Cat scratch disease at the human-animal interface. Case report in the City of San Luis, ArgentinaEnfermedad por aranazo de gato en la interfaz humano-animal. Reporte de caso en la Ciudad de San Luis, Argentina
Contributor(s):: Santiago Lorenzatti, J., Nazarena de Salvo, M., Diaz Perez, P., Cicuttin, G. L., Samartino, L. E.
Impacts of Tourism on the Ecophysiology of the Endangered Northern Bahamian Rock Iguana (Cyclura Cychlura)
| Contributor(s):: Webb, Alison C.
Increased interest in ecotourism over recent years has led to more direct human-animal interactions and a striking concomitant increase in the provisioning of non-natural food, that may have unintended consequences for the wildlife involved. The critically endangered Northern Bahamian Rock...
Effects of group size on the behaviour, heart rate, immunity, and growth of Holstein dairy calves
| Contributor(s):: Lv, Jing, Zhao, Xun-Wu, Su, Hang, Wang, Zhi-Peng, Wang, Chao, Li, Jian-Hong, Li, Xiang, Zhang, Run-Xiang, Bao, Jun
This study investigated the effect of group size on the behaviour, heart rate, immunity, and growth of Holstein calves. A total of 132 calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments from birth to 46 days of age. These included single housed (S) or group housed with three (G3), six (G6), or...
Animal welfare as preventative medicine
| Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S.
Giving calves 'the best start': Perceptions of colostrum management on dairy farms in England
| Contributor(s):: Palczynski, L. J., Bleach, E. C. L., Brennan, M. L., Robinson, P. A.
Assessment of Vaccine-Induced Immunity Against Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis
| Contributor(s):: Javier Moreno
Canine visceral leishmaniasis is an increasingly important public health problem. Dogs infected by Leishmania infantum are the main domestic reservoir of the parasite and play a key role in its transmission to humans. Recent findings have helped in the development of novel diagnostic...
Extensive human presence and regular gentle handling improve growth, survival and immune competence in ostrich chicks
| Contributor(s):: Muvhali, P. T., Bonato, M., Engelbrecht, A., Malecki, I. A., Cloete, S. W. P.
Linking the social environment to illness in farm animals
| Contributor(s):: Proudfoot, Kathryn L., Weary, Daniel M., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G.
Disease is one of the single largest issues facing food animal agriculture today. Risk factors for various diseases in cattle, swine and chickens include aspects of both the physical and social environment. In this paper we review literature linking the social environment to illness in farm...
Pets: Do They Enhance Our Immunity?
| Contributor(s):: Vidhi Desai, Calvin Leung, Ye Rin Lim, Julie M. Fagan
Pets can be highly beneficial to the human health and may even aid in the development of the human immune system. Our study specifically targets the area of pet ownership and its effects on the immune system’s capabilities of different age and ethnic groups. To examine this, we conducted a...
Environmentally enriching American mink (Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.
Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...
Animal Exposure, Asthma and Allergies
| Contributor(s):: Felicia Trembath
An estimated 62% of all United States households have one or more pet and more than 38% of households with pets have children under the age of 18 (Beck, 2010). Although the total number of pets in the United States does not seem to be increasing (AVMA, 2012), the relationship between people and...
Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention
| Contributor(s):: Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane
The use of positive reinforcement in training zebra sharks ( Stegostoma fasciatum)
| Contributor(s):: Marranzino, A.
Positive reinforcement training (PRT) was used on 4 adult zebra sharks, Stegostoma fasciatum, housed at the Downtown Aquarium, Denver, to determine the ability of zebra sharks to become desensitized to various stimuli associated with veterinary procedures. One male and 3 female sharks were...
Review of human-animal interactions and their impact on animal productivity and welfare
| Contributor(s):: Idrus, Zulkifli
Humans and animals are in regular and at times close contact in modern intensive farming systems. The quality of human-animal interactions can have a profound impact on the productivity and welfare of farm animals. Interactions by humans may be neutral, positive or negative in nature. Regular...
Information need of owners regarding dog's healthcare, zoonotic diseases and marketing
| Contributor(s):: Basarajappa, A. D., Rupasi, Tiwari, Rakesh, Roy, Davinder, Singh, Matt, V. T., Devan, Arora
The present study was purposively conducted at Clinical Complex, VeterinaryCollege, Hebbal, Bangalore; Referral Polyclinic, IVRI, Izatnagar; Veterinary polyclinic, GBPUAT, Pantnagar and Veterinary hospital, Palam, New Delhi, India. From each clinical complex, 50 pet dog owners were selected...
Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to pet contact by immunocompromised children with cancer and immunocompetent children with diabetes
| Contributor(s):: Stull, J. W., Brophy, J., Sargeant, J. M., Peregrine, A. S., Lawson, M. L., Ramphal, R., Samson, L., Bowes, J., Weese, J. S.
Objective To compare knowledge, attitudes, and risks related to pet contact in households with and without immunocompromised children. Study design A questionnaire was distributed to parents of children diagnosed with cancer (immunocompromised; n = 80) or diabetes...
Genetic and dietary effects on chicken heterophil function and immune response to Salmonella enteritidis
| Contributor(s):: Sarah Beth Redmond, Susan J. Lamont (adviser)
The function of the chicken innate immune system against pathogens is affected by genetic background and immune modulating diet. Heterophils from broiler, Leghorn, and Fayoumi birds showed differential expression of immune genes when stimulated with Salmonella enteritidis (SE) bacteria, a...
Reduction in mucosal barrier markers with soy protein diet but not Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in DSS-treated mice
| Contributor(s):: Huanyi Jiang, Ruth S. MacDonald (adviser)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a common ailment affecting people of all ages. Even though the pathogenesis of IBD has not been fully elucidated, there is evidence that it involves interactions between genetic susceptibility, aberrant activation of the immune system, and the environment....
Whole transcriptome response of chicken spleen and peripheral blood leukocytes to avian pathogenic Escherichia coli
| Contributor(s):: Erin Elizabeth Sandford, Susan J. Lamont (adviser)
A greater understanding of the immune response after infection can form the necessary foundation of knowledge needed to enhance immunity through genetic selection. Whole genome microarrays allow for comprehensive analysis of the transcriptome. The transcriptomic responses of spleen and peripheral...
The behavioral immune system (and why it matters)
| Contributor(s):: Schaller, Mark, Park, Justin H.