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  1. Can sow pre-lying communication or good piglet condition prevent piglets from getting crushed?

    Contributor(s):: Melisova, M., Illmann, G., Andersen, I. L., Vasdal, G., Haman, J.

    This study focused on the impact of sow-piglet communication during pre-lying behaviour and piglet condition on piglet location before the sow was lying down and on the incidence of piglet crushing. Eighteen loose-housed, Yorkshire x Norwegian Landrace sows and their litters were studied on Day 1...

  2. Carefulness and flexibility of lying down behaviour in sows during 24 h post-partum in relation to piglet position

    Contributor(s):: Pokorna, Z., Illmann, G., Simeckova, M., Chaloupkova, H., Kratinova, P.

    This study focused on sow lying down behaviour and on the flexibility of her pre-lying behaviour, both of which are supposed to be crucially linked to piglet crushing. First, during 24 h after the birth of the first piglet (BFP) changes in the frequency of standing-to-lying events were...

  3. Correlates of self-directed and stereotypic behaviours in captive red-capped mangabeys ( Cercocebus torquatus torquatus )

    Contributor(s):: Reamer, L., Tooze, Z., Coulson, C., Semple, S.

    The quantification of behaviours linked to anxiety or stress provides a powerful means to address applied questions related to the well-being of captive animals. This study explored correlates of two such behaviours - self-directed (SDB) and stereotypic behaviour (STB) - among captive red-capped...

  4. Describing the ideal Australian companion dog

    Contributor(s):: King, T., Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C.

    Dogs have had a long association with humans and are believed to be the first domesticated animal species. Many breeds of dog exist today which vary considerably in physical appearance and temperament. These differences have arisen primarily from selective pressures imposed by humans to create...

  5. Deterrent or dinner bell? Alteration of badger activity and feeding at baited plots using ultrasonic and water jet devices

    Contributor(s):: Ward, A. I., Pietravalle, S., Cowan, D. P., Delahay, R. J.

    The increasing incidence of reports of damage caused by Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) in UK urban environments requires the development of effective, humane, non-lethal solutions. Ultrasonic deterrents are widely available to the public and are sold as a humane solution to the presence of...

  6. Early social experience influences the development of stereotypic behaviour in captive-born striped mice Rhabdomys

    Contributor(s):: Jones, M. A., Mason, G., Pillay, N.

    The early life experience of captive animals, in combination with their genetic inheritance, can predispose or promote the development of stereotypic behaviour in later life. To investigate the early social effects of weaning age and the presence/absence of the father on the development of...

  7. Effect of a synthetic plate in the lying area on lying behaviour, degree of fouling and skin lesions at the leg joints of finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Savary, P., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Hauser, R.

    Flooring type may have a major influence on thermoregulatory behaviour in finishing pigs, as well as on the occurrence of skin lesions at their leg joints and pen fouling. In this study, we compared the lying behaviour, pen fouling and the occurrence of leg lesions in finishing pigs kept in...

  8. Effect of caustic paste disbudding, using local anaesthesia with and without analgesia, on behaviour and cortisol of calves

    Contributor(s):: Stilwell, G., Carvalho, R. C. de, Lima, M. S., Broom, D. M.

    We looked at the effects of local anaesthesia with or without a non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory analgesic drug (flunixin-meglumine) on behaviour and plasma cortisol after caustic paste disbudding of 1-month-old calves: at 15 min, 1, 3, 6 and 24 h (Experiment 1; n=32); at 10, 30 and 50 min...

  9. Effect of different rearing systems and pre-kindling handling on behaviour and performance of rabbit does

    Contributor(s):: Mugnai, C., Bosco, A. dal, Castellini, C.

    The aim of this study was to ascertain how collective cage and pre-kindling handling (training does to go into their own nest) practices, in comparison to standard housing (single cage rearing), modify the behaviour and the performance of rabbit does. To this aim, 40 nulliparous New Zealand White...

  10. Handling-induced tonic/clonic seizures in captive born bank voles ( Clethrionomys glareolus )

    Contributor(s):: Schonecker, B.

    Handling-induced seizures observed among 23 of 333 captive born bank voles was characterized by tonic/clonic convulsions, occasionally accompanied by an apparent loss of consciousness. Seizures were never observed among wild caught voles (N=71). Median age for first observation of seizures was...

