Animal ethics and toxicology
Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.
Animal experimentation in cancer research: a citation analysis
Contributor(s):: Dagg, A. I.
Cancer research involves the use of millions of nonhuman animals and billions of dollars in public funds each year, but cures for the disease remain elusive. This article suggests ways to reduce the use of animals and save money by identifying articles that garnered few citations over the 9 years...
Nov 18 2013
Animal Research Facilities 2013
Animal welfare in programs of zootherapy or therapy attended by animals
Contributor(s):: Silva, M. R. da, Martins, M. de F., Gouvea, A. H., Pinheiro, J. de V., Santos, T. R. dos, Lee, J. Y., Lins, L. B., Greghi, G. F.
Zootherapy or Therapy Attended by Animals are denominations for different types of assistances human beings, where the animals are used as co-therapeutic in the learning of children and adolescents with or without cognitive deficits, aged institutionalized or not, chemical dependents, alcoholics...
Antimony: The Use, Rights, and Regulation of Laboratory Animals
Contributor(s):: Brenda L. Thomas
'In recent years, the problem, plight, and philosophy behind the use of animals in laboratories, schools, and industries has caused many to formulate an opinion on animal experimentation. It is simple to postulate a Monday morning quarterback philosophy - merely weigh the...
Are Smelly Animals Happy Animals? Competing Definitions of Laboratory Animal Cruelty and Public Policy
Contributor(s):: Groves, Julian McAllister
Artificial weaning of Old World monkeys: benefits and costs
Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.
Permanent mother-infant separation prior to natural weaning is a common husbandry practice in monkey breeding colonies. In the United States, all eight Regional Primate Research Centres have such colonies. Under undisturbed conditions, Old World monkey mothers wean their infants at the age of...
Assessing pain, suffering and distress in laboratory animals: an RSPCA survey of current practice in the UK
Contributor(s):: Hawkins, P.
A survey was undertaken to evaluate how animal discomfort, pain, suffering and distress are recognized and assessed in UK scientific procedure establishments. In total, 28 establishments were visited between 1999 and 2001 and 137 people participated, including animal technicians, veterinarians...
Assessment of stress in non-human primates: application of the neutrophil activation test
Contributor(s):: Honess, P. E., Marin, C., Brown, A. P., Wolfensohn, S. E.
A technique measuring leukocyte (neutrophil) activity was used to examine differences between stress levels in a breeding colony of rhesus macaques housed in either a traditional caging system or open-rooms. The leukocyte activation test measured the degree to which blood from the two treatment...
Behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting giant pandas from China to the United States
Contributor(s):: Snyder, R. J., Perdue, B. M., Powell, D. M., Forthman, D. L., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.
Zoological institutions strive to ensure the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity. Part of this effort involves reducing the level of distress experienced by an animal to the greatest extent possible. However, some necessary zoo management practices such as transportation induce stress...
Behavioral and physiological correlates of stress in laboratory cats
Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K., Brown, J. L., Strawn, W.
Sixteen domestic cats were used to investigate the pituitary-adrenal, pituitary-gonadal and behavioural consequences of an unpredictable handling and husbandry routine. After a 10-day baseline period of standard laboratory procedures, 8 cats ('stressed cats', STR) were subjected to a 21-day...
Behavioral assessment of intermittent wheel running and individual housing in mice in the laboratory
Contributor(s):: Pham, T. M., Brene, S., Baumans, V.
Physical cage enrichment - exercise devices for rodents in the laboratory - often includes running wheels. This study compared responses of mice in enriched physical and social conditions and in standard social conditions to wheel running, individual housing, and open-field test. The study...
Behaviour of laboratory mice is altered by light pollution within the housing environment
Contributor(s):: Bedrosian, T. A., Vaughn, C. A., Weil, Z. M., Nelson, R. J.
Behavioural adaptation of brushtail possums ( Trichosurus vulpecula ) to captivity
Contributor(s):: Day, T. D., O'Connor, C. E.
Brushtail possums are New Zealand's most serious vertebrate pest, facilitating the spread of bovine tuberculosis to livestock, and causing severe damage to native flora and fauna. Possum control has become a national research priority, involving the use of large numbers of captive possums....
Behavioural effects of cage enrichment in single-caged adult cats
Contributor(s):: Monte, M. de, Pape, G. le
Behavioural observations were made of 10 six-month-old male, individually caged cats in their 56 x 63 x 67 cm cages with or without the additional stimuli of a log, a ball or both objects. Each cat was observed for 5 days in each condition. Placing objects in the cages caused a decrease in...
Behavioural effects of environmental enrichment for individually caged rabbits
Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L.
The behavioural effects of providing 60 male New Zealand laboratory rabbits with one of four objects in their individual cages as environmental enrichment were investigated. The rabbits were assigned to one of 5 treatments by a random procedure; hay in a water bottle, grass-cubes, two gnawing...
Behavioural responses of laying hens to carriage on horizontal and inclined conveyors
Contributor(s):: Scott, G. B., Moran, P.
Groups of end-of-lay (spent) hens were subjected to 3 different treatments on a short flat-belt conveyor. Observations of bird behaviour indicated that the incidences of wing flapping, loss of balance and alarm calling signficantly increased when birds were conveyed up and down slopes in...
Behavioural responses of rats to gradual-fill carbon dioxide euthanasia and reduced oxygen concentrations
Contributor(s):: Niel, L., Weary, D. M.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is widely used for euthanasia of laboratory rats, but little is known about the pain and distress caused by this procedure. Physiological and human self-report data suggest that CO2 may cause pain and dyspnea, a sensation of breathlessness and increased respiratory effort, at...
Bioacoustic monitoring of aggression in group-housed rhesus macaques
Contributor(s):: McCowan, B., Rommeck, I.
Many captive primate facilities house rhesus macaques in multimale-multifemale social groups in large enclosures that simulate the natural social and environmental features characteristic of the species, enhancing their reproductive performance as well as their psychological well-being, yet one...
Biological effects of blood loss: implications for sampling volumes and techniques
Contributor(s):: McGuill, M. W., Rowan, A. N.