs...

  13. The effect of a gradual separation from the mother on later behavioral, immune and endocrine alterations in artificially reared lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Sevi, A., Caroprese, M., Annicchiarico, G., Albenzio, M., Taibi, L., Muscio, A.

    The aim of the experiment was to compare the welfare and weight gains of artificially reared lambs when gradually separated from their mothers or separated from them early and immediately or gradually moved from maternal to reconstituted milk. Forty Comisana lambs were assigned to a control...

  14. The effects of handling on behavioural and physiological responses to housing in tether-stalls among pregnant pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Pedersen, V., Barnett, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H., Newman, E. A., Schirmer, B.

    24 primiparous pregnant pigs were randomly assigned to 3 handling treatments: minimal (routine husbandry practices only), positive (stroking and patting on approach to an experimenter) and negative (brief electric shock of

  15. We must ban household pets for children at risk for atopy: pro

    | Contributor(s):: Brouard, J., Pellerin, L.

  16. Welfare implications of artificial rearing and early weaning in sheep. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)

    | Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Rosa, G. de, Sevi, A.

    Soon after parturition a lasting and mutual ewe-lamb bond is established. However, in an increasing number of intensive sheep farms, lambs are separated from the dam at an early age. When artificial rearing is applied lambs are often kept with mothers for 2 days to allow the ingestion of maternal...

  17. Whole transcriptome response of chicken spleen and peripheral blood leukocytes to avian pathogenic Escherichia coli

    | Contributor(s):: Erin Elizabeth Sandford, Susan J. Lamont (adviser)

    A greater understanding of the immune response after infection can form the necessary foundation of knowledge needed to enhance immunity through genetic selection. Whole genome microarrays allow for comprehensive analysis of the transcriptome. The transcriptomic responses of spleen and peripheral...