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  1. Awareness concerning optimal pig production management and animal welfare among smallholder farmers in Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Braae, U. C., Penrith, M. L., Ngowi, H. A., Lekule, F., Johansen, M. V.

  2. One Health in Action: Operational Aspects of an Integrated Surveillance System for Zoonoses in Western Kenya

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laura C. Falzon, Lorren Alumasa, Fredrick Amanya, Erastus Kang'ethe, Samuel Kariuki, Kelvin Momanyi, Patrick Muinde, Maurice K. Murungi, Samuel M. Njoroge, Allan Ogendo, Joseph Ogola, Jonathan Rushton, Mark E. J. Woolhouse, Eric M. Fèvre

    Surveillance of diseases in Kenya and elsewhere in East Africa is currently carried out by both human and animal health sectors. However, a recent evaluation highlighted the lack of integration between these sectors, leading to disease under-reporting and inefficiencies. This project aimed to...

  3. Knowledge and Perceptions of, and Attitudes to, Bats by People Living around Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Malindi-Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: Musila, Simon, Prokop, Pavol, Gichuki, Nathan

    Bat populations continue to decline worldwide because of myriad human activities. To enhance bat conservation, human behavior needs to change. Such change can occur, in part, through an understanding of what motivates human actions toward bats. We used a Bat Attitude Questionnaire (BAQ) to...

  4. Variability and Change in Maasai Views of Wildlife and the Implications for Conservation

    | Contributor(s):: Western, David, Manzolillo Nightingale, D. L., Mose, Victor Nyaliki, Johnson, Ole Sipitiek, Kimiti, Kennedy S.

  5. Establishing a One Health office in Kenya

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Murithi Mbabu, Ian Njeru, Sarah File, Eric Osoro, Stella Kiambi, Austine Bitek, Peter Ithondeka, Salome Kairu-Wanyoike, Shanaaz Sharif, Eric Gogstad, Francis Gakuya, Kaitlin Sandhaus, Peninah Munyua, Joel Montgomery, Robert Breiman, Carol Rubin, Kariuki Njenga

    A  One  Health  (OH)  approach  that  integrates human,animal  and  environmental  approaches  to  management  of  zoonotic  diseases  has  gained momentum in the last decadeas part of a strategy to prevent and...

  6. Landuse practices interface:Human-Wildlife conflict in Lupande game management area

    | Contributor(s):: Peter Ngoma

    Human-Wildlife Conflict (HWC) has become a serious threat to the survival of many endangered species in the world. The sighted examples from different countries such as Kenya, Zimbabwe, Zanzibar, Namibia, China and Peru demonstrate the severity of the conflict and suggest that greater in depth...

  7. The effects of wildlife-livestock-human interactions on habitat in the Meru Conservation Area, Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: J. Otuoma

  8. Cattle farmers' preferences for disease-free zones in Kenya: an application of the choice experiment method

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: David Jakinda Otieno, Eric Ruto, Lionel Hubbard

    Management of livestock diseases is important in ensuring food safety to consumers in both domestic and export markets. Various measures are prescribed under the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards (SPS) agreement of the World Trade Organization. In order to prevent the spread of...

  9. Maintaining complex relations with large cats: Maasai and lions in Kenya and Tanzania

    | Contributor(s):: Goldman, Mara J., De Pinho, Joana Roque, Perry, Jennifer

    Research and conservation efforts often occur in areas outside of national parks where people live, often side-by-side and sometimes in conflict with large carnivores. In Tanzania and Kenya much of this work employs a human-wildlife conflict perspective and is based in Maasai areas, where many of...

  10. Antecedents to the Community Wildlife Conservation Programme in Kenya, 1946-1964

    | Contributor(s):: Matheka, Reuben

  11. The connection between animal disease and human health

    | Contributor(s):: International Livestock Research Institute

    This photofilm describes the work and expected impact of the ILRI-Wellcome Trust 'People Animals and Their Zoonoses Project' that is investigating the impact of disease pathogens in people and animals in Busia district in western Kenya.

  12. Dairy Cow Ownership and Child Nutritional Status in Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: Charles F. Nicholson, Lucy Mwangi, Steven J. Staal and Philip K. Thornton

    This study examines the hypothesis that dairy cow ownership improves child nutritional status. Using household data from coastal and highland Kenya, three econometric model formulations are estimated. Positive impacts on chronic malnutrition are observed for coastal Kenya. No negative effects on...

  13. Action Research, Knowledge & Impact: Experiences of the Global Livestock CRSP Pastoral Risk Management Project in the Southern Ethiopian Rangelands

    | Contributor(s):: David Layne Coppock

    The PARIMA project began in 1997 with a mission to conduct research, outreach, and training to improve pastoral risk management in Ethiopia and Kenya. By late 2009 it is clear that the project has achieved positive impact on the lives of many pastoralists on Ethiopia’s Borana Plateau. This...

  14. Predicting spatial aspects of human-elephant conflict

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sitati, N. W., Walpole, M. J., Smith, R. J., Leader-Williams, N.

    Human–elephant conflict (HEC) in Africa occurs wherever these two species coincide, and poses serious challenges to wildlife managers, local communities and elephants alike. Mitigation requires a detailed understanding of underlying patterns and processes. Although temporal patterns of...

  15. Potential of corporate social responsibility for poverty alleviation among contract sugarcane farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt, Western Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: Waswa, F., Netondo, G., Maina, L., Naisiko, T., Wangamati, J.

    This study examines the potential of corporate social responsibility for poverty alleviation among contract sugarcane farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt,Western Kenya. Although contract sugarcane farming is the most dominant and popular land use among farmers in Nzoia Sugarbelt, results from a 2007...

  16. Effects of economic downturns on mortality of wild African elephants

    | Contributor(s):: Wittemyer, G.

    Declines in economic activity and associated changes in human livelihood strategies can increase threats of species overexploitation. This is exemplified by the effects of economic crises, which often drive intensification of subsistence poaching and greater reliance on natural resources. Whereas...

  17. Human behavior influences infectious disease emergence at the human-animal interface

    | Contributor(s):: Alexander, K. A., McNutt, J. W.

    Although human behavior is frequently cited as a factor influencing the emergence of disease at the human-animal interface, few empirical studies have demonstrated this relationship. We compare humans and their domestic animals living in close proximity to populations of the endangered African...

  18. Behavioural responses of cattle to shared foraging with wild herbivores in an East African rangeland

    | Contributor(s):: Odadi, W. O., Okeyo-Owuor, J. B., Young, T. P.

    We assessed whether prior foraging by wild herbivores affected foraging behaviour of cattle in Laikipia rangeland, Kenya, during February 2001, August 2001 and February 2002. The study compared cattle bite rate, step rate and bites per step in plots exclusively accessible to cattle and those...

  19. A review of range production and management extension activities in Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: Maranga, E. K.

    The paper presents an overview of the development of range management extension activities in Kenya. The status quo of range management activities is discussed with particular reference to extension infrastructure, scope of extension interventions and mechanisms of dissemination of these...

  20. Effect of feed intake on the behaviour of stallhoused sows

    | Contributor(s):: Hunter, E. J.