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  1. Public Attitudes in India and Australia toward Elephants in Zoos

    Contributor(s):: Gurusamy, Vivek, Tribe, Andrew, Toukhsati, Samia, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    We surveyed the attitudes of people toward captive elephants in australia, where importation into zoos has been controversial recently, compared with India, where elephants are indigenous. Both australian (AR, n = 101) and Indian (IR, n = 101) respondents rated conservation as the most important...

  2. Market-driven dairying and the politics of value, labor and affect in Gujarat, India

    Contributor(s):: Daftary, Dolly

  3. Assessing Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflicts and Compensation around a Central Indian Protected Area

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Krithi K. Karanth, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy, Ruth DeFries, Natasha Ballal

    Mitigating crop and livestock loss to wildlife and improving compensation distribution are important for conservation efforts in landscapes where people and wildlife co-occur outside protected areas. The lack of rigorously collected spatial data poses a challenge to management efforts to...

  4. An Exploration of Attitudes Toward Dogs among College Students in Bangalore, India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Volsche, S., Mohan, M., Gray, P. B., Rangaswamy, M.

  5. The Sheltering of Unwanted Cattle, Experiences in India and Implications for Cattle Industries Elsewhere

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Uttara Kennedy, Arvind Sharma, Clive J.C. Phillips

    Reverence for the cow has been a centerpiece of Hindu culture, the roots of which can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization around 3000 BCE. Historical and anthropological literature demonstrates how over the millennia the animal’s status as a religious symbol steadily increased...

  6. Eliminating Dog-Mediated Rabies in Sikkim, India: A 10-Year Pathway to Success for the SARAH Program

    | Contributor(s):: Helen Byrnes, Andrea Britton, Thinlay Bhutia

    A third of the world rabies burden is in India. The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) program is the first state-wide rabies program in India and demonstrates a successful One Health model of dog-mediated rabies elimination. The SARAH program was created in 2006 as a collaboration...

  7. Current opinion on maximizing veterinary profession growth and contributions

    | Contributor(s):: Nimmanapalli, R., Donapaty, S. R.

    Veterinary profession sphere overlaps three major biology arenas namely agriculture, basic sciences, and human medicine. Thus, so far the investments in veterinary field are not proportional to the scope of their responsibilities. Rededication and rejuvenation can help veterinary profession to...

  8. Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India

    | Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef

    To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...

  9. "It's a conspiracy theory and climate change": Of beastly encounters and cervine disappearances in Himalayan India

    | Contributor(s):: Nayanika Mathur

    This paper traces the introduction of the category of climate change into the Indian Himalaya. Climate change emerged as an explanation for recurring incidences of human-animal conflict and the disappearance of a protected species through the labours of the local state bureaucracy. Even as the...

  10. Locating human-wildlife interactions: landscape constructions and responses to large carnivore conservation in India and Norway

    | Contributor(s):: Sunetro Ghosal, Ketil Skogen, Siddhartha Krishnan

    People’s reactions to large carnivores take many forms, ranging from support and coexistence to resistance and conflict. While these reactions are the outcome of many different factors, in this paper we specifically explore the link between social constructions of landscapes and divergent...

  11. Big Cats in Our Backyards: Persistence of Large Carnivores in a Human Dominated Landscape in India

    | Contributor(s):: Vidya Athreya, Morten Odden, John D.C. Linnell, Jagdish Krishnaswamy, Ullas Karanth

    Protected areas are extremely important for the long term viability of biodiversity in a densely populated country like India where land is a scarce resource. However, protected areas cover only 5% of the land area in India and in the case of large carnivores that range widely, human use...

  12. Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers ( Panthera tigris) in central India

    | Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef

    To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger ( Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...

  13. A role of Fair Trade certification for environmental sustainability

    | Contributor(s):: Makita, R.

    Although most studies on the Fair Trade initiative are, to some extent, cognizant of its contribution to environmental sustainability, what the environmental aspect means to Fair Trade has not yet been explored fully. A review of environmental issues in the Fair Trade literature suggests that...

  14. Politics of biodiversity conservation and socio ecological conflicts in a city: the case of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai

    | Contributor(s):: Amrita, Sen, Sarmistha, Pattanaik

    Loss of the green belts in the cities as an antecedent outcome of haphazard and irregular urbanization as one of the principle factors has a negative bearing on the socio ecological services that nature entails. Our paper represents the conditions under which the contemporary statist...

  15. Rabies control initiative in Tamil Nadu, India: a test case for the 'One Health' approach

    | Contributor(s):: Syed Shahid Abbas, Vidya Venkataramanan, Garima Pathak, Manish Kakkar

    Although India accounts for nearly 50%5C% of the global rabies mortality, there is no organised national rabies control programme. Rabies control is generally confined to small urban pockets, with minimal intersectoral co-ordination. Tamil Nadu is the first state in India to implement a...

  16. Human-felid conflict in corridor habitats: implications for tiger and leopard conservation in Terai Arc Landscape, India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Malviya, Manjari, Ramesh, Krishnamurthy

    We use the Rajaji-Corbett corridor in the Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) in India to examine the pattern of human–felid conflict in wildlife corridors and its implications for the long-term persistence of tigers (Panthera tigris) and leopards (Panthera pardus) in the landscape. We administered...

  17. Livestock predation by common leopard in Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary, India: human- wildlife conflicts and conservation issues

    | Contributor(s):: Kala, Chandra Prakash, Kothari, Kishor Kumar

  18. Prevalence of stereotypies and its possible causes among captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, India

    | Contributor(s):: Vanitha, Varadharajan, Thiyagesan, Krishnamoorthy, Baskaran, Nagarajan

    Animals in captivity are often confined in small barren enclosures, preventing adequate exercise, and socialization with conspecifics. Captivity is also known for depriving young individuals' association with maternal relatives by weaning away from their mothers' earlier than what their peers...

  19. Evaluation of environmental and intrinsic factors that contribute to stereotypic behavior in captive rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta)

    | Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, D. H., Maier, A., Coleman, K.

    Full body repetitive behaviors, known as motor stereotypic behaviors (MSBs), are one of the most commonly seen abnormal behaviors in captive non-human primates, and are frequently used as a behavioral measure of well-being. The main goal of this paper was to examine the role of environmental...

  20. Gandhi and the Cow: The Ethics of Human/Animal Relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Mark Juergensmeyer

    The cow is a poem of pity... the mother to millions of Indian mankind...Cow protection to me is one of the most wonderful phenomena in human evolution. [1]It is a source of puzzled embarrassment to many Gandhian admirers, who otherwise find in his thoughts a happy marriage of the more...