Introduction to the Themed Issue on Human–Animal Interaction and Healthy Human Aging
Contributor(s):: Resnick, Barbara, McCune, Sandra
In 2016, the Gerontological Society of America (GSA) developed a research focus on the benefits and potential risks associated with pets among older adults. With the goal of developing a roadmap for human–animal interaction (HAI) research in older people residing in both the community and...
Factors influencing the welfare of goats in small established groups during the separation and reintegration of individuals
Contributor(s):: Patt, Antonia, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Keil, Nina M.
As a goat's separation from or reintegration into its group is likely to have an adverse effect on the welfare of both the separated goat and the remaining goats in the group, management procedures need to be carried out in a way that minimises their negative impact. In the present study, we...
Does the presence of a human affect the preference of enrichment items in young, isolated pigs?
Contributor(s):: DeBoer, Shelly P., Garner, Joseph P., Lay, Donald C., Eicher, Susan D., Lucas, Jeffrey R., Marchant-Forde, Jeremy N.
Pigs may be housed individually in both production and research settings. Gregarious by nature, pigs kept in isolation may show behavioural and physiological signs of stress. In this study we investigated the preference of individually housed pigs, for social and non-social enrichments. Three...
Effects of Stroking on Salivary Oxytocin and Cortisol in Guide Dogs: Preliminary Results
Contributor(s):: Ogi, A., Mariti, C., Baragli, P., Sergi, V., Gazzano, A.
This pilot study aimed at investigating how salivary oxytocin levels are affected by human interaction and isolation in eight guide dogs (six Labrador retrievers and two golden retrievers; four males and four females, 21.87 +/- 1.36 months old) just before assignment to the blind person. Each dog...
Contact with cows during the young age increases social competence and lowers the cardiac stress reaction in dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Buchli, Cornelia, Raselli, Alice, Bruckmaier, Rupert, Hillmann, Edna
Separating calf and cow within 24h after birth is common practice in dairy farms. Some dairy farmers, however, practice a rearing system in which the calves are nursed by their dam or by foster cows. We investigated if dairy calves reared in such a system (calves with cow-contact) differ in their...
[An educator's perspective, defusing tensions through mediation and the encounter]
Contributor(s):: Rivoire, G.
Mājdzīvnieku loma vientulības mazināšanā: dzīvnieki kā cilvēku aizstājēji
Contributor(s):: Maija Jaunzeme
Vientulība ir universāls, tomēr joprojām līdz galam neizprasts fenomens gan zinātnē, gan sabiedrībā. Vientulības cēloņi var būt dažādi, taču tie vienmēr saistīti ar atšķirtību- vai nu sociālu vai emocionālu. Lai mazinātu vientulības sajūtu, ir nepieciešama kvalitatīva komunikācija,...
Animals' Capability to Bond and the Implications that Follow
Contributor(s):: Falyn Goldfarb
This paper explores the ways in which humans have historically viewed animals, with a focus on Descartes theory automata. Further concepts of the problem of different minds, inherent value, empathy, love, friendship, grief, isolation, anthropomorphism, and biochemistry (focusing on oxytocin,...
Animal companions and one-year survival of patients after discharge from a coronary care unit
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Erika Friedmann, Aaron Honori Katcher, James Lynch, Sue Ann Thomas
This study looked at the effects of social isolation and social support on the survival of patients whowere hospitalized in a CCU with a diagnosis of MI or angina pectoris (AP). Social factors have been reportedto account for some of the variation in the incidence of MI and AP (25,28), but...
Pets and Loneliness
| Contributor(s):: Woodward, John C., Queen, Janel
Effects of pet ownership on the health and well-being of older people
| Contributor(s):: Wells, Y., Rodi, H.
Pets help us to make human friends
| Contributor(s):: Powell, Barbara
Predicting loneliness in the hospitalized elderly: what are the risk factors?
| Contributor(s):: Proffitt, Charlotte, Byrne, Marjorie
The lives of elderly bird-keepers: a case study of Hong Kong
| Contributor(s):: Ngan, Raymond, Leung, Edward
The Management of Loneliness in Aged Care Residents: An Important Therapeutic Target for Gerontological Nursing
| Contributor(s):: Brownie, Sonya, Horstmanshof, Louise
Effects of isolation-rearing on the development of social behaviors in male Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus)
| Contributor(s):: Shimozuru, Michito, Kikusui, Takefumi, Takeuchi, Yukari, Mori, Yuji
Heterogeneity and phylogenetic relationships of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in healthy dogs, cats and their owners
| Contributor(s):: Wan, M. T., Fu, S. Y., Lo, Y. P., Huang, T. M., Cheng, M. M., Chou, C. C.
Aims: To investigate the distribution of staphylococcal enterotoxin genes (se) and the molecular features of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA/MRSA) isolates in the nostrils of healthy pets and their owners. Methods and Results: A total of 114...
Molecular characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains from pet animals and their relationship to human isolates
| Contributor(s):: Strommenger, B., Kehrenberg, C., Kettlitz, C., Cuny, C., Verspohl, J., Witte, W., Schwarz, S.
Objectives: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates from pet animals were characterized and compared with human isolates from clonal complexes most prevalent in Central Europe. Methods: S. aureus isolates were investigated for their in vitro susceptibility to antimicrobial...
Behaviour and physiologic responses of mares to short-term isolation
| Contributor(s):: Strand, S. C., Tiefenbacher, S., Haskell, M., Hosmer, T., McDonnell, S. M., Freeman, D. A.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the behaviour and physiologic responses of mares to removal from an established pasture herd and to isolation in a pasture setting for 6 h (Group I, n=5). Responses of mares in Group I were compared to mares that were transported and returned to the herd...
Behavioural and physiological consequences of acute social defeat in growing gilts: effects of the social environment
| Contributor(s):: Ruis, M. A. W., Groot, J. de, Brake, J. H. A. te, Ekkel, E. D., Burgwal, J. A. van de, Erkens, J. H. F., Engel, B., Buist, W. G., Blokhuis, H. J., Koolhaas, J. M.
Endocrine, behavioural and immunological processes, together with body growth, were evaluated in gilts that were defeated at 10 weeks of age in resident-intruder tests. Immediately after defeat, gilts were either separated from or reunited with a familiar conspecific (litter-mate; always a...