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  1. Gastritis and Gastric Ulcers in Working Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Michael S. Davis, Katherine K. Williamson

    Gastritis and gastric ulcers are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in canine athletes. Although the majority of scientific work on this condition has been performed in ultraendurance racing sled dogs, this condition has been identified in other canine athletes, including sled dogs...

  2. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  3. Examining differences between homebound older adult pet owners and non-pet owners in depression, systemic inflammation, and executive function

    Contributor(s):: Branson, S., Boss, L., Cron, S., Kang, DuckHee

    Homebound older adults are prone to depression, which is linked to systemic inflammation that promotes executive function decline. A companion animal may reduce the negative biobehavioral processes associated with depression, inflammation, and reduced executive function in homebound older adults....

  4. Examining differences between homebound older adult pet owners and non-pet owners in depression, systemic inflammation, and executive function

    Contributor(s):: Branson, S., Boss, L., Cron, S., Kang, DuckHee

    Homebound older adults are prone to depression, which is linked to systemic inflammation that promotes executive function decline. A companion animal may reduce the negative biobehavioral processes associated with depression, inflammation, and reduced executive function in homebound older adults....

  5. Examining differences between homebound older adult pet owners and non-pet owners in depression, systemic inflammation, and executive function

    Contributor(s):: Branson, S., Boss, L., Cron, S., Kang, DuckHee

    Homebound older adults are prone to depression, which is linked to systemic inflammation that promotes executive function decline. A companion animal may reduce the negative biobehavioral processes associated with depression, inflammation, and reduced executive function in homebound older adults....

  6. Effects of carprofen, meloxicam and butorphanol on broiler chickens' performance in mobility tests

    Contributor(s):: Hothersall, B., Caplen, G., Parker, R., Nicol, C. J., Waterman-Pearson, A. E., Weeks, C. A., Murrell, J. C.

    Lame broiler chickens perform poorly in standardised mobility tests and have nociceptive thresholds that differ from those of non-lame birds, even when confounding factors such as differences in bodyweight are accounted for. This study investigated whether these altered responses could be due to...

  7. Welfare outcomes for 3- and 6-month-old beef calves in a tropical environment castrated surgically or by applying rubber rings

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Reid, D. J., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M.

    Castration of cattle using rubber rings is becoming increasingly popular due to the perceived ease of the procedure and greater operator safety when compared with surgical castration. Few comparative studies have investigated the effects of different castration methods and calf age on welfare...

  8. Autism spectrum disorder: A review of the current understanding of pathophysiology and complementary therapies in children

    Contributor(s):: Robson, Belinda

  9. Best Articles Relevant to Pediatric Allergy, Asthma and Immunology

  10. Behavioural evaluation of analgesic efficacy for pain mitigation in lame sows

    Contributor(s):: Pairis-Garcia, M. D., Johnson, A. K., Stalder, K. J., Abell, C. A., Karriker, L. A., Coetzee, J. F., Millman, S. T.

    Lameness in breeding swine has a large negative economic impact and is a welfare concern. Pain-related behaviour, such as postural changes, may be used to evaluate the presence and severity of pain in animals. The objective of this work was to determine the effects of flunixin meglumine (FM) and...

  11. Simple cannulation procedure for serial blood sampling through cutaneous ulnar vein in chickens

    Contributor(s):: Bayer, D. M., Mohan, K., Jayakumar, K., Manafi, M., Pavithra, B. H.

    The objective of the study was to collect repeated, low-stress blood samples from the ulnar vein of chickens required for pharmacokinetic studies or hormonal assays. The study used 5 apparently healthy, unsexed, commercial broiler chickens about 6 weeks old and weighing 1.7-1.9 kg for serial...

  12. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 2. Responses related to stress, health and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Mayer, D. G., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M., Stafford, K. J.

    Tension banding castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the banders as a humane castration method. Two experiments were conducted, under tropical conditions using Bos indicus bulls comparing tension banding (Band) and...

  13. Chewable materials before weaning reduce tail biting in growing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Telkanranta, H., Swan, K., Hirvonen, H., Valros, A.

    Tail biting in pigs is a multi-factorial problem, and the early rearing environment has been proposed as a potential previously unidentified factor. The aim of this study was to test whether access to chewable material from birth to weaning reduces later tail biting. Undocked litters of 59 sows...

  14. Identification and management of cognitive decline in companion animals and the comparisons with Alzheimer's disease: A review

    Contributor(s):: Cory, Julie

  15. Review of Social lives with other animals: Tales of sex, death and love

    Contributor(s):: Probyn-Rapsey, Fiona

  16. Measuring the efficacy of flunixin meglumine and meloxicam for lame sows using nociceptive threshold tests

    Contributor(s):: Pairis-Garcia, M. D., Johnson, A. K., Stalder, K. J., Karriker, L. A., Coetzee, J. F., Millman, S. T.

    Lameness in breeding swine can cause severe pain leading to on-farm welfare issues and significant economic impacts. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs including meloxicam and flunixin meglumine are commonly used in veterinary medicine for their analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties....

  17. Dermatitis prompted by a collar employed in radio-telemetry monitoring

    Contributor(s):: Ferreira, G. A., Pinto, M. L., Nakano-Oliveira, E., Genaro, G.

  18. Hormonal stress response of laboratory mice to conventional and minimally invasive bleeding techniques

    Contributor(s):: Voigt, C. C., Klockner, P., Touma, C., Neuschl, C., Brockmann, G., Goritz, F., Palme, R., Thomsen, R.

  19. The effect of morphine on changes in behaviour and physiology in intraperitoneally vaccinated Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar)

    Contributor(s):: Nordgreen, J., Bjorge, M. H., Janczak, A. M., Poppe, T., Koppang, E. O., Ranheim, B., Horsberg, T. E.

  20. Culled early or culled late: economic decisions and risks to welfare in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Langford, F. M., Stott, A. W.