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  1. Automated monitoring of behavioural-based animal welfare indicators

    Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Chapinal, N., Passille, A. M. de

  2. Can non-invasive glucocorticoid measures be used as reliable indicators of stress in animals?

    Contributor(s):: Lane, J.

  3. Challenges to implementing animal welfare standards in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: O'Connor, C. E., Bayvel, A. C. D.

  4. Cognitive bias in a non-human primate: husbandry procedures influence cognitive indicators of psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bethell, E. J., Holmes, A., MacLarnon, A., Semple, S.

    The measurement of 'cognitive bias' has recently emerged as a powerful tool for assessing animal welfare. Cognitive bias was initially, and widely, studied in humans, and describes the way in which particular emotions are associated with biases in information processing. People...

  5. Designing animal welfare policies and monitoring progress

    | Contributor(s):: Keeling, L. J., Immink, V., Hubbard, C., Garrod, G., Edwards, S. A., Ingenbleek, P.

  6. Effects of human handling during early rearing on the behaviour of dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Hawke, M., Waas, J. R., McLeay, L. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Reenen, C. G. van, Webster, J. R., Stewart, M.

  7. Indicators of undernutrition in cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Agenas, S., Heath, M. F., Nixon, R. M., Wilkinson, J. M., Phillips, C. J. C.

  8. Interactions between profit and welfare on extensive sheep farms

    | Contributor(s):: Stott, A. W., Ahmadi, B. V., Dwyer, C. M., Kupiec, B., Morgan-Davies, C., Milne, C. E., Ringrose, S., Goddard, P., Phillips, K., Waterhouse, A.

  9. Non-economic incentives to improve animal welfare: positive competition as a driver for change among owners of draught and pack animals in India

    | Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Dijk, L. van, Ali, M., Pradhan, S. K.

  10. Stress at slaughter in cattle: role of reactivity profile and environmental factors

    | Contributor(s):: Terlouw, E. M. C., Bourguet, C., Deiss, V.

  11. Survey of the incidence of post-stun behavioural reflexes in electrically stunned broilers in commercial conditions and the relationship of their incidence with the applied water-bath electrical parameters

    | Contributor(s):: Anastasov, M. I., Wotton, S. B.

  12. Does attention make the difference? Horses' response to human stimulus after 2 different training strategies

    | Contributor(s):: Baragli, P., Mariti, C., Petri, L., Giorgio, F. de, Sighieri, C.

    We hypothesized that in an open environment, horses cope with a series of challenges in their interactions with human beings. If the horse is not physically constrained and is free to move in a small enclosure, it has additional options regarding its behavioral response to the trainer. The aim...

  13. Indicators of biodiversity and conservational wildlife quality on Danish organic farms for use in farm management: a multidisciplinary approach to indicator development and testing

    | Contributor(s):: Noe, E., Halberg, N., Reddersen, J.

    Organic farming is expected to contribute to conserving national biodiversity on farms, especially remnant, old, and undisturbed small biotopes, forests, and permanent grassland. This objective cannot rely on the legislation of organic farming solely, and to succeed, farmers need to understand...

  14. Assessing the effects of a chronic stressor, stocking density, on welfare indicators of juvenile African catfish, Clarias gariepinus Burchell

    | Contributor(s):: Nieuwegiessen, P. G. van de, Boerlage, A. S., Verreth, J. A. J., Schrama, J. W.

    Fish welfare is an area of increasing interest and stocking densities used in commercial aquaculture have been highlighted as a subject of specific welfare concern. The present study assessed how stocking density affects growth performance (final body weight, SGR, FCR), physiological (plasma...

  15. Cognitive bias as an indicator of animal emotion and welfare: emerging evidence and underlying mechanisms. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    | Contributor(s):: Mendl, M., Burman, O. H. P., Parker, R. M. A., Paul, E. S.

    Accurate assessment of animal emotion (affect) is an important goal in animal welfare science, and in areas such as neuroscience and psychopharmacology. Direct measures of conscious emotion are not available, so assessment of animal affect has relied on measures of the behavioural and...

  16. Ear and tail postures as indicators of emotional valence in sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Reefmann, N., Kaszas, F. B., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.

    To date, most studies on animal emotions have focused on the assessment of negative emotional states, and there is a lack of approaches to characterising positive emotional states. The aim of this investigation was to measure differences in ear and tail postures in sheep exposed to situations...

  17. Effect of cage height on the welfare of growing rabbits

    | Contributor(s):: Princz, Z., Radnai, I., Biro-Nemeth, E., Matics, Z., Gerencser, Z., Nagy, I., Szendro, Z.

    The objective of this study was to analyse the preference of rabbits for cages of various heights, their production and occurrence of ear lesions. Experiments were conducted at the University of Kaposvar with Pannon White rabbits. In experiments 1 and 2 (preference test) growing rabbits (n=112) -...

  18. Ethology applied to animal ethics

    | Contributor(s):: Wurbel, H.

    According to modern animal welfare legislation, animals should be protected from suffering and lasting harm not for the benefit of us humans as in earlier anthropocentric conceptions, but in their own interest. The driving force behind animal protection is our empathy with animals which triggers...

  19. Eye white may indicate emotional state on a frustration-contentedness axis in dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Sandem, A. I., Braastad, B. O., Boe, K. E.

    Research on welfare indicators has focused primarily on indicators of poor welfare, but there is also a need for indicators that can cover the range from good to poor welfare. The aim of this experiment was to compare behaviour elements in dairy cows shown in response to a frustrative situation...

  20. Fearfulness in horses: a temperament trait stable across time and situations

    | Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F., Erhard, H. W.

    The purpose of this study was to test the existence of a "fearfulness" trait in horses, by testing the stability across situations and over time of the responses to different fear-eliciting situations. It was also to identify which behavioural parameters are the best indicators of this trait....