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  1. Effects of environmental enrichment on activity and lameness in commercial broiler production

    Contributor(s):: Vasdal, Guro, Vas, Judit, Newberry, Ruth C., Moe, Randi Oppermann

    The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of commercially applied environmental enrichments on behavior and lameness in broilers. Two consecutive flocks of broilers were observed at 16 days and 30 days of age to investigate differences between enriched (peat, bales of lucerne...

  2. Pain expression is linked to personality in horses

    Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Collins, Lisa M., Elwood, Robert W.

    Tissue damage may result in pain, inducing protective behaviour such as lameness. Because we cannot directly measure an animal's subjective experience, pain research and veterinary assessment rely on these behavioural indicators when quantifying pain. This assumes that pain expression is...

  3. Behavioural changes in dairy cows with lameness in an automatic milking system

    Contributor(s):: Miguel-Pacheco, Giuliana G., Kaler, Jasmeet, Remnant, John, Cheyne, Lydia, Abbott, Caroline, French, Andrew P., Pridmore, Tony P., Huxley, Jonathan N.

    There is a tendency worldwide for the automation of farms; this has included the introduction of automatic milking systems (AMS) in the dairy industry. Lameness in dairy cows is highly prevalent and painful. These impacts potentially affect not only animal welfare, but also farm economies. Three...

  4. Relationships between lameness and feeding behaviour in cubicle-housed Holstein–Friesian dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Palmer, Maeve A., Law, Ryan, O’Connell, Niamh E.

    The relationship between lameness and feeding behaviour in dairy cows is not yet fully understood. This study examined the effect of lameness on feeding behaviour at two points during lactation. Forty-five Holstein–Friesian dairy cows (average parity 3.3) were housed in cubicle accommodation...

  5. Pain issues in poultry

    Contributor(s):: Gentle, Michael J.

    This review highlights the possible pain experienced by layer and broiler poultry in modern husbandry conditions. Receptors which respond to noxous stimulation (nociceptors) have been identified and physiologically characterised in many different part of the body of the chicken including the...

  6. Impact of lameness on gait characteristics and lying behaviour of zero grazed dairy cattle in early lactation

    Contributor(s):: Blackie, Nicola, Bleach, Emma, Amory, Jonathan, Scaife, Jes

    The present study examines the impact of lameness on the time budgets and gait of dairy cattle during early lactation. Automated assessment of activity together with an objective method (using video motion analysis) of assessing the gait of the cattle was utilised. Twenty-five Holstein dairy cows...

  7. Electronic detection of lameness in dairy cows through measuring pedometric activity and lying behavior

    Contributor(s):: Alsaaod, Maher, Römer, Christoph, Kleinmanns, Jens, Hendriksen, Kathrin, Rose-Meierhöfer, Sandra, Plümer, Lutz, Büscher, Wolfgang

    The objective of this research was to evaluate the efficiency of electronic measurement of activity and lying behavior by ALT-pedometer to recognize different behavior patterns between non-lame and lame cows. The sensors were used to measure the activity and lying behavior, including the total...

  8. Effects of behaviour on the development of claw lesions in early lactation dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Dippel, Sabine, Tucker, Cassandra B., Winckler, Christoph, Weary, Daniel M.

    Claw lesions such as haemorrhages (HAEM) or white line separation (WLS) are caused by a variety of factors. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between behaviour and the development of claw lesions. Holstein cows (n=33) were housed in four pens with sand-bedded cubicles and solid...

  9. The effect of lameness on lying behaviour of zero grazed Holstein dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Blackie, Nicola, Amory, Jonathan, Bleach, Emma, Scaife, Jes

    The present study examines the impact of chronic lameness, where animals remained the same locomotion score for 3 consecutive months on lying behaviour of dairy cattle. The 59 lactating Holstein dairy cows recruited to the study, were grouped according to locomotion score (LS) where low scores...

  10. Impact of lameness on gait characteristics and lying behaviour of zero grazed dairy cattle in early lactation

    Contributor(s):: Blackie, Nicola, Bleach, Emma, Amory, Jonathan, Scaife, Jes

    The present study examines the impact of lameness on the time budgets and gait of dairy cattle during early lactation. Automated assessment of activity together with an objective method (using video motion analysis) of assessing the gait of the cattle was utilised. Twenty-five Holstein dairy cows...

