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All Categories (1-20 of 94)

  1. Dominance and Leadership: Useful Concepts in Human–Horse Interactions?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elke Hartmann, Janne W. Christensen, Paul D. McGreevy

    Dominance hierarchies in horses primarily influence priority access to limited resources of any kind, resulting in predictable contest outcomes that potentially minimize aggressive encounters and associated risk of injury. Levels of aggression in group-kept horses under domestic conditions have...

  2. Rubber net mesh reduces scale loss during routine handling of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, A.

  3. Farm manager involvement in an equine on-farm welfare assessment: opportunities for education and improvement

    | Contributor(s):: DuBois, C., DeVries, T. J., Haley, D. B., Lawlis, P., Merkies, K.

  4. Humane euthanasia of neonates I: validation of the effectiveness of the Zephyr EXL non-penetrating captive-bolt euthanasia system on neonate piglets up to 10.9 kg live-weight

    | Contributor(s):: Grist, A., Murrell, J. C., McKinstry, J. L., Knowles, T. G., Wotton, S. B.

  5. Evaluation of the CASH Dispatch Kit combined with alternative shot placement landmarks as a single-step euthanasia method for cattle of various ages

    | Contributor(s):: Gilliam, J. N., Woods, J., Hill, J., Shearer, J. K., Reynolds, J., Taylor, J. D.

  6. Assistance, service, emotional support, and therapy dogs

    | Contributor(s):: McMichael, M. A., Singletary, M.

  7. The psychosocial influence of companion animals on positive and negative affect during the COVID-19 pandemic

    | Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Currin-McCulloch, J., Bussolari, C., Packman, W., Erdman, P.

  8. Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.

    Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...

  9. Equine-assisted interventions for veterans with service-related health conditions: a systematic mapping review

    | Contributor(s):: Kinney, A. R., Eakman, A. M., Lassell, R., Wood, W.

    BACKGROUND: Evidence-based treatments for service-related health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are not effective for all veterans. Equine-assisted interventions are emerging as an additional treatment modality, but little is...

  10. Influence of Paddock Size on Social Relationships in Domestic Horses

    | Contributor(s):: Majecka, Katarzyna, Klawe, Aneta

    The aim of this study was to explore whether the size of paddocks affected social interactions within a group of horses. Furthermore, the effects of the gender composition in groups on social behavior were investigated. The research was done in a horse-riding center. A total of 78 horses and...

  11. Occupational Health of Animal Shelter Employees by Live Release Rate, Shelter Type, and Euthanasia-Related Decision

    | Contributor(s):: Andrukonis, Allison, Protopopova, Alexandra

    Approximately a quarter of dogs and cats in animal shelters in the United States are euthanized. The stress associated with having to care for animals they subsequently euthanize puts animal shelter workers at a high risk for compassion fatigue, burnout, and even suicide. The aim of the present...

  12. Regrouping rabbit does in a familiar or novel pen: Effects on agonistic behaviour, injuries and core body temperature

    | Contributor(s):: Graf, Sylvia, Bigler, Lotti, Failing, Klaus, Würbel, Hanno, Buchwalder, Theres

    Regrouping female rabbits in group-housing systems is common management practice in rabbit breeding, which may, however, induce agonistic interactions resulting in social stress and severe injuries. Here we compared two methods of regrouping female rabbits with respect to their effects on...

  13. Identifying potential risk situations for humans when removing horses from groups

    | Contributor(s):: Hartmann, Elke, Søndergaard, Eva, Keeling, Linda J.

    Removing a horse from its social group may be considered risky, both for the handler and the horse, because other horses can interfere in the catching process. The main aim of this study was to identify where and when these risk situations occur while removing a horse from its group. A potential...

  14. Effects of repeated regrouping on horse behaviour and injuries

    | Contributor(s):: Christensen, Janne Winther, Søndergaard, Eva, Thodberg, Karen, Halekoh, Ulrich

    Domestic horses are faced with social challenges throughout their lives due to limitations in social contact, space restrictions and frequent changes in social companionship. This is in contrast to natural conditions where horses live in relatively stable harem bands. Currently, little is known...

  15. Effect of short and long periods of separation on agonistic behaviour, injuries and stress in Hérens cows kept in loose housing

    | Contributor(s):: Castro, Isabelle M. L., Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hauser, Rudolf

    Hérens cows are typically not dehorned and are therefore housed in tie-barns during winter. Recently, however, farmers have started to also use loose housing systems. They separate single cows from their herd for periods of a few days to ensure undisturbed calving and to avoid excessive activity...

  16. High rates of aggression do not predict rates of trauma in captive groups of macaques

    | Contributor(s):: Beisner, Brianne A., Wooddell, Lauren J., Hannibal, Darcy L., Nathman, Amy, McCowan, Brenda

    Socially inflicted traumas are a major concern for the management of captive groups of rhesus macaques. Rhesus macaques are the most commonly used nonhuman primate in biomedical research, and social housing is optimal for promoting psychological well-being. However, trauma is frequent due to a...

  17. Injury incidence, reactivity and ease of handling of horses kept in groups: A matched case control study in four Nordic countries

    | Contributor(s):: Keeling, L. J., Bøe, K. E., Christensen, J. W., Hyyppä, S., Jansson, H., Jørgensen, G. H. M., Ladewig, J., Mejdell, C. M., Särkijärvi, S., Søndergaard, E., Hartmann, E.

    There is increasing interest in keeping horses in groups, but progress is hampered by a lack of knowledge about which horses can and should be kept together. Therefore, our objective was to investigate the effect of group composition on the occurrence of injuries among horses, the ease of...

  18. Effects of group housing system, pen floor type, and lactation management on performance and behaviour in rabbit does

    | Contributor(s):: Zomeño, Cristina, Birolo, Marco, Gratta, Francesco, Zuffellato, Andrea, Xiccato, Gerolamo, Trocino, Angela

    This work aimed at evaluating the effects of housing system, pen floor type, and lactation management on rabbit doe and kit performance throughout a reproductive cycle, including categorization of aggressiveness and injuries. Forty multiparous pregnant does were assigned to six experimental...

  19. GaitWay Therapeutic Horsemanship

    Full-text: Available

    GaitWay Therapeutic Horsemanship provides equine therapy to children and adults with a variety of disabilities. By riding, they grow stronger, both mentally and physically. We serve children and adults who have cerebral palsy, autism, developmental delays, scoliosis, ADHD, depression, anxiety,...

  20. Concentrations of Plasma Nucleosomes but Not Cell-Free DNA Are Prognostic in Dogs Following Trauma

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jo-Annie Letendre, Robert Goggs

    Trauma is common in dogs and causes significant morbidity and mortality, but it remains a challenge to assess prognosis in these patients. This study aimed to investigate the use of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and nucleosome concentrations as prognostic biomarkers in canine trauma. Using a...