Changing Human Behavior to Improve Animal Welfare: A Longitudinal Investigation of Training Laboratory Animal Personnel about Heterospecific Play or "Rat Tickling"
Contributor(s):: LaFollette, M. R., Cloutier, S., Brady, C. M., O'Haire, M. E., Gaskill, B. N.
Emotions and Ethical Decision-Making in Animal Ethics Committees
| Contributor(s):: Elisabeth Tjärnström, Elin M. Weber, Jan Hultgren, Helena Röcklinsberg
Ethical evaluation of projects involving animal testing is mandatory within the EU and other countries. However, the evaluation process has been subject to criticism, e.g., that the committees are not balanced or democratic enough and that the utilitarian weighting of harm and benefit that is...
The 3Rs and Humane Experimental Technique: Implementing Change
| Contributor(s):: Robert C. Hubrecht, Elizabeth Carter
In 1959, the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) Scholars Russell & Burch published the Principles of Humane Experimental Technique in which they laid out the principles of the Three Rs. However, the Three Rs owed much to others. It was UFAW and, in particular, UFAW’s...
Playful handling as social enrichment for individually- and group-housed laboratory rats
| Contributor(s):: Cloutier, Sylvie, Baker, Chelsea, Wahl, Kim, Panksepp, Jaak, Newberry, Ruth C.
Social housing is recommended for laboratory rats because they are highly social mammals but research constraints or medical issues often demand individual housing and, when social housing is practiced, it typically involves housing with only one or two conspecifics. We hypothesized that playful...
A pilot study on the effects of a change in behavioural management on the behaviour of captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
| Contributor(s):: Kranendonk, Godelieve, Schippers, Eva P.
The debate on the use of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in biomedical research has been ongoing for several years now. In 2012, the decision was made to retire a large number of laboratory chimpanzees in the United States of America. Relocation of these animals to sanctuaries, rescue centres, and...
Playful handling by caretakers reduces fear of humans in the laboratory rat
| Contributor(s):: Cloutier, Sylvie, Panksepp, Jaak, Newberry, Ruth C.
Handling of laboratory rats can increase physiological and emotional stress, leading to a fearful relationship with humans. We hypothesized that the affective quality of handling techniques used during routine care influences the animals’ fear of humans. We assessed responses of male...
Are the effects of enrichment due to the presence of multiple items or a particular item in the cages of laboratory rat?
| Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, Usama A.
Although the effects of environmental enrichment on laboratory rodents have been extensively described, it is not yet known whether these effects were simply due to the presence of multiple items in the cage or due solely to the presence of a particular item. This experiment was therefore carried...
The inescapable problem of lab animal restraint | Garet Lahvis | TEDxMtHood
| Contributor(s):: Garet Lahvis
Garet Lahvis is a pioneer in academic research on the mental experiences of laboratory mice and is an internationally recognized scientific expert on empathy. Using sophisticated behavioral experiments, his laboratory discovered that mice enjoy living with other mice and they can also...
Laboratory Animal Welfare Meets Human Welfare: A Cross-Sectional Study of Professional Quality of Life, Including Compassion Fatigue in Laboratory Animal Personnel
| Contributor(s):: LaFollette, M. R., Riley, M. C., Cloutier, S., Brady, C. M., O'Haire, M. E., Gaskill, B. N.
The effects of enrichment novelty versus complexity in cages of group-housed rats (Rattus norvegicus)
| Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, Usama A., Mendl, Michael T.
Although experimental work on environmental enrichment has answered many important questions, it is not yet known whether beneficial effects of enrichment are more strongly influenced by regular provision of novel objects, or by the diversity of objects present at any one time. In a...
Effect of a shelf-furnished screen on space utilisation and social behaviour of indoor group-housed cats (Felis silvestris catus)
| Contributor(s):: Desforges, Emma J., Moesta, Alexandra, Farnworth, Mark J.
The environment of the laboratory cat can be restrictive and may impact their welfare. Enrichment is often provided to alleviate welfare impacts but is seldom assessed or validated for efficacy. This study investigated the effect of novel room furniture (a screen) on the expression of agonistic...
How To Help Animals Through Innovation | N.G. Jayasimha | TEDxShivNadarUniversity
| Contributor(s):: N. G. Jayasimha
“Most of these animals get more space in your microwave, than when they are alive.” In an extremely captivating talk, Mr. N G Jayasimha sheds light on how animals are suffering today in the name of science and advancements. With the epitome of our endless desires, we’ve been...
Molecular Characterization of Pneumococcal Isolates from Pets and Laboratory Animals
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Mark van der Linden, Adnan Al-Lahham, Werner Nicklas, Ralf René Reinert
Background Between 1986 and 2008 Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from 41 pets/zoo animals (guinea pigs (n = 17), cats (n = 12), horses (n = 4), dogs (n = 3), dolphins (n = 2), rat (n = 2), gorilla (n = 1)) treated in medical veterinary laboratories and zoos, and 44 laboratory animals...
The Role of Clinical Veterinary Medicine in the Assessment and Treatment of Laboratory Animal Distress
| Contributor(s):: V. Hampshire
It is doubtful that the scientific community will ever arrive at a consensus definition for distress as it may be attempted for the purposes of improving animal welfare in and across the myriad of research, testing and teaching facilities in the United States and throughout the minuet of...
Comportamento de actividade e de vocalização de borregos em pré-desmame das raças Ile de France e Churra da Terra Quente num teste individual de interacção homem-animal
| Contributor(s):: Severiano Silva, José Carlos Almeida, Paulo J. Fontes, C. Castro, R. Machado, Jorge Manuel Teixeira de Azevedo
Na realização deste trabalho foram utilizados 12 borregos da raça Ile de France (IDF) e 12 borregos da raça Churra da Terra Quente (CTQ) com 104 dias de idade. Os borregos foram sujeitos a um teste que seguiu procedimento proposto por Tallet et al. (2005) e adaptado...
How do human-animal emotional relationships influence public perceptions of animal use?
| Contributor(s):: Cox, L., Montrose, T.
Human-animal emotional relationships have a complicated interplay with public perceptions of the morality of animal use. Humans may build emotional relationships with companion species. These species are not usually intensively farmed in the United Kingdom, but they may be utilized during animal...
May 18 2017
2017 North Carolina Workshop in Laboratory Animal Medicine
Effacing the human: Rachel Rosenthal, rats and shared creative agency
| Contributor(s):: Carrie Rohman
Animal Experimentation as a Form of Rescue
| Contributor(s):: Alexander Zambrano Mr.
In this paper I explore a new approach to the ethics of animal experimentation by conceiving of it as a form of rescue. The notion of rescue, I suggest, involves some moral agent(s) performing an action or series of actions, whose end is to prevent or alleviate serious harm to another party, harm...
Think Outside the Cage: Moving Towards New Understandings of Companion Rabbits
| Contributor(s):: Ruthann Drummond
Rabbits are the third most common companion mammal in Western homes, and their popularity continues to rise. However, they are also one of the most broadly used animal resources around the world, commonly being bred for their food, their fur, and their utility as biological models in animal...