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Filial attachment in sheep: similarities and differences between ewe-lamb and human-lamb relationships
Contributor(s):: Nowak, R., Boivin, X.
Animals develop relationships with intra- and interspecific partners, including humans. In some cases this can lead to strong emotional bonds indicating the existence of attachment. The sheep is well known to develop various forms of social attachment (mothers towards young, lambs towards...
Space allowance during gestation and early maternal separation: effects on the fear response and social motivation of lambs
Contributor(s):: Averos, X., Marchewka, J., Beltran de Heredia, I., Zanella, A. J., Ruiz, R., Estevez, I.
A common prenatal stressor in lambs is early maternal separation, which may be aggravated by spatial restriction of ewes during pregnancy. They may influence lambs' development and coping abilities. The aim of this study was to determine how space allowance provided to ewes during pregnancy and...
Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration of lambs?
Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Beausoleil, N. J., Johnson, C. B., Webster, J. R., Schutz, K. E., Cox, N., Stafford, K. J.
To facilitate the wider use of pain relief on-farm, practical 'farmer friendly' methods for administering pain relief are necessary. This proof of concept study evaluated the efficacy of rubber rings coated with local anaesthetic (LA, lignocaine) for providing pain relief in lambs castrated 4...
Investigating the motivation to play in lambs
Contributor(s):: Chapagain, D., Uvnas-Moberg, K., Lidfors, L. M.
The aim of this study was to identify behaviours and ear postures linked to the appetitive, consummatory and post-consummatory motivational phases of play in male lambs, and to evaluate how cortisol was affected by play. Ten pairs of male lambs, Ovis aries were observed in a play arena three...
Behavior of lambs in rest pens during long-distance transport
Contributor(s):: Krawczel, P. D., Friend, T. H., Archer, G. S.
The aim of this study was to determine how one group of lambs utilized 2 consecutive rest periods in novel environments with access to food and water that occurred during 22 hr of motor transport. The 18.5+or-0.6 kg lambs (n=15) were transported for 8 hr and then unloaded for a 6-hr rest period....
Effect of postweaning handling strategies on welfare and productive traits in lambs
Contributor(s):: Pascual-Alonso, M., Miranda-de Lama, G. C. la, Aguayo-Ulloa, L., Ezquerro, L., Villarroel, M., Marin, R. H., Maria, G. A.
Postweaning management strategies that include an element of social enrichment may reduce weaning stress and improve welfare and productive performance. We analyzed the effect of postweaning handling strategies on welfare and production traits in lambs. After weaning, 36 lambs were assigned to 3...
A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep
Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.
Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...
Repeated exposure to positive events induces optimistic-like judgment and enhances fearfulness in chronically stressed sheep
Contributor(s):: Destrez, A., Deiss, V., Leterrier, C., Calandreau, L., Boissy, A.
Chronic stress in farm animals can induce detrimental effects in emotional sensitivity and cognitive function, for example, by altering fearfulness and eliciting pessimistic-like judgment. Based on a few experiments carried out on laboratory animals, we suggest that exposing chronically stressed...
Social context and other factors influence the behavioural expression of pain by lambs
Contributor(s):: Guesgen, M. J., Beausoleil, N. J., Minot, E. O., Stewart, M., Stafford, K. J.
There is evidence that the presence of a conspecific can alter the experience of pain in humans and other animals. This 'social buffering' may be mediated by factors such as relatedness and familiarity. This study investigates whether and how the social context affects the behavioural response of...
Mobile abattoir versus conventional slaughterhouse - impact on stress parameters and meat quality characteristics in Norwegian lambs
Contributor(s):: Eriksen, M. S., Rodbotten, R., Grondahl, A. M., Friestad, M., Andersen, I. L., Mejdell, C. M.
The aim of the present study was to investigate possible differences in certain stress parameters and meat quality characteristics between Norwegian lambs slaughtered at a mobile abattoir (at two different localities) versus lambs slaughtered at a conventional, stationary slaughterhouse. Lambs...
Performance of sheep in a spatial maze is impeded by negative stimuli
Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Freire, R., Cowling, A., Knott, S. A., Lee, C.
Exposure to negative stimuli or stress can manifest in general changes in cognitive processing. This study aimed to investigate if a spatial maze task could be used to identify stress-induced differences in the cognitive performance of sheep. Two negative stimuli were used to test the hypothesis....
Chronic stress induces pessimistic-like judgment and learning deficits in sheep
Contributor(s):: Destrez, A., Deiss, V., Levy, F., Calandreau, L., Lee, C., Chaillou-Sagon, E., Boissy, A.
The importance of diet choice on stress-related responses by lambs
Contributor(s):: Catanese, F., Obelar, M., Villalba, J. J., Distel, R. A.
Visual discrimination learning and spatial acuity in sheep
Contributor(s):: Sumita, Sugnaseelan, Prescott, N. B., Broom, D. M., Wathes, C. M., Phillips, C. J. C.
Cougar predation on livestock in New Mexico, January 1983 through June 1984
Contributor(s):: Gary A. Littauer, Ronald J. White
A telephone survey was conducted in which the objective was to obtain information from the entire population of livestock producers in New Mexico who had losses to cougars (Felis concolor) in 1983 and the first six months of 1984. A total of 103 ranchers reported losses in 1983 and 60 reported...
Attitudes of Nebraska sheep producers toward predators
Contributor(s):: Dale J. Hafer, Scott E. Hygnstrom
The economy of the State of Nebraska is highly dependent on the agricultural industry. When factors arise that complicate and threaten facets of the industry, those involved, particularly producers, often express a high degree of concern toward those threatening factors.The sheep producers of...
Assessment of unconsciousness during slaughter without stunning in lambs
Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, P., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Llonch, P.
Impact of rapid treatment of sheep lame with footrot on welfare and economics and farmer attitudes to lameness in sheep
Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Kaler, J., Wassink, G. J., King, E. M., Thomas, R. G.
Interactions between profit and welfare on extensive sheep farms
Contributor(s):: Stott, A. W., Ahmadi, B. V., Dwyer, C. M., Kupiec, B., Morgan-Davies, C., Milne, C. E., Ringrose, S., Goddard, P., Phillips, K., Waterhouse, A.
Reducing mother-young separation distress by inducing ewes into oestrus at the day of weaning
Contributor(s):: Perez-Leon, I., Orihuela, A., Lidfors, L., Aguirre, V.