Health comparison between guinea pigs raised in uncontrolled and controlled environments
Contributor(s):: Laksmindra, Fitria, Nastiti, Wijayanti, Tuty, Arisuryanti, Salasia, S. I. O.
Attitudes in China, Japan, and the Netherlands Toward the Use of Animals in Medical Research
Contributor(s):: Su, Bingtao, Zhang, Chao, Martens, Pim
The use of animals in medical research raises ethical challenges. In light of this moral issue, this study sought to investigate and compare people’s attitudes toward the use of ten animal species in medical research based on data collected from China (n = 504; men = 294, women = 210), Japan (n =...
"But It's Just a Fish": Understanding the Challenges of Applying the 3Rs in Laboratory Aquariums in the UK
| Contributor(s):: Reuben Message, Beth Greenhough
Adopting a social science perspective and qualitative methodology on the problem of laboratory fish welfare, this paper examines some underlying social factors and drivers that influence thinking, priorities and implementation of fish welfare initiatives and the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction and...
Empathy and perception of animal welfare among Mexican students of professions related to the use, management and care of animalsEmpatia y percepcion del bienestar animal entre estudiantes mexicanos de profesiones relacionadas al uso, manejo y cuidad
| Contributor(s):: Torres Cardona, M. G., Sanchez Mendez, A. I., Almaraz Buendia, I., Peralta Ortiz, J. J. G., Meza Nieto, M., Alejos de la Fuente, J. I.
Rabbit meat: valuable nutrition or too-cute-to-eat?
| Contributor(s):: Leroy, F., Petracci, M.
Rabbit meat is a component of traditional diets, often incorporated into iconic dishes of regional cuisine. Its consumption can be traced back to the ancient civilisations of the Mediterranean and beyond, well into the Palaeolithic era. Even though it has been representing considerable...
Improvising care: Managing experimental animals at a Japanese laboratory
| Contributor(s):: Suzuki, Wakana
Does 'playtime' reduce stimulus-seeking and other boredom-like behaviour in laboratory ferrets?
| Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Raffle, J., Bizley, J. K.
Do rabbits need each other? Effects of single versus paired housing on rabbit body temperature and behaviour in a UK shelter
| Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Shields, P.
Refinements to captive chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) care: a self-medication paradigm
| Contributor(s):: Webb, S. J. N., Hau, J., Schapiro, S. J.
Working with laboratory rodents in Spain: a survey on welfare and wellbeing
| Contributor(s):: Goni-Balentziaga, O., Ortega-Saez, I., Vila, S., Azkona, G.
Changing Human Behavior to Improve Animal Welfare: A Longitudinal Investigation of Training Laboratory Animal Personnel about Heterospecific Play or "Rat Tickling"
| Contributor(s):: LaFollette, M. R., Cloutier, S., Brady, C. M., O'Haire, M. E., Gaskill, B. N.
Despite evidence for rat tickling’s animal welfare benefits, the technique is rarely implemented in part because of a lack of training. This study’s purpose was to determine the efficacy of online-only or online + hands-on training programs on key outcomes for rat tickling in...
Emotions and Ethical Decision-Making in Animal Ethics Committees
| Contributor(s):: Elisabeth Tjärnström, Elin M. Weber, Jan Hultgren, Helena Röcklinsberg
Ethical evaluation of projects involving animal testing is mandatory within the EU and other countries. However, the evaluation process has been subject to criticism, e.g., that the committees are not balanced or democratic enough and that the utilitarian weighting of harm and benefit that is...
The 3Rs and Humane Experimental Technique: Implementing Change
| Contributor(s):: Robert C. Hubrecht, Elizabeth Carter
In 1959, the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) Scholars Russell & Burch published the Principles of Humane Experimental Technique in which they laid out the principles of the Three Rs. However, the Three Rs owed much to others. It was UFAW and, in particular, UFAW’s...
Playful handling as social enrichment for individually- and group-housed laboratory rats
| Contributor(s):: Cloutier, Sylvie, Baker, Chelsea, Wahl, Kim, Panksepp, Jaak, Newberry, Ruth C.
Social housing is recommended for laboratory rats because they are highly social mammals but research constraints or medical issues often demand individual housing and, when social housing is practiced, it typically involves housing with only one or two conspecifics. We hypothesized that playful...
A pilot study on the effects of a change in behavioural management on the behaviour of captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
| Contributor(s):: Kranendonk, Godelieve, Schippers, Eva P.
The debate on the use of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in biomedical research has been ongoing for several years now. In 2012, the decision was made to retire a large number of laboratory chimpanzees in the United States of America. Relocation of these animals to sanctuaries, rescue centres, and...
Playful handling by caretakers reduces fear of humans in the laboratory rat
| Contributor(s):: Cloutier, Sylvie, Panksepp, Jaak, Newberry, Ruth C.
Handling of laboratory rats can increase physiological and emotional stress, leading to a fearful relationship with humans. We hypothesized that the affective quality of handling techniques used during routine care influences the animals’ fear of humans. We assessed responses of male...
Are the effects of enrichment due to the presence of multiple items or a particular item in the cages of laboratory rat?
| Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, Usama A.
Although the effects of environmental enrichment on laboratory rodents have been extensively described, it is not yet known whether these effects were simply due to the presence of multiple items in the cage or due solely to the presence of a particular item. This experiment was therefore carried...
Laboratory Animal Welfare Meets Human Welfare: A Cross-Sectional Study of Professional Quality of Life, Including Compassion Fatigue in Laboratory Animal Personnel
| Contributor(s):: LaFollette, M. R., Riley, M. C., Cloutier, S., Brady, C. M., O'Haire, M. E., Gaskill, B. N.
The effects of enrichment novelty versus complexity in cages of group-housed rats (Rattus norvegicus)
| Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, Usama A., Mendl, Michael T.
Although experimental work on environmental enrichment has answered many important questions, it is not yet known whether beneficial effects of enrichment are more strongly influenced by regular provision of novel objects, or by the diversity of objects present at any one time. In a...
Effect of a shelf-furnished screen on space utilisation and social behaviour of indoor group-housed cats (Felis silvestris catus)
| Contributor(s):: Desforges, Emma J., Moesta, Alexandra, Farnworth, Mark J.
The environment of the laboratory cat can be restrictive and may impact their welfare. Enrichment is often provided to alleviate welfare impacts but is seldom assessed or validated for efficacy. This study investigated the effect of novel room furniture (a screen) on the expression of agonistic...