How do human-animal emotional relationships influence public perceptions of animal use?
Contributor(s):: Cox, L., Montrose, T.
Human-animal emotional relationships have a complicated interplay with public perceptions of the morality of animal use. Humans may build emotional relationships with companion species. These species are not usually intensively farmed in the United Kingdom, but they may be utilized during animal...
May 18 2017
2017 North Carolina Workshop in Laboratory Animal Medicine
Dec 05 2016
Scientists Center for Animal Welfare (SCAW) 2016 Winter Conference
May 12 2016
2016 North Carolina- Workshop in Laboratory Animal Medicine
c 22 Animals for Research Act
Antimony: The Use, Rights, and Regulation of Laboratory Animals
Contributor(s):: Brenda L. Thomas
'In recent years, the problem, plight, and philosophy behind the use of animals in laboratories, schools, and industries has caused many to formulate an opinion on animal experimentation. It is simple to postulate a Monday morning quarterback philosophy - merely weigh the...
Laboratory Animal Act: A Legislative Proposal
Contributor(s):: David Favre
In one recent experiment, mongrel dogs were anesthetized after which thirty-five percent of their body was burned to the third degree by the application of a two hundred degree centigrade hot plate to their skin.' In 1983, researchers at the New Jersey Medical School...
Oct 22 2015
119th United States Animal Health Association (USAHA) and 58th American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnostics (AAVLD) Annual Meeting
Playful handling of laboratory rats is more beneficial when applied before than after routine injections
Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Wahl, K. L., Panksepp, J., Newberry, R. C.
The ability of positive affective states to counteract negative states engendered by routine medical procedures remains poorly studied. In laboratory rats, positive affect typically associated with rough-and-tumble play can be induced through human "hand play" - the experience of being "tickled"...
Influence of pet ownership on opinions towards the use of animals in biomedical research
Contributor(s):: Hagelin, J., Johansson, B., Hau, J., Carlsson, H. E.
The present study investigated the relationship between pet ownership and opinions on the use of animals in medical research. A questionnaire was answered by 484 schoolteacher students and 156 preschool teacher students from Uppsala University, Sweden [date not given]. Animal use was found to be...
Perceptions among university students in Seville (Spain) of the rabbit as livestock and as a companion animal
| Contributor(s):: González-Redondo, P., Contreras-Chacón, G. M.
A study of three IACUCs and their views of scientific merit and alternatives
| Contributor(s):: Graham, K.
Two ethical issues facing Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs) today are assessing scientific merit and the use of alternatives in research proposals. This study evaluated 3 IACUCs using a 19-question survey, with a 77.8% response rate. Although 76% of members answered that...
A tail of two monkeys: social housing for nonhuman primates in the research laboratory setting
| Contributor(s):: Seelig, D.
Despite great adaptability, most nonhuman primates require regular tactile contact with conspecifics for their psychological well being. By illustrating the inherent value of social contact and by providing clues to the best ways of satisfying this need, behavioral studies are useful in designing...
Animal experimentation in cancer research: a citation analysis
| Contributor(s):: Dagg, A. I.
Cancer research involves the use of millions of nonhuman animals and billions of dollars in public funds each year, but cures for the disease remain elusive. This article suggests ways to reduce the use of animals and save money by identifying articles that garnered few citations over the 9 years...
Artificial weaning of Old World monkeys: benefits and costs
| Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.
Permanent mother-infant separation prior to natural weaning is a common husbandry practice in monkey breeding colonies. In the United States, all eight Regional Primate Research Centres have such colonies. Under undisturbed conditions, Old World monkey mothers wean their infants at the age of...
Behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting giant pandas from China to the United States
| Contributor(s):: Snyder, R. J., Perdue, B. M., Powell, D. M., Forthman, D. L., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.
Zoological institutions strive to ensure the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity. Part of this effort involves reducing the level of distress experienced by an animal to the greatest extent possible. However, some necessary zoo management practices such as transportation induce stress...
Behavioral assessment of intermittent wheel running and individual housing in mice in the laboratory
| Contributor(s):: Pham, T. M., Brene, S., Baumans, V.
Physical cage enrichment - exercise devices for rodents in the laboratory - often includes running wheels. This study compared responses of mice in enriched physical and social conditions and in standard social conditions to wheel running, individual housing, and open-field test. The study...
Bioacoustic monitoring of aggression in group-housed rhesus macaques
| Contributor(s):: McCowan, B., Rommeck, I.
Many captive primate facilities house rhesus macaques in multimale-multifemale social groups in large enclosures that simulate the natural social and environmental features characteristic of the species, enhancing their reproductive performance as well as their psychological well-being, yet one...
Blood collection procedure of laboratory primates: a neglected variable in biomedical research
| Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V., Reinhardt, A.
A survey of 75 biomedical articles dealing with stress-dependent blood parameters ni caged primates revealed that the conditions under which blood collection occurred were in most cases described either not at all or so haphazardly that it would be impossible to determine if humane handling...
Cage size preference in rats in the laboratory
| Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E. G.
The size of an enclosure is an integral part of how well it accommodates a nonhuman animal's welfare; however, most enrichment studies concentrate on modifying the area inside the enclosure rather than enlarging it. It has been suggested that rats have little need for more cage space, but there...