Maximum permissible load for Yonaguni ponies (Japanese landrace horses) trotting over a short, straight course
Contributor(s):: Matsuura, A., Mano, H., Irimajiri, M., Hodate, K.
This study aimed to determine the load-bearing capacity of trotting Yonaguni ponies using gait analysis. The Yonaguni pony is one of the Japanese landrace horses, and has normal gait characteristics when trotting. As a breed they are small in stature and hence susceptible to the effect of the...
Effect of different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake on piglets' growth and mortality
Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.
An experiment was conducted to study the effect four different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake had on piglet and litter performance. Treatments were performed on piglets born weighing 1.30 kg or less (SP) within 6 h of birth: control group (CON); split-nursing of the litter for...
Predicting time spent on different behavioural activities from physicochemical properties of fibrous diets in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Bakare, A. G., Ndou, S. P., Madzimure, J., Chimonyo, M.
The objective of the present study was to predict time spent on different behavioural activities by finishing pigs, using physicochemical measurements of fibrous feed. Eighty four Large White * Landrace barrows with 80.54.7 kg body weight (BW) at the beginning of the experiment were used. Feed...
Confined and sustainable? A critique of recent pastoral policy for reindeer herding in Finnmark, northern Norway
Contributor(s):: Marin, Andrei F.
Situating the Humans Relationship with Nature in the Tangkhul Naga's Lifeworld
Contributor(s):: Varah, Franky
An initial investigation into the effects of isolation and enrichment on the welfare of laboratory pigs housed in the PigTurn system, assessed using tear staining, behaviour, physiology and haematology
Contributor(s):: DeBoer, S. P., Garner, J. P., McCain, R. R., Lay, D. C., Jr., Eicher, S. D., Marchant-Forde, J. N.
In some parts of the world, the laboratory pig ( Sus scrofa) is often housed in individual, sterile housing which may impose stress. Our objectives were to determine the effects of isolation and enrichment on pigs housed within the PigTurn - a novel penning system with automated blood sampling -...
The Wild Horse and Burro Issue, 1982
Contributor(s):: Wolfe, Michael L.
Dueling land ethics: uncovering agricultural stakeholder mental models to better understand recent land use conversion
Contributor(s):: Turner, B. L., Wuellner, M., Nichols, T., Gates, R.
The aim of this paper is to investigate how alternative land ethics of agricultural stakeholders may help explain recent land use changes. The paper first explores the historical development of the land ethic concept in the United States and how those ethics have impacted land use policy and use...
Special Issue: Ethical aspects of large-scale land acquisition in developing countries
Contributor(s):: Voget-Kleschin, L., Ott, K.
This special issue aims at investigating large-scale land acquisitions (LaSLA) from an ethical perspective. It encompasses four case studies, namely the case of Limphasa Sugar Corporation in Malawi, financed by a Malawian and some British Investors; Chinese-based land-acquisitions in Cambodia; a...
The politics and ethics of land concessions in rural Cambodia
Contributor(s):: Neef, A., Touch, S., Chiengthong, J.
In rural Cambodia the rampant allocation of state land to political elites and foreign investors in the form of "Economic Land Concessions (ELCs)" - estimated to cover an area equivalent to more than 50% of the country's arable land - has been associated with encroachment on farmland, community...
Interaction between sows' aggressiveness post mixing and skin lesions recorded several weeks later
Contributor(s):: Tonepohl, B., Appel, A. K., Voss, B., Borstel, U. K. von, Gauly, M.
The welfare of growing pigs in five different production systems in France and Spain: assessment of health
Contributor(s):: Temple, D., Courboulay, V., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Manteca, X.
A statewide examination of hunting and trophy nonhuman animals: Perspectives of Montana hunters
Contributor(s):: Eliason, S. L.
Farmers' perceptions of livestock, agriculture, and natural resources in the rural Ethiopian highlands
Contributor(s):: Tschopp, R., Aseffa, A., Schelling, E., Zinsstag, J.
Increasing human and livestock populations in Ethiopia are leading to a growing demand for food and feed. Cereal cropping is highly prioritized at the cost of the livestock subsector and the environment. Grazing land is decreasing, leading to overstocking and overgrazing of pastures, thus fueling...
Agro-biodiversity conservation in Europe: ethical issues
Contributor(s):: Negri, V.
While it is commonly acknowledged that the ecosystemic, and the inter- and intra-specific diversity of "natural" life is under threat of being irremediably lost, there is much less awareness that the diversity in agro-ecosystems is also under threat. This paper is focused on the biodiverse...
A note on the effect of gestation housing environment on approach test measures in gilts
Contributor(s):: Marchant-Forde, J. N., Bradshaw, R. H., Marchant-Forde, R. M., Broom, D. M.
Systems' welfare evaluation, including behavioural testing, is becoming increasingly popular in farm animal assurance schemes. The aims of this study were to investigate whether fairly short-term exposure to gestation housing systems, which varied in physical, environmental and human-input...
Characterisation of sows' postures and posture changes with regard to crushing piglets
Contributor(s):: Wischner, D., Kemper, N., Stamer, E., Hellbruegge, B., Presuhn, U., Krieter, J.
The aim of this study was to analyse different behavioural traits of sows to describe posture changes and to determine the influences of these traits on piglet losses. The behaviour of 386 German Landrace sows (with 438 pure-bred litters) was videotaped continuously starting 12 h prepartum until...
Comparison of methods to assess fear of humans in sows
Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Laws, D. M., Courboulay, V., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Edwards, S. A.
The aims of this study were to compare three different methods to assess fear of humans in sows, and identify the most practical and reliable method for on-farm welfare assessment. Fifty-five crossbred sows (Landrace x Large White x Duroc) of different parities and stages of pregnancy were each...
Influence of different types of environmental enrichment on the behaviour of finishing pigs in two different housing systems: 3. Hanging toy versus rootable toy of the same material
Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Taylor, L., Gill, B. P., Edwards, S. A.
This study aimed to assess the effects of (1) environmental enrichment with either straw bedding or a plastic toy and (2) the way in which the plastic toy was presented on the behaviour of finishing pigs in two different housing systems. One thousand and twenty four (Large White x Landrace) x...
Piglet use of the creep area - effects of breeding value and farrowing environment
Contributor(s):: Vasdal, G., Andersen, I. L., Pedersen, L. J.
The objective of this study was to investigate piglet use of the creep area, comparing litters of sows with a high vs. low breeding value for piglet survival in the first 5 days postpartum, that were either housed in crates or individual pens during farrowing and lactation. Seventy-five Yorkshire...