The HABRI Foundation is calling for research proposals to investigate the health outcomes of pet ownership and/or animal-assisted activity or therapy, both for the people and the animals involved. To learn more, visit https://habri.org/grants/funding-opportunities/ close

 
You are here: Home / Tags / Indicators / All Categories

Tags: Indicators

All Categories (61-80 of 116)

  1. Effect of cage height on the welfare of growing rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Princz, Z., Radnai, I., Biro-Nemeth, E., Matics, Z., Gerencser, Z., Nagy, I., Szendro, Z.

    The objective of this study was to analyse the preference of rabbits for cages of various heights, their production and occurrence of ear lesions. Experiments were conducted at the University of Kaposvar with Pannon White rabbits. In experiments 1 and 2 (preference test) growing rabbits (n=112) -...

  2. Ethology applied to animal ethics. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Wurbel, H.

    According to modern animal welfare legislation, animals should be protected from suffering and lasting harm not for the benefit of us humans as in earlier anthropocentric conceptions, but in their own interest. The driving force behind animal protection is our empathy with animals which triggers...

  3. Eye white may indicate emotional state on a frustration-contentedness axis in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Sandem, A. I., Braastad, B. O., Boe, K. E.

    Research on welfare indicators has focused primarily on indicators of poor welfare, but there is also a need for indicators that can cover the range from good to poor welfare. The aim of this experiment was to compare behaviour elements in dairy cows shown in response to a frustrative situation...

  4. Fearfulness in horses: a temperament trait stable across time and situations

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F., Erhard, H. W.

    The purpose of this study was to test the existence of a "fearfulness" trait in horses, by testing the stability across situations and over time of the responses to different fear-eliciting situations. It was also to identify which behavioural parameters are the best indicators of this trait....

  5. Feeding behaviour of sheep on shrubs in response to contrasting herbaceous cover in rangelands dominated by Cytisus scoparius L

    Contributor(s):: Pontes, L. da S., Agreil, C., Magda, D., Gleizes, B., Fritz, H.

    The foraging responses of ewes faced with a diversity of feed items and their effects on broom (Cytisus scoparius L.) consumption were examined. The experiment was conducted on a farm in the autumn with ewes (n=33) grazing three small paddocks (0.44 ha on average, for at least 10 days each)...

  6. Individual differences in cortisol levels and behaviour of Senegalese sole ( Solea senegalensis ) juveniles: evidence for coping styles

    Contributor(s):: Silva, P. I. M., Martins, C. I. M., Engrola, S., Marino, G., Overli, O., Conceicao, L. E. C.

    Individual variation in stress physiology and behaviour has been previously reported in several fish species. As seen in other vertebrates, existence of stress coping styles seems to be reflected by the presence of individual variation. Aggressive behaviour, amongst others, is one of the most...

  7. Pain and discomfort in male piglets during surgical castration with and without local anaesthesia as determined by vocalisation and defence behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Leidig, M. S., Hertrampf, B., Failing, K., Schumann, A., Reiner, G.

    Surgical castration of male piglets without anaesthesia is routine in domestic pig production causing serious distress and impairment of welfare. Thus, the EU is seeking alternatives, with local anaesthesia being one of the possible candidates. The aim of the present study was to compare surgical...

  8. Predicting tail-biting from behaviour of pigs prior to outbreaks

    Contributor(s):: Statham, P., Green, L., Bichard, M., Mendl, M.

    Predicting that an outbreak of tail-biting is going to occur in a group of pigs would be a useful tool for farmers. In a prospective longitudinal study, 24 groups of c.30 undocked pigs were followed from birth to slaughter weight. Four groups had to be excluded from the analysis, the remaining...

  9. Fear assessment in pigs exposed to a novel object test

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Fabrega, E., Velarde, A.

    The experiment aimed to study approach and locomotive behaviour as indicators of fear in a novel object test carried out in pigs. Thirty post-weaning (30 kg) and 30 finishing (90 kg) pigs were exposed to visual, auditory and olfactory novel stimuli during 2 different experiments. The facilities...

  10. A short note on effects of exposure to a novel stimulus (umbrella) on behaviour and percentage of eye-white in cows

    Contributor(s):: Sandem, A. I., Janczak, A. M., Braastad, B. O.

