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Tags: India + Developed countries

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  1. A note on enrichment for captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus )

    Contributor(s):: Mallapur, A., Waran, N., Anindya, Sinha

    Two enrichment techniques were devised with the aim of reducing stress and improving welfare for captive lion-tailed macaques in an Indian zoo. In Study A, a log, cotton ropes and a feeding basket were added to the enclosures in different combinations to provide structural and feeding enrichment...

  2. Agonistic behaviour of free-ranging dogs ( Canis familiaris ) in relation to season, sex and age

    Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K., Ghosh, B., Roy, S.

    Observations on the agonistic behaviour of 12 free-ranging dogs from 2 neighbouring groups were recorded in Katwa town, India. Both intra- and inter-group agonistic encounters were recorded for 4 h/day from March 1995 to February 1996. Agonistic encounters were more common between inter- than...

  3. Animal consciousness and ethics in Asia and the Pacific

    Contributor(s):: Macer, D.

  4. Assessment of the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys, using health and behaviour parameters

    Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Lindberg, A. C., Main, D. C. J., Whay, H. R.

    Working animals provide an essential transport resource in developing countries worldwide. Many of these animals are owned by poor people and work in harsh environments, so their welfare is a cause for concern. A protocol was developed to assess the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys in...

  5. Behavioural problems in dogs - a review

    Contributor(s):: Srivastava, A. K.

    Behaviour is the action due to the relationship between the animal and its environment. Behavioural responses are adaptive for survival. The behaviour includes all processes by which an individual senses the external world and the internal state of its body and responds to the change which it...

  6. Dispersal behaviour of free-ranging dogs ( Canis familiaris ) in relation to age, sex, season and dispersal distance

    Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K., Ghosh, B., Roy, S.

    The dispersal of free-ranging dogs from Katwa, West Bengal, India, was studied between January 1993 and December 1996. Between January 1993 and September 1996, 315 pups were observed from 64 litters. Pups were born between October and March each year, with a peak between November and January. The...

  7. Draught animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Ramaswamy, N. S.

  8. Embarking on the second green revolution for sustainable agriculture in India: a judicious mix of traditional wisdom and modern knowledge in ecological farming

    Contributor(s):: Sinha, R. K.

    The Green Revolution in India which was heralded in the 1960s was a mixed blessing. Ambitious use of agrochemicals boosted food production but also destroyed the agricultural ecosystem. Of late, Indian farmers and agricultural scientists have realized this and are anxious to find alternatives...

  9. Factors influencing the behaviour and welfare of captive lion-tailed macaques in Indian zoos

    Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Waran, N., Anindya, Sinha

    A behavioural study was conducted on 47 lion-tailed macaques housed in 13 zoos across India. An ethogram was constructed and behavioural observations conducted using qualitative sampling ad libitum, focal animal sampling and instantaneous scans. Sampling was conducted only during the day when...

  10. Family traditions for mahouts of Asian elephants

    Contributor(s):: Hart, L., Sundar

    The mahout and elephant relationship is one of the oldest human-animal relationships, possibly beginning as far back as 5,000 years ago. Valued for their assistance in war and work, elephants were trained and managed using methods described in ancient Indian texts. The lifelong job of mahouts...

  11. Frequency of dehydration and metabolic depletion in cattle and water buffalo transported from India to a livestock market in Bangladesh

    Contributor(s):: Alam, M. R., Gregory, N. G., Jabbar, M. A., Uddin, M. S., Widdicombe, J. P., Kibria, A. S. M. G., Khan, M. S. I., Mannan, A.

    The effects of presumed long distance transport on blood parameters were examined in cattle and water buffalo exported from India to Bangladesh. The aim was to assess the welfare of the animals in terms of the frequency of dehydration, metabolic depletion and muscle injury or activation, when...

  12. Frequency of nose and tail injuries in cattle and water buffalo at livestock markets in Bangladesh

    Contributor(s):: Alam, M. R., Gregory, N. G., Uddin, M. S., Jabbar, M. A., Chowdhury, S., Debnath, N. C.

    A total of 560 cattle and water buffalo were examined at livestock markets in Bangladesh. The aim was to assess the frequency of nose and tail injuries that could have occurred during handling and transport. The frequency of nose piercing was 64

  13. Influence of visitor presence on the behaviour of captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus ) housed in Indian zoos

    Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Anindya, Sinha, Waran, N.

    To study the influence of 'visitor presence' on captive lion-tailed macaques, a behavioural study (Short Term Effects) was conducted on 30 individuals housed in 8 zoos across India. The study animals were observed on 'visitor presence' days and on 'visitor absence' days, which were zoo holidays....

  14. Inter- and intra-sexual behaviour of free-ranging dogs ( Canis familiaris )

    Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K., Ghosh, B., Roy, S.

    During March 1994 to February 1997 the sexual behaviour of a total of 292 free-ranging dogs was observed weekly in the town of Katwa in West Bengal. Of all resident females, 20 oestrus females were studied as focal animals. The number of males which courted a female ranged from 6 to 28 (mean...

  15. Maturation and development of social behaviour during early ontogeny in free-ranging dog puppies in West Bengal, India

    Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K.

    Six bitches and their offspring were observed in the natural environment to study the early ontogeny of certain processes like eye opening, nipple preference, play, sexual activities and locomotion. Thirteen puppies out of 35 survived at the age of 3 months indicating 63% mortality. Eye slits...

  16. Non-economic incentives to improve animal welfare: positive competition as a driver for change among owners of draught and pack animals in India

    Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Dijk, L. van, Ali, M., Pradhan, S. K.

  17. Non-violence towards animals in the thinking of Gandhi: the problem of animal husbandry

    Contributor(s):: Burgat, F.

    The question of the imperatives induced by the Gandhian concept of non-violence towards animals is an issue that has been neglected by specialists on the thinking of the Mahatma. The aim of this article is to highlight the systematic - and significant - character of this particular aspect of his...

  18. Observer reliability for working equine welfare assessment: problems with high prevalences of certain results

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Pritchard, J. C., Whay, H. R.

    Welfare issues relevant to equids working in developing countries may differ greatly to those of sport and companion equids in developed countries. In this study, we test the observer reliability of a working equine welfare assessment, demonstrating how prevalence of certain observations reduces...

  19. Parental care in free-ranging dogs, Canis familiaris

    Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K.

    Parental care in free-ranging dogs was investigated in Katwa town, India. Six lactating bitches, 4 were monogamous. The gestation period varied from 62 to 65 days. Mean (+or-S.D.) litter size of 5.83 (+or-1.57) with a sex ratio of 1.69:1 in favour of male was recorded in this study. High...

  20. Preliminary observations on the differences in reproductive behaviour between breeding and non-breeding captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus ) housed in Indian zoos

    Contributor(s):: Mallapur, A., Waran, N., Seaman, S., Anindya, Sinha

    Rearing history and levels of abnormal behaviour exhibited by lion-tailed macaques housed in Indian zoos was found to influence their ability to breed. Proven breeders were born in zoos while the non-breeding individuals were confiscated from private owners. Proven breeders also exhibited...