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All Categories (21-35 of 35)

  1. The behavioral immune system (and why it matters)

    Contributor(s):: Schaller, Mark, Park, Justin H.

  2. Behavioural and physiological consequences of acute social defeat in growing gilts: effects of the social environment

    Contributor(s):: Ruis, M. A. W., Groot, J. de, Brake, J. H. A. te, Ekkel, E. D., Burgwal, J. A. van de, Erkens, J. H. F., Engel, B., Buist, W. G., Blokhuis, H. J., Koolhaas, J. M.

    Endocrine, behavioural and immunological processes, together with body growth, were evaluated in gilts that were defeated at 10 weeks of age in resident-intruder tests. Immediately after defeat, gilts were either separated from or reunited with a familiar conspecific (litter-mate; always a...

  3. The effects of regular visual contact with human beings on fear, stress, antibody and growth responses in broiler chickens

    Contributor(s):: Zulkifli, I., Gilbert, J., Liew, P. K., Ginsos, J.

    This study investigated the effects of regular visual contact at various ages on tonic immobility (TI) and heterophil/lymphocyte ratio (HLR) reactions to handling and crating, antibody production, growth performance and feed conversion ratios in commercial broiler chicks. Broiler chicks were...

  4. Effect of cat and dog ownership on sensitization and development of asthma among preteenage children

    Contributor(s):: Perzanowski, M. S., Ronmark, E., Platts-Mills, T. A. E., Lundback, B.

    An inverse relationship has been proposed between exposure to high quantities of cat allergen at home and both asthma and cat allergy. First- and second-grade children from Lulea, Kiruna, and Pitea, Sweden participated in an asthma questionnaire study (n=3,431) and incidence was evaluated over...

  5. Chimeras: The ethics of creating human-animal interspecifics

    Contributor(s):: Constanze Huther

    In summer 2004, I had the pleasure of attending a seminar by Julian Savulescu and Nick Bostrom about "Human Enhancement, Artificial Beings, and the Future of Humanity" at the University of Oxford. Among other quite exotic topics, chimeras were the subject matter of one of our seminar meetings....

  6. Psychosocial and psychophysiological effects of human-animal interactions: The possible role of oxytocin

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Henri Julius, Kurt Kotrschal

    During the last decade it has become more widely accepted that pet ownership and animal assistance in therapy and education may have a multitude of positive effects on humans. Here, we review the evidence from 69 original studies on human-animal interactions (HAI) which met our inclusion...

  7. A perspective on vaccine guidelines and titer tests for dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Moore, G. E., Glickman, L. T.

  8. Main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows.

    | Contributor(s):: Abeni, F., Bertoni, G.

    The aim of this review is to summarise the main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. Intensive farming systems are considered, both from a structural and a managerial point of view, for their constraints that may limit animal welfare: possible physical activity; acceptable...

  9. An investigation of the relationship between adrenal activity, social rank and immunocompetence in pregnant sows kept in different housing conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Zanella, A. J., Mendl, M. T., Broom, D. M.

  10. Social behaviour and immunologival correlates in group-housed laboratory does

    | Contributor(s):: Held, S. D. E., Turner, R. J., Wootton, R. J.

  11. The welfare of gestating sows in conventional stalls and large groups on deep litter

    | Contributor(s):: Karlen, G. A. M., Hemsworth, P. H., Gonyou, H. W., Fabrega, E., Strom, A. D., Smits, R. J.

    Confinement of breeding sows and gilts is a controversial welfare issue in livestock production and there is worldwide interest in finding alternative housing systems for gestating pigs. This study measured aspects of the welfare of gestating sows housed in either large groups on deep litter...

  12. Behaviour, stress and health: where do we stand?

    | Contributor(s):: Dantzer, R.

  13. Neuroendocrine integration of stress and significance of stress for the performance of farm animals

    | Contributor(s):: Borell, E. von

  14. Assessment of welfare from physiological and behavioural responses of New Zealand dairy cows exposed to cold and wet conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Webster, J. R., Stewart, M., Rogers, A. R., Verkerk, G. A.

    There is a need to assess the welfare of dairy cows that live outdoors under cold and wet conditions. This study combined a number of techniques to measure stress and make an assessment of welfare in this situation. Two groups often non-pregnant, non-lactating Holstein Friesian cows were exposed...

  15. Quality of life means welfare: how is it related to other concepts and assessed?

    | Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M.

    Our view of which individuals should be the subjects of our moral actions is expanding to include more people and more species. Animal welfare is the subject of rapidly increasing concern in most countries in the world, and this concern is resulting in changes in the ways in which animal users...