A comparison of body size, coat condition and endoparasite diversity of wild Barbary macaques exposed to different levels of tourism
Contributor(s):: Borg, C., Majolo, B., Qarro, M., Semple, S.
Primate tourism is a rapidly growing industry with the potential to provide considerable conservation benefits. However, assessing the impact of tourists on the animals involved is vital to ensure that the conservation value of primate tourism is maximized. In this study, we compared body size,...
A note on the effect of controlling stable flies ( Stomxys calcitrans ) in the resting activity and pen distribution of dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Vitela, I., Cruz-Vazquez, C., Orihuela, A.
This study investigated the effect of controlling stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans) on the number of dairy cows lying down and their pen distribution. The study randomly assigned 80 Holstein cows to 1 of 2 groups. The treated group (T) included cows individually sprayed with insecticide when...
A review of mulesing and other methods to control flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep
Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.
Flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep has the potential to have a major impact on the welfare of significant numbers of sheep worldwide, but particularly in Australia. The main control method used in Australia, the mulesing operation to remove folds of skin from the hindquarters of the sheep, is...
A study of the interactions of human, pig, and the human pork tapeworm
Contributor(s):: Nemeth, D. J.
The role of pigsty-privies on Cheju Island, South Korea, in the transmission of helminth parasites from pig to man is discussed with particular reference to Taenia solium. It appears that pigsty-privies reduce the incidence of intestinal nematode infections in the human population but not that of...
A survey of canine heartworm awareness in Grenada, West Indies
Contributor(s):: Lohmann, S., Sage, S., Stone, D., Gibson, K.
Heartworm is a common parasite of dogs in Grenada, West Indies, due to the tropical climate and large number of mosquitoes. Because Grenada is a developing country and a small island, resources and education on heartworm are limited. In an effort to raise awareness of canine heartworm and the...
Agricultural practices, ecology and ethics in the Third World
Contributor(s):: Westra, L. S., Bowen, K. L., Behe, B. K.
The increasing demand for horticultural products for nutritional and economic purposes by lesser developed countries (LDCs) is well documented. Technological demands of the LDCs producing horticultural products are also increasing. Pesticide use is an integral component of most agricultural...
Altered aggression in different sized groups of crayfish supports a dynamic social behaviour model
Contributor(s):: Patullo, B. W., Baird, H. P., Macmillan, D. L.
Living in groups with conspecifics can increase an animal's fitness in the wild. A social environment may also be imposed by commercial farming industries. One important measure of competition and group dynamics is the level of aggressive interaction. This can also influence the level of damage...
Animal behaviour, animal welfare and the scientific study of affect. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Fraser, D.
Many questions about animal welfare involve the affective states of animals (pain, fear, distress) and people look to science to clarify these issues as a basis for practices, policies and standards. However, the science of the mid twentieth century tended to be silent on matters of animal affect...
Animal-assisted therapy: New disinfectant list of DVG for "Established veterinary practice and animal shelters "Tiergestutzte Therapien: Neue Desinfektionsmittelliste der DVG fur die Bereiche "Niedergelassene Veterinarpraxis und Tierheime"
Contributor(s):: Rheinbaben, F. von, Werner, S.
This article presents a list of some of the veterinary disinfectants/drugs recommended by the German Veterinary Society for private animal hospitals and animal shelters highlighting the indications, efficacy, metabolism, dosage effects, and pharmokinetics of each product.
Contributor(s):: Goldstein, E. J. C., Greene, C. E., Schlossberg, D.
This chapter focuses on diseases transmitted from cats to humans. The diseases transmitted by inhalation (bordetellosis, plague and Q fever), vectors (ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, cat scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, flea-borne spotted fever, murine typhus and leishmaniasis), faecal-oral...
Assessing the effectiveness of the Birdsbesafe anti-predation collar cover in reducing predation on wildlife by pet cats in Western Australia
Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Fontaine, J. B., Bryant, K. A., Calver, M. C.
Many pet cats hunt and, irrespective of whether or not this threatens wildlife populations, distressed owners may wish to curtail hunting while allowing their pets to roam. Therefore we evaluated the effectiveness of three patterned designs (simple descriptions being rainbow, red and yellow) of...
Attitudes toward animals: a study of Portuguese children
Contributor(s):: Almeida, A., Vasconcelos, C., Strecht-Ribeiro, O.
In this study we analyzed the attitudes toward different animals in 210 Portuguese children: 107 boys and 103 girls, aged between 8 and 10 years, attending the 3rd and 4th years of primary school. We used a questionnaire with two distinct parts. In the first part, the children were asked about...
Avian diets in a saline ecosystem: Great Salt Lake, Utah, USA
Contributor(s):: Roberts, Anthony J.
Bees making art: insect aesthetics and the ecological moment
Contributor(s):: Kosut, M., Moore, L. J.
Behavior of grazing cattle exposed to small populations of stable flies ( Stomoxys calcitrans L.)
Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Knapp, F. W., Burrus, P. B., Willis, D. C., Cornelius, P. L.
The authors hypothesized that cattle grazing in the presence of low-level infections of stable flies may offset reductions of grazing time by increasing their rate of herbage intake, and that this may contribute to the determination of economic threshold populations. On 4 consecutive days, 4...
Behaviour of juvenile mud crabs Scylla serrata in aquaculture: response to odours of moulting or injured crabs
| Contributor(s):: Wall, D., Paterson, B., Mohan, R.
Behaviour of juvenile mud crabs, Scylla serrata (70–90 mm carapace width, CW) were observed in response to odours of moulting and injured conspecifics and food (pilchard) under controlled flow conditions using bioassay technique. This study was undertaken to better...
Bestia incognita : the horse and its history in the Philippines 1880-1930
| Contributor(s):: Bankoff, G.
Animals and their histories outside of Europe and its off-shoot settler societies are effectively unknown except as far they constitute a source of exotic species with which to stock the cages of western zoos or to provide hapless victims to the rifles of imperial sportsmen. This paper is an...
Bugging the strict vegan
| Contributor(s):: Fischer, B.
Entomophagy-eating insects-is getting a lot of attention these days. However, strict vegans are often uncomfortable with entomophagy based on some version of the precautionary principle: if you aren't sure that a being isn't sentient, then you should treat it as though it is. But not only do...
Cannibalism in juvenile blue-swimmer crabs Portunus pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1766): effects of body size, moult stage and refuge availability
| Contributor(s):: Marshall, S., Warburton, K., Paterson, B., Mann, D.
Factors influencing the rate of cannibalism in juvenile blue-swimmer crabs Portunus pelagicus were investigated under controlled conditions using time-lapse video recordings. This study was undertaken to improve blue-swimmer crab culture and experimentally addressed (1) prey vulnerability (2)...
Cat, dog and house dust mite allergen levels on children's soft toys
| Contributor(s):: Wu, FuSheng, Wu, MeiWen, Ting, MingHui, Crane, J., Siebers, R.
Objective: Children's soft toys are known to harbour house dust mite (HDM) allergens, but little is known whether they harbour cat or dog allergens. The objective of the study was to measure cat (Fel d 1), dog (Can f 1) and HDM allergens on children's soft toys. Methods: Dust was collected from...