HABRI Central - Tags: Land
 
You are here: Home / Tags / Land / All Categories

Tags: Land

All Categories (21-38 of 38)

  1. Influence of different types of environmental enrichment on the behaviour of finishing pigs in two different housing systems: 3. Hanging toy versus rootable toy of the same material

    | Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Taylor, L., Gill, B. P., Edwards, S. A.

    This study aimed to assess the effects of (1) environmental enrichment with either straw bedding or a plastic toy and (2) the way in which the plastic toy was presented on the behaviour of finishing pigs in two different housing systems. One thousand and twenty four (Large White x Landrace) x...

  2. Piglet use of the creep area - effects of breeding value and farrowing environment

    | Contributor(s):: Vasdal, G., Andersen, I. L., Pedersen, L. J.

    The objective of this study was to investigate piglet use of the creep area, comparing litters of sows with a high vs. low breeding value for piglet survival in the first 5 days postpartum, that were either housed in crates or individual pens during farrowing and lactation. Seventy-five Yorkshire...

  3. Validation of an automatic system to detect position changes in puerperal sows

    | Contributor(s):: Mainau, E., Dalmau, A., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Manteca, X.

    Piglet crushing by the sow is one of the main causes of piglet mortality during the first 48 h after birth. The frequency of position changes may be partially related to the pain caused by farrowing. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an automatic system to register position...

  4. A flooring comparison: the impact of rubber mats on the health, behavior, and welfare of group-housed sows at breeding

    | Contributor(s):: Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

    Comfortable flooring may impact many aspects of an animal's welfare, including lying behavior, an animal's ability to change postures, and incidence of lameness and lesions. Therefore, we hypothesized that the addition of rubber mats to stalls of group pens would improve sow health,...

  5. A note on genetic parameters of gilt responses to humans

    | Contributor(s):: Hellbrugge, B., Tolle, K. H., Presuhn, U., Krieter, J.

    In this study, a response test towards a stockperson was evaluated for improved maternal behaviour and increased piglet survival. Records were available from 638 German Landrace gilts with 860 observations tested for the response to an observer in the familiar environment of the mating centre....

  6. Behaviour of two genotypes of growing-finishing pig in three different housing systems

    | Contributor(s):: Guy, J. H., Rowlinson, P., Chadwick, J. P., Ellis, M.

    This trial compared the behaviour of 720 growing-finishing pigs, progeny of either indoor (Large White x Landrace) or outdoor (part-Meishan or part-Duroc) sows mated to Large White boars, when housed in either outdoor paddocks, straw yards or fully-slatted pens. Space allowance per pig in outdoor...

  7. Can we predict behaviour in pigs? Searching for consistency in behaviour over time and across situations

    | Contributor(s):: Erp-van der Kooij, E. van, Kuijpers, A. H., Schrama, J. W., Eerdenburg, F. J. C. M. van, Schouten, W. G. P., Tielen, M. J. M.

    Individual differences in animal behaviour could elucidate the differences in stress coping style, which have consequences for production, health and welfare. Therefore, individual behavioural differences in pigs and consistency of responses in different test situations were studied. If...

  8. The effect of breed on the development of adverse social behaviours in pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Breuer, K., Sutcliffe, M. E. M., Mercer, J. T., Rance, K. A., Beattie, V. E., Sneddon, I. A., Edwards, S. A.

    Tail-biting and other harmful social behaviours are a common problem on pig farms. The aims of the current experiment were (1) to investigate the genetic component of harmful social behaviours such as tail-biting by assessing breed differences, and (2) to further investigate the reliability and...

  9. The effect of increasing dietary fibre and the provision of straw racks on the welfare of sows housed in small static groups

    | Contributor(s):: Stewart, C. L., Boyle, L. A., O'Connell, N. E.

    This study assessed the effects of increasing dietary fibre levels in concentrate rations and providing access to straw in racks on the welfare of pregnant sows housed in small static groups. In a 2x2 factorial design experiment, 128 Large White x Landrace pregnant sows were offered one of two...

