Captive Elephants in Circuses
Contributor(s):: Varma Varma, S.R. Sujata, Suparna Ganguly, Shiela Rao
Circuses have a long history of using performing animals, both wild and domesticated. The animals are trained or conditioned to exhibit specific behaviours with no option to do otherwise. This report is based on the observation of 31 elephants belonging to a sample of seven circuses (out of 15...