  11. Increased reproductive output in stereotypic captive Rhabdomys females: potential implications for captive breeding

    Contributor(s):: Jones, M. A., Lierop, M. van, Mason, G., Pillay, N.

    Captive animal populations can diverge considerably from populations in the wild, despite the animals not being deliberately domesticated. If the phenotypes which are of benefit in captivity are heritable, the genotypes of captive-stock can diverge swiftly and substantially from wild-stock. Using...

  12. Interdependence of welfare outcome measures and potential confounding factors on finishing pig farms

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The factors influencing the observed prevalence of some welfare outcome measures were investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of incorporating on-farm welfare outcome assessments into UK Pig Farm Assurance Schemes. All finishing pigs (>40 kg) on six farms...

  13. Risk factors for the development of behavior problems in a population of Iranian domestic dogs: results of a pilot survey

    Contributor(s):: Khoshnegah, J., Azizzadeh, M., Gharaie, A. M.

    Prevalence and risk factors of behavior problems observed in dogs presented to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran, were evaluated using a survey of canine behavior problems. Information was collected from 368 successfully completed questionnaires on...

  14. Social network analysis of the behavioural interactions that influence the development of fin damage in Atlantic salmon parr ( Salmo salar ) held at different stocking densities

    Contributor(s):: Jones, H. A. C., Noble, C., Damsgard, B., Pearce, G. P.

    Social network analysis of behavioural interactions was used to quantify the effect of high (HD, 30 kg m-3) and low (LD, 8 kg m-3) stocking densities on the frequency and severity of fin damage in Atlantic salmon. Dorsal fin damage (erosion, splits, fin index) was significantly higher in HD...

  15. The effect of sampling strategy on the estimated prevalence of welfare outcome measures on finishing pig farms

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Browne, W. J., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The effect of sampling strategy on the estimates of prevalence of some welfare outcome measures was investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of incorporating some on-farm welfare outcome assessments into UK Pig Farm Assurance Schemes. All finishing pigs (>40...

  16. The effect of two different housing conditions on the welfare of young horses stabled for the first time

    Contributor(s):: Visser, E. K., Ellis, A. D., Reenen, C. G. van

    The effect of stabling for the first time on the behaviour and welfare of young and naive horses has not yet been studied in detail. In this study we examined the effect of two typical housing systems on their subsequent behavioural and physiological responses upon first time stabling. Thirty-six...

  17. The effects of surgical and chemical castration on intermale aggression, sexual behaviour and play behaviour in the male ferret ( Mustela putorius furo )

    Contributor(s):: Vinke, C. M., Deijk, R. van, Houx, B. B., Schoemaker, N. J.

    The ferret (Mustela putorius furo) has become an increasingly popular pet animal, yet little is known about their behaviour and welfare. Inter- and intra-specific aggression and the intense musky scent are the two main reasons why male ferrets are normally surgically castrated. However, it is...

  18. The long and short of it: a review of tail docking in farm animals. (Special Issue: Pain in farm animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Tucker, C. B.

    Tail docking involves amputating a portion of the tail for a variety of reasons. We review the scientific evidence for the rationale for tail docking, a description of the different methods used, the pain response to the procedure and the effectiveness of pain alleviation, and, finally, the...

  19. Variables affecting the prevalence of behavioural problems in horses. Can riding style and other management factors be significant?

    Contributor(s):: Normando, S., Meers, L., Samuels, W. E., Faustini, M., Odberg, F. O.

    The effects of riding style and various management factors on the prevalence of stereotypies and other behavioural problems among 346 mixed-breed saddle horses (phase 1) and 101 Arabian horses (phase 2) were analysed through a questionnaire answered by owners. In phase 1, the questionnaire data...

  20. A flooring comparison: the impact of rubber mats on the health, behavior, and welfare of group-housed sows at breeding

    Contributor(s):: Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

    Comfortable flooring may impact many aspects of an animal's welfare, including lying behavior, an animal's ability to change postures, and incidence of lameness and lesions. Therefore, we hypothesized that the addition of rubber mats to stalls of group pens would improve sow health, comfort and...