  10. Conservation of biodiversity within Canadian agricultural landscapes: integrating habitat for wildlife

    | Contributor(s):: Mineau, P., McLaughlin, A.

    Industrialized agriculture currently substitutes for many of the ecological functions of soil microorganisms, macroinvertebrates, wild plants, and vertebrate animals with high cost inputs of pesticides and fertilizers. Enhanced biological diversity potentially offers agricultural producers a...

  11. Incentive problems in Canada's land markets: emphasis on Ontario

    | Contributor(s):: Gilmour, B., Huffman, R., Terauds, A., Jefferson, C.

    The specific issue addressed is urban encroachment on Ontario's agricultural lands, and the problems it poses for both analysis and the conservation of the land resource. The aim is: (1) to identify where and why traditional analytical and regulatory approaches fail to resolve land use...

  12. Effects of space allowance on the welfare of dry sows kept in dynamic groups and fed with an electronic sow feeder

    | Contributor(s):: Remience, V., Wavreille, J., Canart, B., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Prunier, A., Bartiaux-Thill, N., Nicks, B., Vandenheede, M.

    The minimal legal space allowance for grouped pregnant sows in the EU is 2.25 m2/sow. The effect of higher space per animal on agonistic behaviour and social stress of animals living in dynamic groups is not known. Two groups of 34 pregnant Belgian Landrace sows were housed in two pens of...

  13. Pre-lying behaviour patterns in confined sows and their effects on crushing of piglets

    | Contributor(s):: Wischner, D., Kemper, N., Stamer, E., Hellbrugge, B., Presuhn, U., Krieter, J.

    In order to determine the influences of different posture patterns of sows on piglet losses, the present study aimed at the analysis of different elements of pre-lying behaviour peri and post partum. Over the course of 1 year, the behaviour of 386 German Landrace sows (with 438 pure-bred...

  14. Are pigs sensitive to variability in food rewards?

    | Contributor(s):: Jonge, F. H. de, Ooms, M., Kuurman, W. W., Maes, J. H. R., Spruijt, B. M.

    Pigs are non-specialist feeders with high capacities to adapt their diets within wide limits to prevailing and unpredictable conditions. Under husbandry conditions however, pigs are usually fed under extremely predictable conditions, i.e. with highly uniform and standardized diets, ad libitum or...

  15. Consistency and influence on performance of behavioural differences in Large White and Landrace purebred pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Fernandez de Sevilla, X., Casellas, J., Tibau, J., Fabrega, E.

    According to the theory of behavioural strategies, individual animals show clear consistency when they have to adapt to environmental changes and challenges: their responses are predictable in different situations and throughout time. The main objective of this research was to evaluate...

  16. Relationship between rooting behaviour and foraging in growing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Beattie, V. E., O'Connell, N. E.

    The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between rooting behaviour and foraging in growing pigs. In study 1, forty-eight 11-week-old pigs were housed in eight groups of six with access to a rooting substrate in the form of spent mushroom compost. In half of the...

  17. The effect of feeding a high fibre diet on the welfare of sows housed in large dynamic groups

    | Contributor(s):: Stewart, C. L., Boyle, L. A., McCann, M. E. E., O'Connell, N. E.

    This study assessed the effect of increasing fibre levels in the concentrate ration on the welfare of sows housed in a large dynamic group. One hundred and twelve Large White x Landrace sows were allocated to one of two treatments over six replicates. Treatments were as follows: (i) High Fibre...

  18. The welfare of finishing pigs under different housing and feeding systems: liquid versus dry feeding in fully-slatted and straw-based housing

    | Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Chennells, D. J., Armstrong, D., Taylor, L., Gill, B. P., Edwards, S. A.

    This study assessed the health and welfare implications of feeding pigs a dry or liquid diet when housed in either fully-slatted or straw-based accommodation. Between April and October 2002, 1024 (Large White x Landrace) x Large White pigs, housed in pens of 32, were fed ad libitum from 34 kg to...