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  1. Assessing animal welfare in a strictly synchronous production system: the mink case

    Contributor(s):: Moller, S. H., Hansen, S. W., Sorensen, J. T.

    Most on-farm welfare assessment systems have been developed for use in dairy and pig farms. These production systems are non-synchronous, in the sense that the same processes occur continuously throughout the year. Animal welfare during most or all phases of production may therefore be assessed...

  2. Assessing quality of life in companion and kennelled dogs: a critical review

    Contributor(s):: Hewson, C. J., Hiby, E. F., Bradshaw, J. W. S.

    Two distinct approaches have emerged for the assessment of quality of life (QoL) and welfare in domestic dogs. One approach, which has so far been applied only to companion dogs, is derived from proxy assessment of QoL in human beings, with the owner or veterinarian acting as the proxy. Because...

  3. Behaviour of golden hamsters ( Mesocricetus auratus ) kept in four different cage sizes

    Contributor(s):: Fischer, K., Gebhardt-Henrich, S. G., Steiger, A.

    Cages for laboratory and pet hamsters are usually small. Using video recordings, the behaviour of sixty female golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus), housed individually in four different cage sizes, was compared in order to draw conclusions about their welfare. The cage sizes were 1,800 cm2,...

  4. Can sleep behaviour be used as an indicator of stress in group-housed rats ( Rattus norvegicus )?

    Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Burman, O. H. P., Nicol, C. J., Mendl, M.

    We assessed the value of sleep behaviour as a novel measure of stress in group-housed animals. We observed, non-invasively, sleep behaviour in 144 group-housed rats, and related it to other physiological and physical indicators of stress and welfare. Sleep frequency and duration correlated...

  5. Cognitive sciences to relate ear postures to emotions in sheep. (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Boissy, A., Aubert, A., Desire, L., Greiveldinger, L., Delval, E., Veissier, I.

    Emotions are now largely recognised as a core element in animal welfare issues. However, convenient indicators to reliably infer emotions are still needed. As such, the availability of behavioural postures analogous to facial expressions in humans would be extremely valuable for animal studies of...

  6. Corticosterone differences rather than social housing predict performance of T-maze alternation in male CD-1 mice

    Contributor(s):: Fitchett, A. E., Barnard, C. J., Cassaday, H. J.

    This study examined the effects of social housing manipulations on bodyweight, corticosterone levels, and performance of T-maze alternation in male CD-1 mice. Males that adopted a dominant social rank were heavier than those that adopted a subordinate social rank. Dominant males also had lower...

  7. Cow gait scores and kinematic gait data: can people see gait irregularities?

    Contributor(s):: Nuffel, A. van, Sprenger, M., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Maertens, W.

    Increasing lameness problems associated with intensified dairy cattle production has lead to the development of several techniques to automatically detect these problems. Comparisons of these new measuring techniques of cow locomotion with the conventional subjective observer scoring are scarce....

  8. Effect of an open window and conspecifics within view on the welfare of stabled horses, estimated on the basis of positive and negative behavioural indicators

    Contributor(s):: Ninomiya, S., Kusunose, R., Obara, Y., Sato, S.

    The effect of environmental enrichment on the welfare of stabled horses was estimated on the basis of positive and negative behavioural indicators. Six stabled horses were exposed for seven days to each of two conditions in early spring: (i) a window at the back of the loose box was opened, but...

  9. Evaluation of a welfare indicator protocol for assessing animal welfare in AMS herds: researcher, production advisor and veterinary practitioner opinion

    Contributor(s):: Rousing, T., Jakobsen, I. A., Hindhede, J., Klaas, I. C., Bonde, M., Sorensen, J. T.

    A welfare indicator protocol integrating a total of 38 measures from 4 information sources: housing system, management, animal behaviour and clinical health has been developed for decision support in Automatic Milking System (AMS) herds. Two expert opinion studies focusing on the relevance of the...

  10. Factors that can be used to predict release rates for wildlife casualties

    Contributor(s):: Molony, S. E., Baker, P. J., Garland, L., Cuthill, I. C., Harris, S.

    Of the wildlife casualties admitted to rehabilitation centres in England, less than half are subsequently released back into the wild. If the factors associated with survival within rehabilitation centres can be determined, they may be used to focus efforts on individuals with high chances of...

