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  1. How do human-animal emotional relationships influence public perceptions of animal use?

    Contributor(s):: Cox, L., Montrose, T.

    Human-animal emotional relationships have a complicated interplay with public perceptions of the morality of animal use. Humans may build emotional relationships with companion species. These species are not usually intensively farmed in the United Kingdom, but they may be utilized during animal...

  2. c 22 Animals for Research Act

  3. Antimony: The Use, Rights, and Regulation of Laboratory Animals

    Contributor(s):: Brenda L. Thomas

    'In recent years, the problem, plight, and philosophy behind the use of animals in laboratories, schools, and industries has caused many to formulate an opinion on animal experimentation. It is simple to postulate a Monday morning quarterback philosophy - merely weigh the...

  4. Laboratory Animal Act: A Legislative Proposal

    Contributor(s):: David Favre

    In one recent experiment, mongrel dogs were anesthetized after which thirty-five percent of their body was burned to the third degree by the application of a two hundred degree centigrade hot plate to their skin.' In 1983, researchers at the New Jersey Medical School...

  5. Playful handling of laboratory rats is more beneficial when applied before than after routine injections

    Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Wahl, K. L., Panksepp, J., Newberry, R. C.

    The ability of positive affective states to counteract negative states engendered by routine medical procedures remains poorly studied. In laboratory rats, positive affect typically associated with rough-and-tumble play can be induced through human "hand play" - the experience of being "tickled"...

  6. Influence of pet ownership on opinions towards the use of animals in biomedical research

    Contributor(s):: Hagelin, J., Johansson, B., Hau, J., Carlsson, H. E.

    The present study investigated the relationship between pet ownership and opinions on the use of animals in medical research. A questionnaire was answered by 484 schoolteacher students and 156 preschool teacher students from Uppsala University, Sweden [date not given]. Animal use was found to be...

  7. Perceptions among university students in Seville (Spain) of the rabbit as livestock and as a companion animal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: González-Redondo, P., Contreras-Chacón, G. M.

  8. Environmental enrichment alters the behavioral profile of ratsnakes ( Elaphe )

    | Contributor(s):: Almli, L. M., Burghardt, G. M.

    This study investigated the effects of environmentally enriched and standard laboratory housing conditions on behavioral performance in 16 subadult ratsnakes (Elaphe obsoleta) using a split-clutch design. In a problem-solving task, snakes housed in enriched environments (EC) exhibited shorter...

  9. The use of cage enrichment to reduce male mouse aggression

    | Contributor(s):: Ambrose, N., Morton, D. B.

    The complete cleaning of cages has been shown to reduce the level of intermale aggression in mice. This study investigated the effects of the addition of enrichment objects on post cage-cleaning aggression in male BALB/c mice. Enrichment objects were found to significantly reduce aggressive...

  10. Positive reinforcement training moderates only high levels of abnormal behavior in singly housed rhesus macaques

    | Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Bloomsmith, M., Neu, K., Griffis, C., Maloney, M., Oettinger, B., Schoof, V. A. M., Martinez, M.

    This study evaluated the application of positive reinforcement training (PRT) as an intervention for abnormal behaviors in singly housed laboratory rhesus macaques at 2 large primate facilities. Training involved basic control behaviors and body-part presentation. The study compared baseline...

  11. Distribution of nonhuman animal versus nonanimal research funding at four U.S. Institutions in fiscal year 2000

    | Contributor(s):: Bogle, R., Greek, R.

    Much controversy exists concerning the use of nonhuman animals in biomedical research. Textbooks, articles, and journals are dedicated to studying animal models, studying alternatives, and debating various aspects of the issue. Surprisingly however, very little information exists on how many...

  12. Combination therapy reduces self-injurious behavior in a chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ): a case report

    | Contributor(s):: Bourgeois, S. R., Vazquez, M., Brasky, K.

    Self-injurious behavior (SIB) remains a severe and intractable abnormal behavior for nonhuman primates in diverse settings and is a significant concern for veterinarians and behavioral scientists. To date, no single pharmacological, behavioral, social, or environmental intervention method has...

  13. Genetically modified laboratory animals - what welfare problems do they face?

    | Contributor(s):: Buehr, M., Hjorth, P. J., Hansen, A. K., Sandoe, P.

    In this article, we respond to public concern expressed about the welfare of genetically modified (GM) non-human animals. As a contribution to the debate on this subject, we attempt in this article to determine in what situations the practice of genetic modification in rodents may generate...

  14. Do audible and ultrasonic sounds of intensities common in animal facilities affect the autonomic nervous system of rodents?

    | Contributor(s):: Burwell, A. K., Baldwin, A. L.

    In animal facilities, noises, often poorly controlled, occur over a wide range of frequencies and intensities. Evidence demonstrates that audible noise and ultrasound have deleterious effects on rodent physiology, but it is not known how they affect the autonomic nervous system (ANS). This study...

  15. Animal experimentation in cancer research: a citation analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Dagg, A. I.

    Cancer research involves the use of millions of nonhuman animals and billions of dollars in public funds each year, but cures for the disease remain elusive. This article suggests ways to reduce the use of animals and save money by identifying articles that garnered few citations over the 9 years...

  16. Genetic engineering and other factors that might affect human-animal interactions in the research setting

    | Contributor(s):: Comber, J., Griffin, G.

    Evidence exists, particularly in the welfare literature of nonhuman animals on the farm, that the interaction between nonhuman animals and the personnel who care for them can have a strong effect on the animals' behavior, productivity, and welfare. Among species commonly used for biomedical...

  17. Levels of citation of nonhuman animal studies conducted at a Canadian Research hospital

    | Contributor(s):: Dagg, A. I., Seidle, T. K.

    The publication of scientific articles that receive few or no citations raises questions of the appropriate use of resources as well as ethics. In the case of animal research, the ethics issue extends beyond human patients to nonhuman animals, as the research subjects them to pain and, typically,...

  18. Outcome of cats adopted from a biomedical research program

    | Contributor(s):: DiGangi, B. A., Crawford, P. C., Levy, J. K.

    Adoption of companion animals retired from biomedical research projects can provide an alternative, humane method for their disposition. For more than a decade, the University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine has allowed investigators to arrange for the adoption of nonhuman animals used...

  19. Severe intragroup aggressions in captive common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus )

    | Contributor(s):: Filippis, B. de, Chiarotti, F., Vitale, A.

    Members of captive colonies of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus), a small New World primate, can occasionally be victims of repeated, and potentially fatal, attacks by a family-mate. This study examined the records of a colony, looking for past instances of such aggressions. The aim was to...

  20. Use of PVC conduits by rats of various strains and ages housed singly and in pairs

    | Contributor(s):: Galef, B. G., Jr., Sorge, R. E.

    This study observed the frequency with which laboratory rats (Rattus norvegicus) entered polyvinylchloride (PVC) conduits placed in their cages to provide environmental enrichment. The use of PVC conduits by Norway rats varied with subjects' strain, age, sex and housing condition. Adult male...