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  1. Preliminary evaluation of a prototype welfare monitoring system for sows and piglets (Welfare QualityReg. project)

    Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Binnendijk, G. P., Edwards, S. A., Guy, J. H., Kiezebrink, M. C., Vermeer, H. M.

    The Welfare QualityReg. project aims to develop a European on-farm welfare assessment standard for pigs, amongst other species. A prototype monitoring system was developed for sows and piglets using predominantly animal-based measures of behaviour, health and physiology to assess welfare. The...

  2. Repeatability of a skin tent test for dehydration in working horses and donkeys

    Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Barr, A. R. S., Whay, H. R.

    Dehydration is a serious welfare issue for equines working in developing countries. Risk factors such as high ambient temperature, heavy workload and poor water availability are exacerbated by the traditional belief that provision of water to working animals will reduce their strength or cause...

  3. RICHPIG: a semantic model to assess enrichment materials for pigs

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.

    A computer-based model was constructed to assess enrichment materials (EMats) for intensively-farmed weaned, growing and fattening pigs on a scale from 0 to 10. This model, called RICHPIG, was constructed in order to support the further implementation of EC Directive 2001/93/EC, which states that...

  4. Selection for easier managed sheep

    Contributor(s):: Conington, J., Collins, J., Dwyer, C.

    Current alterations in the farm environment, such as a reduced number of farm workers, may mean that sheep genotypes that are highly dependent on man for nutritional and reproductive success will experience poorer welfare within that environment. In the past 30 years, average flock size has...

  5. Short as well as long transport duration can affect the welfare of slaughter pigs

    Contributor(s):: Werner, C., Reiners, K., Wicke, M.

    Attention to the welfare of animals during slaughter transport and lairage at the abattoir is important not only to consumers, but also to the meat production industry. Inadequate transport conditions can result in higher animal mortalities and meat quality problems after slaughter of such...

  6. Stocking density and stress induction affect production and stress parameters in broiler chickens

    Contributor(s):: Villagra, A., Ruiz de la Torre, J. L., Chacon, G., Lainez, M., Torres, A., Manteca, X.

    The objective of this paper is to analyse the effects of three different stocking densities on the production, stress and fear parameters of female broilers during a 46-day production period. Chickens were randomly distributed among nine floor pens in groups of 30 broilers with different space...

  7. Stunning pigs with different gas mixtures: aversion in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Rodriguez, P., Llonch, P., Velarde, A.

    The objective of this study was to assess the aversion to exposure of 90% argon, 70% N2/30% CO2 and 85% N2/15% CO2 by volume in atmospheric air in 24 halothane-free slaughter-weight pigs using aversion learning techniques and behavioural studies in an experimental slaughterhouse. Pigs were...

  8. The effects of selection on low mortality and brooding by a mother hen on open-field response, feather pecking and cannibalism in laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Uitdehaag, K. A., Ellen, E. D., Komen, J.

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of selection on low mortality in combination with brooding by a mother hen on open-field response at 5-6 weeks of age and on plumage and body condition at 42 weeks of age. Birds in the experiment were either selected for low mortality in...

  9. The impact of genetic selection for increased milk yield on the welfare of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Oltenacu, P. A., Broom, D. M.

    Milk yield per cow has more than doubled in the previous 40 years and many cows now produce more than 20,000 kg of milk per lactation. The increase in production should be viewed with concern because: (i) the increase in milk yield has been accompanied by declining fertility, increasing leg and...

  10. Welfare assessment of broilers through examination of haematomas, foot-pad dermatitis, scratches and breast blisters at processing

    Contributor(s):: Gouveia, K. G., Vaz-Pires, P., Costa, P. M. da

    Analysis of post mortem lesions is a common means for assessing poultry welfare during rearing and pre-slaughter handling. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of: age, sex, rearing system, total number of birds on-farm, period between catch and slaughter and distance from poultry...

  11. Welfare assessment of laying hens in furnished cages and non-cage systems: an on-farm comparison

    Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Reu, K. de, Herman, L., Zoons, J., Sonck, B.

    From 2012 onwards, all laying hens in Europe will need to be housed either in furnished cages or non-cage systems (aviaries or floor-housing systems). In terms of animal welfare, furnished cages and non-cage systems both have advantages and disadvantages. Data on direct comparisons between the...

  12. Welfare concerns associated with pedigree dog breeding in the UK

    Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Sargan, D. R.

    In the UK, numerous pedigree dogs of many breeds experience compromised welfare due to the direct and indirect effects of selective breeding. Many breeds are selected to have physical conformations which, although perceived by some to be desirable, have direct negative effects upon their welfare....

  13. Welfare epidemiology as a tool to assess the welfare impact of inherited defects on the pedigree dog population

    Contributor(s):: Collins, L. M., Asher, L., Summers, J. F., Diesel, G., McGreevy, P. D.

    The effect that breed standards and selective breeding practices have on the welfare of pedigree dogs has recently come under scrutiny from both the general public and scientific community. Recent research has suggested that breeding for particular aesthetic traits, such as tightly curled tails,...