  11. Frequency of dehydration and metabolic depletion in cattle and water buffalo transported from India to a livestock market in Bangladesh

    Contributor(s):: Alam, M. R., Gregory, N. G., Jabbar, M. A., Uddin, M. S., Widdicombe, J. P., Kibria, A. S. M. G., Khan, M. S. I., Mannan, A.

    The effects of presumed long distance transport on blood parameters were examined in cattle and water buffalo exported from India to Bangladesh. The aim was to assess the welfare of the animals in terms of the frequency of dehydration, metabolic depletion and muscle injury or activation, when...

  12. Haematological and biochemical responses of red foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) to different capture methods and shooting

    Contributor(s):: Marks, C. A.

    This paper sought to determine whether common haematology and blood biochemistry values might assist in determining the relative welfare outcomes arising from the capture of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) by treadle-snares, Victor Soft CatchReg. (VSC) #3 traps, cage traps, netting and sampling by...

  13. Identification of appropriate measures for the assessment of laboratory mouse welfare

    Contributor(s):: Leach, M. C., Thornton, P. D., Main, D. C. J.

    A Delphi consultation process was used to examine the validity and feasibility of potential resource-input and animal-based outcome measures of laboratory mouse welfare identified by a comprehensive literature search. The consultation was an iterative two-stage technique that used web and email...

  14. Is quality of life a useful concept for companion animals?

    Contributor(s):: Taylor, K. D., Mills, D. S.

    Although the term 'quality of life' (QoL) is not unfamiliar to veterinary surgeons, only recently has the scientific community attempted to measure it in farm and companion animals. Typically such studies have applied methodologies from the field of human health-related quality of life (HRQoL),...

  15. Measures of developmental instability as integrated, A Posteriori indicators of farm animal welfare: a review

    Contributor(s):: Tuyttens, F. A. M.

    Developmental instability, of which fluctuating asymmetry is the most commonly used and recommended measure, has recently been claimed to be an objective, integrated and retrospective indicator of animal welfare. The theoretical and empirical grounds for these claims are reviewed. In theory,...

  16. Murid stress odours: a review and a 'low tech' method of collection

    Contributor(s):: Mason, G. J., Dallaire, J., Ware, N.

    Stress cues can affect the welfare of animals in close proximity and are possibly useful non-invasive indicators of the emitters' welfare. To facilitate their study in murids, we tested whether rats' stress odours could be collected and stored using an enfleurage-type technique. 'Donor' rats were...

  17. On-farm welfare assessment systems: what are the recording costs?

    Contributor(s):: Sorensen, J. T., Rousing, T., Moller, S. H., Bonde, M., Hegelund, L.

    To illustrate that different approaches lead to different costs a cost calculation on four different welfare assessment systems for four different animal species has been carried out; an integrated pig herd (450 sows), a dairy cattle herd with automatic milking (90 cows), an organic egg...

  18. Peripartum health and welfare of Holstein-Friesian cows in a confinement-TMR system compared to a pasture-based system

    Contributor(s):: Olmos, G., Mee, J. F., Hanlon, A., Patton, J., Murphy, J. J., Boyle, L.

    The greatest challenge to the welfare of dairy cows occurs in the peripartum period. Given the perception that cow welfare is better in more natural environments, it was hypothesised that cows in a PASTURE-based production system (cubicle housing with grass silage pre-partum and rotational...

  19. Potential animal-centred indicators of dairy goat welfare

    Contributor(s):: Mazurek, M., Marie, M., Desor, D.

    This paper presents five tests based on behavioural and other animal-centred observations concerning dairy goat welfare. An emotional reactivity test (n=40) classified the animals into different groups according to their behaviour in response to fear-eliciting stimuli, and identified anxious...

  20. Potential behavioural indicators of post-operative pain in male laboratory rabbits following abdominal surgery

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Walker, J. K., Schweizer, K. A., Chuang, C. L., Guild, S. J., Barrett, C. J., Leach, M. C., Waran, N. K.

    This study aimed to identify behaviours that could be used to assess post-operative pain and analgesic efficacy in male rabbits. In consideration of the 'Three Rs', behavioural data were collected on seven male New Zealand White rabbits in an ethically approved experiment requiring abdominal...