A note on enrichment for captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus )
Contributor(s):: Mallapur, A., Waran, N., Anindya, Sinha
Two enrichment techniques were devised with the aim of reducing stress and improving welfare for captive lion-tailed macaques in an Indian zoo. In Study A, a log, cotton ropes and a feeding basket were added to the enclosures in different combinations to provide structural and feeding enrichment...
Agonistic behaviour of free-ranging dogs ( Canis familiaris ) in relation to season, sex and age
Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K., Ghosh, B., Roy, S.
Observations on the agonistic behaviour of 12 free-ranging dogs from 2 neighbouring groups were recorded in Katwa town, India. Both intra- and inter-group agonistic encounters were recorded for 4 h/day from March 1995 to February 1996. Agonistic encounters were more common between inter- than...
Dispersal behaviour of free-ranging dogs ( Canis familiaris ) in relation to age, sex, season and dispersal distance
The dispersal of free-ranging dogs from Katwa, West Bengal, India, was studied between January 1993 and December 1996. Between January 1993 and September 1996, 315 pups were observed from 64 litters. Pups were born between October and March each year, with a peak between November and January. The...
Maturation and development of social behaviour during early ontogeny in free-ranging dog puppies in West Bengal, India
Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K.
Six bitches and their offspring were observed in the natural environment to study the early ontogeny of certain processes like eye opening, nipple preference, play, sexual activities and locomotion. Thirteen puppies out of 35 survived at the age of 3 months indicating 63% mortality. Eye slits...
Preliminary observations on the differences in reproductive behaviour between breeding and non-breeding captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus ) housed in Indian zoos
Contributor(s):: Mallapur, A., Waran, N., Seaman, S., Anindya, Sinha
Rearing history and levels of abnormal behaviour exhibited by lion-tailed macaques housed in Indian zoos was found to influence their ability to breed. Proven breeders were born in zoos while the non-breeding individuals were confiscated from private owners. Proven breeders also exhibited...
Factors influencing the behaviour and welfare of captive lion-tailed macaques in Indian zoos
Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Waran, N., Anindya, Sinha
A behavioural study was conducted on 47 lion-tailed macaques housed in 13 zoos across India. An ethogram was constructed and behavioural observations conducted using qualitative sampling ad libitum, focal animal sampling and instantaneous scans. Sampling was conducted only during the day when...
Influence of visitor presence on the behaviour of captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus ) housed in Indian zoos
Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Anindya, Sinha, Waran, N.
To study the influence of 'visitor presence' on captive lion-tailed macaques, a behavioural study (Short Term Effects) was conducted on 30 individuals housed in 8 zoos across India. The study animals were observed on 'visitor presence' days and on 'visitor absence' days, which were zoo holidays....
Family traditions for mahouts of Asian elephants
Contributor(s):: Hart, L., Sundar
The mahout and elephant relationship is one of the oldest human-animal relationships, possibly beginning as far back as 5,000 years ago. Valued for their assistance in war and work, elephants were trained and managed using methods described in ancient Indian texts. The lifelong job of mahouts...
Frequency of dehydration and metabolic depletion in cattle and water buffalo transported from India to a livestock market in Bangladesh
Contributor(s):: Alam, M. R., Gregory, N. G., Jabbar, M. A., Uddin, M. S., Widdicombe, J. P., Kibria, A. S. M. G., Khan, M. S. I., Mannan, A.
The effects of presumed long distance transport on blood parameters were examined in cattle and water buffalo exported from India to Bangladesh. The aim was to assess the welfare of the animals in terms of the frequency of dehydration, metabolic depletion and muscle injury or activation, when...
Frequency of nose and tail injuries in cattle and water buffalo at livestock markets in Bangladesh
Contributor(s):: Alam, M. R., Gregory, N. G., Uddin, M. S., Jabbar, M. A., Chowdhury, S., Debnath, N. C.
A total of 560 cattle and water buffalo were examined at livestock markets in Bangladesh. The aim was to assess the frequency of nose and tail injuries that could have occurred during handling and transport. The frequency of nose piercing was 64
Observer reliability for working equine welfare assessment: problems with high prevalences of certain results
Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Pritchard, J. C., Whay, H. R.
Welfare issues relevant to equids working in developing countries may differ greatly to those of sport and companion equids in developed countries. In this study, we test the observer reliability of a working equine welfare assessment, demonstrating how prevalence of certain observations reduces...
Repeatability of a skin tent test for dehydration in working horses and donkeys
Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Barr, A. R. S., Whay, H. R.
Dehydration is a serious welfare issue for equines working in developing countries. Risk factors such as high ambient temperature, heavy workload and poor water availability are exacerbated by the traditional belief that provision of water to working animals will reduce their strength or cause...
Between the domestic and the wild: Animal classifications in Indian thought
Contributor(s):: Moreau, Ronan
Elephants under Ahom's court (13th-19th)
Contributor(s):: Laine, Nicolas
Occupational Histories, Settlements, and Subsistence in Western India: What Bones and Genes can tell us about the Origins and Spread of Pastoralism
Contributor(s):: Patel, Ajita K.