    The present experiment aimed at investigating the sensitivity of "eye-white percentage" as a dynamic indicator of fear in 16 dairy cows and describing the startle response provoked by sudden exposure to an unfamiliar suddenly opened umbrella. Sudden opening of the umbrella 0-2 m in front of cows...

  11. Effects of space allowance on the welfare of dry sows kept in dynamic groups and fed with an electronic sow feeder

    | Contributor(s):: Remience, V., Wavreille, J., Canart, B., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Prunier, A., Bartiaux-Thill, N., Nicks, B., Vandenheede, M.

    The minimal legal space allowance for grouped pregnant sows in the EU is 2.25 m2/sow. The effect of higher space per animal on agonistic behaviour and social stress of animals living in dynamic groups is not known. Two groups of 34 pregnant Belgian Landrace sows were housed in two pens of...

  12. Characterising the emotional reactivity of cows to understand and predict their stress reactions to the slaughter procedure

    | Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Gobert, M., Durand, D., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.

    The present study on 32 Normand cows evaluated whether it is possible to identify, during rearing, individuals likely to be relatively reactive to the slaughter procedure. It evaluated further which factors may contribute to stress during the pre-slaughter period. Behavioural and physiological...

  13. Heart rate variability and saliva cortisol assessment in shelter dog: human-animal interaction effects

    | Contributor(s):: Bergamasco, L., Osella, M. C., Savarino, P., Larosa, G., Ozella, L., Manassero, M., Badino, P., Odore, R., Barbero, R., Re, G.

    The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a human interaction program on shelter dogs and to determine the effect on canine heart rate variability, behaviour, and salivary cortisol levels. Twenty dogs were behaviourally (temperament tests) and clinically (full cardiologic...

  14. Relationships between behaviour and health in working horses, donkeys, and mules in developing countries

    | Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Dennison, T. L., Whay, H. R.

    Recent studies raise serious welfare concerns regarding the estimated 93.6 million horses, donkeys and mules in developing countries. Most equids are used for work in poor communities, and are commonly afflicted with wounds, poor body condition, respiratory diseases, parasites, dental problems,...

  15. Comparison of the effect of human interaction, animal-assisted therapy, and AIBO-assisted therapy on long-term care residents with dementia

    | Contributor(s):: Kramer, S. C., Friedmann, E., Bernstein, P. L.

    The number of elderly people in the United States is projected to more than double to 80 million by the year 2050, which will likely result in an increased incidence of dementia. Although AAT programs have been instituted as therapeutic activities for residents of long-term care facilities, there...

  16. Exploratory study of stress-buffering response patterns from interaction with a therapy dog

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Knisely, J. S., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M., Pandurangi, A. K.

    This exploratory study builds on existing research on the physiological stress response to human-animal interactions in a non-clinical sample of adult dog-owners interacting with their own or an unfamiliar therapy dog under similar conditions. Participants were therapy-dog owners (TDO group; n=5)...

  17. Exploring stock managers' perceptions of the human-animal relationship on dairy farms and an association with milk production

    | Contributor(s):: Bertenshaw, C., Rowlinson, P.

    A human's attitude towards animals influences their behavior around animals, thus affecting the quality of the human-animal relationship (HAR). Many scientific studies have demonstrated that cattle's fear-response to humans affects their productivity, behavior, and welfare. In the scientific...

  18. A preliminary study of behaviour-based indicators of pain in cats

    | Contributor(s):: Waran, N., Best, L., Williams, V., Salinsky, J., Dale, A., Clarke, N.

    The aim of this preliminary study was to identify key behavioural indicators of pain in cats. The behaviour of cats before and after ovariohysterectomy was analysed using a detailed behavioural ethogram. A comparison of behaviours between cats given pre-operative analgesia only and cats given...

  19. An assessment of laboratory mouse welfare in UK animal units

    | Contributor(s):: Leach, M. C., Main, D. C. J.

    The welfare of conventional stock laboratory mice has been assessed in 46 UK animal units using an expert-defined welfare assessment protocol containing 119 measures of mouse welfare. These were recorded using a questionnaire and observations made during a one-day visit to each unit. The standard...

  20. Animal-based parameters are no panacea for on-farm monitoring of animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.

    On-farm monitoring of animal welfare is an important, present-day objective in animal welfare science. Scientists tend to focus exclusively on animal-based parameters, possibly because using environment-based parameters could be begging the question why welfare has been affected and because...