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  1. The use of analogous reasoning for assessing discomfort in laboratory animals

    Contributor(s):: Stafleu, F. R., Rivas, E., Rivas, T., Vorstenbosch, J., Heeger, F. R., Beynen, A. C.

  2. The use of databases, information centres and guidelines when planning research that may involve animals

    Contributor(s):: Smith, A. J., Allen, T.

    In many countries scientists planning research that may involve the use of animals are required by law to examine the possibilities for replacement, reduction or refinement (the Three Rs) of these experiments. In addition to the large number of literature databases, there are now many specialist...

  3. The use of microchip implants in identification of two species of macaque

    Contributor(s):: Wolfensohn, S. E.

  4. The welfare and scientific advantages of non-invasive imaging of animals used in biomedical research

    Contributor(s):: Hudson, M.

    At present, animal experimentation remains central to our understanding of human disease-related processes and of the biological effects of many substances. Traditional experiments have relied heavily on invasive techniques to monitor changes in blood biochemistry, tissue structure or function,...

  5. The welfare impact of gavaging laboratory rats

    Contributor(s):: Bonnichsen, M., Dragsted, N., Hansen, A. K.

    Gavaging (oral dosing) has previously been shown to have only a short-term effect on behavioural parameters in the laboratory rat. The aim of this study was to determine if the gavaging of laboratory rats influenced their heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature, and if so, whether the...

  6. Use of in-cage shelters by laboratory rats

    Contributor(s):: Townsend, P.

    The effect of providing a shelter to single-housed rats was measured in terms of the preference shown for a cage containing a shelter compared with a barren cage, the range of behaviours performed and the apparent fearfulness of the animals. Of 20 Wistar male rats, all showed a strong preference...

  7. What factors should determine cage sizes for primates in the laboratory?

    Contributor(s):: Buchanan-Smith, H. M., Prescott, M. J., Cross, N. J.

    It is imperative to provide adequate quantity and quality of space for all captive animals. Yet practically all guidelines on the housing of primates in the laboratory specify minimum cage sizes based solely on body weight. We argue that no single factor, such as body weight, is sufficient to...

  8. Silence and denial in everyday life - the case of animal suffering. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Wicks, D.

    How can we make sense of the fact that we live in a world where good people co-exist in silence about widespread animal suffering. How is it that sites of suffering such as laboratories, factory farms, abattoirs and animal transportation are all around us and yet we 'do not, in a certain sense,...

  9. Ethics: views from IACUC members

    Contributor(s):: Houde, L., Dumas, C., Leroux, T.

    Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) members were interviewed on various ethical matters, including ethics, animal ethics, science and ethics, and the use of animals in research, in order to explore their implicit ethical framework. The results revealed that IACUC members entertain...

  10. The moral standing of non-human primates: why they merit special consideration

    Contributor(s):: Sauer, U. G.

    Scientific experiments with non-human primates are viewed very controversially. Those who use non-human primates for scientific purposes contend that the results will be of great benefit to humans. They say that the distress to the animals is minimal and that, therefore, their experiments are...

  11. Human-animal relationship in the research lab: a discussion by the Refinement and Enrichment Forum

    Contributor(s):: Abney, D., Conlee, K., Cunneen, M., Down, N., Lang, T., Patterson-Kane, E., Skoumbourdis, E., Reinhardt, V.

  12. Individually ventilated cages and rodent welfare: report of the 2002 RSPCA/UFAW rodent welfare group meeting

    Contributor(s):: Hawkins, P., Anderson, D., Applebee, K., Key, D., Wallace, J., Milite, G., Clark, J. M., Hubrecht, R., Jennings, M.

    The RSPCA/UFAW Rodent Welfare Group holds a one-day meeting every autumn so that its members can discuss current welfare research and exchange views on rodent welfare issues. The 2002 meeting focused on welfare issues associated with housing rodents in individually ventilated cages (IVCs)....