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  1. A new format for learning about farm animal welfare. (Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics.)

    Contributor(s):: Algers, A., Lindstrom, B., Pajor, E. A.

    Farm animal welfare is a knowledge domain that can be regarded as a model for new ways of organizing learning and making higher education more responsive to the needs of society. Global concern for animal welfare has resulted in a great demand for knowledge. As a complement to traditional...

  2. Citizens' views on farm animal welfare and related information provision: exploratory insights from Flanders, Belgium

    Contributor(s):: Vanhonacker, F., Poucke, E. van, Tuyttens, F., Verbeke, W.

    The results of two independent empirical studies with Flemish citizens were combined to address the problem of a short fall of information provision about higher welfare products. The research objectives were (1) to improve our understanding of how citizens conceptualize farm animal welfare, (2)...

  3. Development of a decision support system for assessing farm animal welfare in relation to husbandry systems: strategy and prototype

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M., Metz, J. H. M., Dijkhuizen, A. A., Spruijt, B. M.

    Due to increasing empirical information on farm animal welfare since the 1960s, the prospects for sound decision-making concerning welfare have improved. This paper describes a strategy to develop a decision-making aid, a decision support system, for assessment of farm animal welfare based on...

  4. Ethical considerations in agro-biodiversity research, collecting, and use

    Contributor(s):: Engels, J. M. M., Dempewolf, H., Henson-Apollonio, V.

    Humans have always played a crucial role in the evolutionary dynamics of agricultural biodiversity and thus there is a strong relationship between these resources and human cultures. These agricultural resources have long been treated as a global public good, and constitute the livelihoods of...

  5. Qualitative stakeholder analysis for the development of sustainable monitoring systems for farm animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M., Greef, K. H. de, Hopster, H.

    Continued concern for animal welfare may be alleviated when welfare would be monitored on farms. Monitoring can be characterized as an information system where various stakeholders periodically exchange relevant information. Stakeholders include producers, consumers, retailers, the government,...

  6. Risk of public disclosure in environmental farm plan programs: characteristics and mitigating legal and policy strategies

    Contributor(s):: Yiridoe, E. K.

    Although various studies have shown that farmers believe there is the need for a producer-led initiative to address the environmental problems from agriculture, farmers in several Canadian provinces have been reluctant to widely participate in Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) programmes. Few studies...

  7. A prospective study of two self-help CD based desensitization and counter-conditioning programmes with the use of Dog Appeasing Pheromone for the treatment of firework fears in dogs ( Canis familiaris )

    Contributor(s):: Levine, E. D., Ramos, D., Mills, D. S.

    The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of two self-help CD based desensitization and counter-conditioning programmes with the use of Dog Appeasing Pheromone (DAP) for the treatment of firework fears in dogs and to evaluate the training progress and owner compliance. Fifty-four...

  8. Cognitive bias as an indicator of animal emotion and welfare: emerging evidence and underlying mechanisms. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Mendl, M., Burman, O. H. P., Parker, R. M. A., Paul, E. S.

    Accurate assessment of animal emotion (affect) is an important goal in animal welfare science, and in areas such as neuroscience and psychopharmacology. Direct measures of conscious emotion are not available, so assessment of animal affect has relied on measures of the behavioural and...

  9. The use of differentially corrected global positioning system to monitor activities of cattle at pasture

    Contributor(s):: Schlecht, E., Hulsebusch, C., Mahler, F., Becker, K.

    Global positioning system (GPS) technology is increasingly applied in livestock science to monitor pasture use and tracking routes, and is often combined with equipment for monitoring animal activity. As GPS data are referenced in time and space, it is hypothesised that parameters derived there...

  10. Dietary tryptophan supplementation in privately owned mildly anxious dogs

    Contributor(s):: Bosch, G., Beerda, B., Beynen, A. C., van der Borg, J. A. M., van der Poel, A. F. B., Hendriks, W. H.

    Food composition has been reported to influence mood and behaviour in humans and animals and it could help to reduce unwanted behaviour in dogs. Anxiety-related behaviour is associated with the functioning of the central serotonergic system and here it was investigated if dietary supplementation...

  11. The behaviour of male fattening pigs following either surgical castration or vaccination with a GnRF vaccine

    Contributor(s):: Baumgartner, J., Laister, S., Koller, M., Pfutzner, A., Grodzycki, M., Andrews, S., Schmoll, F.

    Vaccination of male fattening pigs with a gonadotropin releasing factor (GnRF) vaccine is regarded as a possible solution to solve the welfare problem associated with surgical castration, which causes pain and stress even when performed under local or general anaesthesia. The objective of the...

  12. Unwanted oral investigative behaviour in horses: a note on the relationship between mugging behaviour, hand-feeding titbits and clicker training

    Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.

    Unwanted oral investigative in horses has been anecdotally attributed to the practice of hand-feeding. Fears over such behaviour developing as a consequence of using food rewards, for example in clicker training, have been implicated as a common reason for not employing food-based positive...

  13. Zoomorphy: animal metaphors for human personality

    Contributor(s):: Sommer, R., Sommer, B. A.

    We conducted three studies on the use of nonhuman animals as metaphors (zoomorphs) for human personality characteristics. In Study 1 (n=51) university students rated gender, age, and favorableness of 36 mammal names when applied metaphorically to a person. In Study 2, we searched 14 dictionaries...

  14. Tags on seabirds: how seriously are instrument-induced behaviours considered?

    Contributor(s):: Vandenabeele, S. P., Wilson, R. P., Grogan, A.

    Equipping birds with tags (defined as any item externally attached to birds, including transmitters, loggers and flipper bands, or implanted devices, such as transponders) gives particular insights into animal biology, although researchers may not give systematic consideration of tag impact. We...

  15. Assessment of animal welfare in 80 dairy cow herds in cubicle housing # animal health and other animal-related parameters

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Introduction: With growing concerns about farm animal welfare (e.g. by consumers; WILDNER, 1998), knowledge about the actual situation with regard to animal welfare on farms is important. Valid assessment of animal welfare requires the use of animal-based parameters, while environmental...

  16. Pet loss: the owner in mourning. Pet loss hotlines and counselling, a new role for a veterinarian? [Italian]

    | Contributor(s):: Tralli, M., Campione, F., Bacci, M. L.

  17. The human-animal bond in veterinary medical education: accessing web-based information

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hart, L. A., Wood, M. W.

    Various aspects of the field known as the human-animal bond (HAB), or human-animal interactions, have expanded within veterinary medical education over the past quarter of a century. Using a variety of databases and informed search strategies, relevant information can be accessed, including...

  18. Animal trait ontology: the importance and usefulness of a unified trait vocabulary for animal species

    | Contributor(s):: Hughes, L. M., Bao, J., Hu, Z. L., Honavar, V., Reecy, J. M.

    Ontologies help to identify and formally define the entities and relationships in specific domains of interest. Bio-ontologies, in particular, play a central role in the annotation, integration, analysis, and interpretation of biological data. Missing from the number of bio-ontologies is one that...

  19. Journalists' views of advertiser pressures on agricultural news

    | Contributor(s):: Reisner, A., Walter, G.

  20. Legal implications in development and use of expert systems in agriculture

    | Contributor(s):: Downs, W., Newton, K. A.

    Applications of Artificial Intelligence, particularly Expert Systems, are rapidly increasing. This science promises to give computer-based systems the capability of reasoning and decision making. Whether used for farm management or 'intelligent' machine control, Expert Systems will find many...