  11. Corrigendum: Editorial: Working Dogs: Form and Function

    Contributor(s):: Otto, C. M., Cobb, M. L., Wilsson, E.

  12. Associations between qualitative behaviour assessments and measures of leg health, fear and mortality in Norwegian broiler chicken flocks

    Contributor(s):: Muri, Karianne, Stubsjøen, Solveig Marie, Vasdal, Guro, Moe, Randi Oppermann, Granquist, Erik Georg

    Qualitative behavioural assessments (QBA) is an animal-based welfare measure that has been included in several on-farm welfare assessment protocols, including the Welfare Quality® (WQ) protocol for poultry. However, there is a scarcity of information about how it relates to other animal-based...

  13. Effects of surface type in an uncovered stand-off pad system on comfort and welfare of non-lactating dairy cows during winter

    Contributor(s):: Al-Marashdeh, Omar, Cameron, Keith C., Bryant, Racheal H., Chen, Ao, McGowan, Briar, Gillé-Perrier, Corentine, Carey, Peter, Chrystal, Jane, Hodge, Simon, Edwards, Grant R.

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of stand-off surface type on cow lying behaviour, cleanliness and lameness. One hundred and sixty Friesian × Jersey crossbreed, pregnant non-lactating dairy cows were blocked into five groups of 32 cows and randomly assigned to one of five...

  14. Behavior changes associated with lameness in sows

    Contributor(s):: Ala-Kurikka, Eve, Heinonen, Mari, Mustonen, Katja, Peltoniemi, Olli, Raekallio, Marja, Vainio, Outi, Valros, Anna

    Lameness is a common health and welfare problem in sows. Little has been published about behavioral changes in lame sows. Ketoprofen is an effective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to treat non-infectious locomotor disorders in pigs. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of...

  15. Equine performance and equitation science: Clinical issues

    Contributor(s):: Dyson, Sue

    The quality of equine performance can be influenced by pain, whether or not that results in overt lameness. Recognition of low-grade lameness is challenging, but with careful observation there are many clues which veterinarians, riders and trainers should recognise. Riders and trainers are...

  16. Design and test of a web-survey for collecting observer’s ratings on dairy goats’ behavioural data

    Contributor(s):: Vieira, Ana, Oliveira, Mónica D., Nunes, Telmo, Stilwell, George

    A considerable amount of behavioural research studies are based on observer’s ratings collected during field visits. New methods for collecting this type of data have recently emerged, for instance using videos or photographs that are presented and assessed during workshops or meetings, or...

  17. Effects of lameness treatment for claw horn lesions on lying behaviour in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Miguel-Pacheco, Giuliana G., Thomas, Heather J., Kaler, Jasmeet, Craigon, Jim, Huxley, Jonathan N.

    Lameness affects lying behaviour in dairy cattle, increasing total lying time and the number of lying bouts. However, there is limited information about the effect of lameness treatment on dairy cow behaviour. This study investigated the effect of four lameness treatments on lying behaviour...

  18. Validation of HOBO Pendant® data loggers for automated step detection in two age classes of male turkeys: growers and finishers

    Contributor(s):: Dalton, Hillary A., Wood, Benjamin J., Dickey, James P., Torrey, Stephanie

    Activity levels can be used as a predictor of health status, physical condition, feed efficiency, and coping style in animals. Small, portable data loggers have been validated as an inexpensive and effective alternative to video or live observation for automated activity detection in several...

  19. Editorial: Working Dogs: Form and Function

    Contributor(s):: Otto, C. M., Cobb, M. L., Wilsson, E.

    201963512297-1769 (Print)2297-176910.3389/fvets.2019.00351engDepartment of Clinical Sciences and Advanced Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.Penn Vet Working Dog Center, Philadelphia, PA, United States.Working Dog Alliance, Melbourne, VIC,...

  20. Welfare Problems in Cattle, Pigs, and Sheep that Persist Even Though Scientific Research Clearly Shows How to Prevent Them

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin

    Great strides have been made to improve animal welfare. Unfortunately, there are certain problems that continue to persist. The causes of these problems range from a lack of financial accountability for losses, failure to measure them, or repeating old mistakes. Some examples of persistent...