Residents' and Tourists' Knowledge of Sea Lions in the Galapagos
Contributor(s):: Lorden, R., Sambrook, R., Mitchell, R. W.
This study examined knowledge of sea lions (Zalophus wollebaeki) for both residents and tourists on San Cristobal Island in the Galapagos, a famous nature tourism destination. Participants (N = 281) obtained through convenience and snowball sampling answered questionnaires about their knowledge...
Brown treesnakes: a potential invasive species for the United States
Contributor(s):: Kahl, S. S., Henke, S. E., Hall, M. A., Britton, D. K.
Efficacy of aerial broadcast baiting in reducing brown treesnake numbers
Contributor(s):: Clark, L., Savarie, P. J.
Efficacy, effort, and cost comparisons of trapping and acetaminophen-baiting for control of brown treesnakes on Guam
Contributor(s):: Clark, L., Savarie, P. J., Shivik, J. A., Breck, S. W., Dorr, B. S.
The welfare of growing pigs in five different production systems in France and Spain: assessment of health
Contributor(s):: Temple, D., Courboulay, V., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Manteca, X.
A case series of biting dogs: characteristics of the dogs, their behaviour, and their victims
Contributor(s):: Guy, N. C., Luescher, U. A., Dohoo, S. E., Spangler, E., Miller, J. B., Dohoo, I. R., Bate, L. A.
The characteristics of 227 biting dogs, their homes, and their victims were gathered in a detailed telephone survey of general veterinary clientele in the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island in 1996. All of the dogs had bitten either someone living in the...
Demographic and aggressive characteristics of dogs in a general veterinary caseload
A retrospective cross-sectional survey of dog-owning veterinary clients was undertaken in 1996 in three Canadian provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island) to generate a population of dogs for future use in a more detailed survey on canine behaviour. The questionnaire was...
Effects of sex, litter size and periconceptional ewe nutrition on the ewe-lamb bond
Contributor(s):: Hernandez, C. E., Matthews, L. R., Oliver, M. H., Bloomfield, F. H., Harding, J. E.
Undernutrition restricted to the time around conception in sheep alters endocrine and metabolic responses in the offspring. Studies in rats suggest that such an early insult can also alter the behaviour of the offspring. We studied the effects of mild maternal periconceptional undernutrition...
Risk factors for dog bites to owners in a general veterinary caseload
A detailed telephone survey of dog owners was undertaken in 1996 to determine the risk factors for biting behaviour of dogs in a household setting. Individuals were selected from a cross-sectional population of veterinary clientele in the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and...
Vigilance behavior and chickens: differences among status and location
Contributor(s):: Burger, J.
The feeding and vigilance behaviour of domestic chickens (Gallus domesticus) was examined in Bali and Sulawesi in Indonesia and in the highlands of New Guinea. The null hypothesis that there was no difference in the time devoted to vigilance as a function of location or condition (sex, age or...
Melanesian axiology, communal land tenure, and the prospect of sustainable development within Papua New Guinea
Contributor(s):: Lea, D. R.
It is argued that some progress in alleviating the social and environmental problems which are beginning to face Papua New Guinea can be achieved by supporting traditional Melanesian values through maintaining the customary system of communal land tenure. The paper contrasts certain Western...
Transforming the integrated conservation and development project (ICDP) approach: observations from the Ranomafana National Park Project, Madagascar
Contributor(s):: Peters, J.
Preservation of the biological diversity and ecosystems in protected areas can be achieved through projects linking conservation of the protected areas with improved standards of living for resident peoples within surrounding buffer zones. This is the hypothetical claim of the integrated...
Feral pigs in Hawai'i: using behavior and ecology to refine control techniques
Contributor(s):: Nogueira, S. S. da C., Nogueira Filho, S. L. G., Bassford, M., Silvius, K., Fragoso, J. M. V.
Early Polynesians settlers were the first to introduce pigs to the Hawaiian Islands. Later Captain Cook brought European pigs during his first voyage to Hawai'i. Many other importations have followed. Animals from these introductions became feral and dispersed throughout the islands. Free-ranging...
Mother location by newborn lambs in repetitive testing: influence of first successful reunion
Contributor(s):: Nowak, R.
A hypothesis was studied that the mother-seeking behaviour of newborn lambs is strongly influenced by previous experience of successful reunion with the mother. In a first group, lambs were initially tested for their ability to seek ewes and to recognise their own dams in a 2-choice test at the...
The influence of peers, lineage and environment on food selection of the criollo goat ( Capra hircus )
Contributor(s):: Biquand, S., Biquand-Guyot, V.
The food selection of 56 criollo goats grazing the same pastures was compared with the previous history of each individual and with lineage relationship inside the flock. The observations were carried out on natural tropical savannas of Martinique (French West Indies), characterized by high plant...
Attitudes and actions of pet caregivers in new providence, the Bahamas, in the context of those of their American counterparts
Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J.
This paper reports the attitudes and actions of 614 Bahamian pet caregivers towards their pets, irrespective of the type of pet kept. The results are discussed in the context of an American study by Pamela Carlisle-Frank and Joshua Frank, published in 2006, which posed similar questions. While...
Attitudes and actions of West Indian dog owners towards neutering their animals: a gender issue?
Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Samuels, D., Mather, J.
A study of the attitudes and actions of 281 dog owners towards neutering their animals is reported from New Providence, The Bahamas, based on a study conducted in 2001. Owner attitudes towards neutering are associated with different sterilization rates of dogs. While owners' gender is associated...
Attitudes and care practices of cat caretakers in Hawaii
Contributor(s):: Zasloff, R. L., Hart, L. A.
Individuals who were maintaining colonies of homeless, free-roaming cats on the island of Oahu were surveyed to learn about the attitudes and care practices associated with colony maintenance. The 75 respondents were primarily female pet owners, middle-aged, living with spouses, well-educated,...
Attitudes towards dogs and other "pets" in Roseau, Dominica
Contributor(s):: Alie, K., Davis, B. W., Fielding, W. J., Galindo Maldonado, F.
This paper reports on the findings of interviews on attitudes towards pet care with 241 heads of households in Roseau, the capital of The Commonwealth of Dominica. Parrots and dogs were the two most preferred animals, and snakes were least liked; however, few respondents (0.8
Dog ownership in the West Indies: a case study from The Bahamas
Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Mather, J.
Results from several studies in The Bahamas, which included 511 interviews with residents and data on 776 dogs, are reported. The composition and characteristics of the dog population are described. The majority of dogs, both owned and unowned, are local mongrels called "potcakes." The median age...