A perspective on vaccine guidelines and titer tests for dogs
Contributor(s):: Moore, G. E., Glickman, L. T.
An investigation of the relationship between adrenal activity, social rank and immunocompetence in pregnant sows kept in different housing conditions
Contributor(s):: Zanella, A. J., Mendl, M. T., Broom, D. M.
Animal Exposure, Asthma and Allergies
Contributor(s):: Felicia Trembath
An estimated 62% of all United States households have one or more pet and more than 38% of households with pets have children under the age of 18 (Beck, 2010). Although the total number of pets in the United States does not seem to be increasing (AVMA, 2012), the relationship between people and...
Assessment of welfare from physiological and behavioural responses of New Zealand dairy cows exposed to cold and wet conditions
Contributor(s):: Webster, J. R., Stewart, M., Rogers, A. R., Verkerk, G. A.
There is a need to assess the welfare of dairy cows that live outdoors under cold and wet conditions. This study combined a number of techniques to measure stress and make an assessment of welfare in this situation. Two groups often non-pregnant, non-lactating Holstein Friesian cows were exposed...
Behaviour, stress and health: where do we stand?
Contributor(s):: Dantzer, R.
Behavioural and physiological consequences of acute social defeat in growing gilts: effects of the social environment
Contributor(s):: Ruis, M. A. W., Groot, J. de, Brake, J. H. A. te, Ekkel, E. D., Burgwal, J. A. van de, Erkens, J. H. F., Engel, B., Buist, W. G., Blokhuis, H. J., Koolhaas, J. M.
Endocrine, behavioural and immunological processes, together with body growth, were evaluated in gilts that were defeated at 10 weeks of age in resident-intruder tests. Immediately after defeat, gilts were either separated from or reunited with a familiar conspecific (litter-mate; always a...
Childhood Allergies & Immunity
Long before evidence and research specifically defined the benefits of the human and animal bond, people routinely included animals in many aspects of their lives. Many not only viewed these...
Chimeras: The ethics of creating human-animal interspecifics
Contributor(s):: Constanze Huther
In summer 2004, I had the pleasure of attending a seminar by Julian Savulescu and Nick Bostrom about "Human Enhancement, Artificial Beings, and the Future of Humanity" at the University of Oxford. Among other quite exotic topics, chimeras were the subject matter of one of our seminar meetings....
Effect of cat and dog ownership on sensitization and development of asthma among preteenage children
Contributor(s):: Perzanowski, M. S., Ronmark, E., Platts-Mills, T. A. E., Lundback, B.
An inverse relationship has been proposed between exposure to high quantities of cat allergen at home and both asthma and cat allergy. First- and second-grade children from Lulea, Kiruna, and Pitea, Sweden participated in an asthma questionnaire study (n=3,431) and incidence was evaluated over...
Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.
Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...
Extensive human presence and regular gentle handling improve growth, survival and immune competence in ostrich chicks
Contributor(s):: Muvhali, P. T., Bonato, M., Engelbrecht, A., Malecki, I. A., Cloete, S. W. P.
Genetic and dietary effects on chicken heterophil function and immune response to Salmonella enteritidis
Contributor(s):: Sarah Beth Redmond, Susan J. Lamont (adviser)
The function of the chicken innate immune system against pathogens is affected by genetic background and immune modulating diet. Heterophils from broiler, Leghorn, and Fayoumi birds showed differential expression of immune genes when stimulated with Salmonella enteritidis (SE) bacteria, a...
Information need of owners regarding dog's healthcare, zoonotic diseases and marketing
Contributor(s):: Basarajappa, A. D., Rupasi, Tiwari, Rakesh, Roy, Davinder, Singh, Matt, V. T., Devan, Arora
The present study was purposively conducted at Clinical Complex, VeterinaryCollege, Hebbal, Bangalore; Referral Polyclinic, IVRI, Izatnagar; Veterinary polyclinic, GBPUAT, Pantnagar and Veterinary hospital, Palam, New Delhi, India. From each clinical complex, 50 pet dog owners were selected...
Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to pet contact by immunocompromised children with cancer and immunocompetent children with diabetes
Contributor(s):: Stull, J. W., Brophy, J., Sargeant, J. M., Peregrine, A. S., Lawson, M. L., Ramphal, R., Samson, L., Bowes, J., Weese, J. S.
Objective: To compare knowledge, attitudes, and risks related to pet contact in households with and without immunocompromised children. Study design: A questionnaire was distributed to parents of children diagnosed with cancer (immunocompromised; n=80) or diabetes (immunocompetent; n=251)...
Linking the social environment to illness in farm animals
Contributor(s):: Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Abeni, F., Bertoni, G.
The aim of this review is to summarise the main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. Intensive farming systems are considered, both from a structural and a managerial point of view, for their constraints that may limit animal welfare: possible physical activity; acceptable...
Neuroendocrine integration of stress and significance of stress for the performance of farm animals
Contributor(s):: Borell, E. von
Personality traits and the effects of DHA supplementation in the budgerigar ( Melopsittacus undulatus )
Contributor(s):: Callicrate, T. E., Siewerdt, F., Koutsos, E., Estevez, I.
We investigated the hypotheses that a bold-shy personality axis exists in the budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) and that dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation has a significant effect on budgerigar personality and immune responses. DHA is an integral component of the brain known...
Pets: Do They Enhance Our Immunity?
Contributor(s):: Vidhi Desai, Calvin Leung, Ye Rin Lim, Julie M. Fagan
Pets can be highly beneficial to the human health and may even aid in the development of the human immune system. Our study specifically targets the area of pet ownership and its effects on the immune system’s capabilities of different age and ethnic groups. To examine this, we conducted a...
Physiological and welfare consequences of transport, relocation, and acclimatization of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). (Special Issue: The welfare of laboratory primates.)
Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Lambeth, S. P., Jacobsen, K. R., Williams, L. E., Nehete, B. N., Nehete, P. N.