The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Impact of lameness on gait characteristics and lying behaviour of zero grazed dairy cattle in early lactation
Contributor(s):: Blackie, Nicola, Bleach, Emma, Amory, Jonathan, Scaife, Jes
The present study examines the impact of lameness on the time budgets and gait of dairy cattle during early lactation. Automated assessment of activity together with an objective method (using video motion analysis) of assessing the gait of the cattle was utilised. Twenty-five Holstein dairy cows...
The role of biomechanical analysis of horse and rider in equitation science
Contributor(s):: Clayton, Hilary M., Hobbs, Sarah-Jane
Equestrian sports are unique in that they involve the participation of two athletes that differ greatly in morphology yet are able to move together harmoniously; experienced riders not only move in phase with the horse, they can even improve the consistency of the horse’s movements. The motion of...
To What Extent Can the Use of a Mobility Assistance Dog Reduce Upper Limb Efforts When Manual Wheelchair Users Ascend a Ramp?
Contributor(s):: Martin-Lemoyne, Valérie, Gagnon, Dany H., Routhier, François, Poissant, Lise, Tousignant, Michel, Corriveau, Hélène, Vincent, Claude
Boots on horses: limb protection or hyperflexion training aids in the showjumping horse. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
Contributor(s):: Murphy, J.
Showjumping riders regularly employ various schooling strategies to control the horse's jump stride kinematics (JSK). Strategies include plyometric training regimes with fences of different heights and widths set at specific distances. Gymnastic grids teach the horse to jump cleanly. Rapping,...
Kinematic analysis of sit to stand by persons with rheumatoid arthritis supported by a service dog
Contributor(s):: Noguchi, Hiromi, Hoshiyama, Minoru, Tagawa, Yoshikatsu
Purpose. The objective of this study was to quantify the kinesiological effect of the assistance provided by service dogs on transferring from sit to stand in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods.Twenty-four participants performed a total of eight experimental transfers of sit to...
Problems at the human-horse interface and prospects for smart textile solutions
Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Sundin, M., Karlsteen, M., Berglin, L., Ternstrom, J., Hawson, L., Richardsson, H., McLean, A. N.
The significant potential for so-called "smart textiles" in the design of the next generation of devices that measure pressure, tension, moisture, and heat at the human-horse interface is discussed in this article. Research techniques from theoretical and experimental physics laboratories,...
The influence of walking speed on equine back motion in relation to hippotherapy. (Special Issue: Motion analysis in animals.)
Contributor(s):: Janura, M., Dvorakova, T., Peham, C., Svoboda, Z., Elfmark, M.
Neuromechanical control of locomotion in intact and incomplete spinal cord injured rats
Contributor(s):: Anil Kumar Thota
Rodent models are being extensively used to investigate the effects of traumatic injury and to develop and assess the mechanisms of repair and regeneration. We present quantitative assessment of 2D kinematics of overground walking and for the first time 3D joint angle kinematics of all four limbs...
Kinematics of saddle and rider in high-level dressage horses performing collected walk on a treadmill
Contributor(s):: Bystrom, A., Rhodin, M., Peinen, K. von, Weishaupt, M. A., Roepstorff, L.
A note on the linear and temporal stride kinematics of Olympic show jumping horses between two fences
Contributor(s):: Hole, S. L., Clayton, H. M., Lanovaz, J. L.
The aims of this study were to describe the temporal and linear stride kinematics of horses within a two-stride combination of fences and to make comparisons between the first and second intermediate strides. Video recordings (60 Hz) were made of eight horses jumping two vertical fences that were...
Contributor(s):: Blackie, N., Bleach, E., Amory, J., Scaife, J.
Welfare of sport horses: role of the rider
Contributor(s):: Auvinet, B., Coureau, C., Galloux, P.
The technique of jumping a steeplechase fence by competing event-horses
Contributor(s):: Leach, D. H., Ormrod, K.
Temporal characteristics of the fox trot, a symmetrical equine gait
Contributor(s):: Clayton, H. M., Bradbury, J. W.
The temporal characteristics of the equine gait known as the fox trot are described. Results were obtained from cine films of three horses, with five strides being analysed for each horse. The fox trot was found to have a lateral sequence of limb placements: left hind, left front, right hind,...